## Monday, November 08, 2004

### edition 1 to 31

Welcome to our first edition.
I'm going to call this publication The BootLIST.
Just as Bootdisk.Com is a resource for helping us fix computer systems at work and at home I would like this newsletter to address the current problems and solutions that seem to be topic of the day.
To advance that goal I would like to include selected reader's questions, comments, and of course interesting or helpful links to websites that we can all find useful in helping us maintain our PCs.
With that said, please feel free to email me at efj@ifu.net with your technical question or comment. Your question and my response may just appear in the next newsletter. Please note that, as this is still a hobby and I can't personally respond to or answer all the email that I currently receive.
INDEX
1) DATA TRANSFER TO NEW HARD DRIVE
2) NEW RAM HASN'T FIXED MY RESOURCE PROBLEM
3) HOW TO VIEW HIDDEN FILES IN DOS
5) COMMON ZONEALARM PROBLEM
7) WHAT BOOTDISK DO I USE FOR WINDOWS 3.11
8) IS IT OK TO RUN 2 ANTIVIRUS PROGRAMS
9) WHAT DOES OEM MEAN
10) WESTERN DIGITAL DRIVE NOT DETECTED
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1) DATA TRANSFER TO NEW HARD DRIVE
I am going to install a new and much larger hard drive and I would like to know how to transfer all the data from the old to the new one. There is physically room for only one hard drive in the tower. Is there a program that can transfer data? How do you transfer data when only one can run at a time.
*** This is one of the more common questions and it's really not that hard to do and the risk is minimal.
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2) NEW RAM HASN'T FIXED MY RESOURCE PROBLEM
In an effort to speed up my 700 Mhz Pentium III's performance, I just upgraded from 128 MB of RAM to 384. Unfortunately, this has caused no noticeable change in speed. In addition, it hasn't helped to free up my system resources. I don't have many programs running on my computer on bootup (Norton, Download Accelerator Plus) but after booting up a browser and AIM system resources can drop all the way down to 30 or 20%! And the loading/redrawing process can sometimes be slow.*** Adding more RAM has NO effect on available system resources. Chances are that Adam has an old Windows 95 16bit application he's installed that is dragging the system down. To identify the nasty resource draining program he can use msconfig startup tab if he has Windows 98+ to temporarily disable programs from starting up with Windows. Or, he can use Startup Cop or StartUp Control Panel:StartUp Control Panel http://www.bootdisk.com/genfiles/start27.zipStartUpCop http://www.pchelp911.com/files/startcop.zipOther helpful links:www.pacs-portal.co.uk/startup_content.htmwww.3feetunder.com/krick/startlist.htm
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3) HOW TO VIEW HIDDEN FILES IN DOS
gonza asks in USEnet:When I do 'dir' in dos, i found that all the hidden files are still, well, hidden. The only parameter I know is /a which didn't do the job. Is there anyway I can make the hidden files show in dos?
*** To unhide the file(s) in a specific folder type attrib *.* -h -r -s and conversely +h +r +s to put the attributes back. Then you can do a dir and see them and edit them as you wish.Generally, if I want to unhide a specific file like msdos.sys in order to modify it in DOS I type:attrib -h -r -s msdos.sysThen I can open and edit the file.Another DOS command to see what hidden files are in a specific directory is:dir /ah
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5) COMMON ZONEALARM PROBLEM
*** ZoneAlarm is a very commonly used Firewall. Often when people uninstall it or it's files get damaged they often lose their WWW access with either IE or Netscape.One common solution is to of course reinstall Zone Alarm if you can find the setup file you've downloaded and saved on your hard drive. Another option is to remove the following files from your hard drive to get your Internet WWW AXS back again:vsdata95.dll vsmonapi.dll vsdata.dll vsutil.dllZonelabs.com has the following link for more specific instructions. It might be worth the time to copy and paste and/or print them:http://www.zonelabs.com/services/support_install.htm
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Brian asks in USEnet:I'm trying to get something to prevent my ISP from kicking me off my dialup connection. (Ever get kicked offline unnecessarily? Like if you go and make a sandwhich, or hoagie, or just go away for 10 minutes to drink beers, or whatever...)
*** There are a couple of things you can try but there is no guarantee that either will work to keep you online when you are not surfing. First, you can set your email program to check for new mail every 5 minutes or so. Second, you can try a pinger:http://www.iopus.com/acplug.htmMany ISPs however, are now are putting in Hard Disconnects tho this doesn't seem to apply to your case. Their software will disconnect you in an hour or two no matter what you are doing.
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7) WHAT BOOTDISK DO I USE FOR WINDOWS 3.11
This is a common question in our Guestbook.
*** For the Windows 3.X family use a DOS bootdisk that matches the version of DOS that's installed on your PC. You can type ver and then Enter at a Command Prompt [a DOS prompt] to see what version of DOS is installed. Or, if ver doesn't work you can go to the DOS directory and note the time on the DOS files as the time corresponds to the version of DOS you have.If the machine is not booting up you can use most any DOS bootdisk to start up with and then go to the DOS Directory to see what version was installed on the PC [again by the time date on the file]. Now you can then use the proper DOS bootdisk to start with and then do a sys c: to transfer the system over and make the C: drive bootable again.
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8) IS IT OK TO RUN 2 ANTIVIRUS PROGRAMS
*** It's not really recommended. It is however, a nice feature to have two different anti-virus programs installed on your PC. Run ONLY one of them in the background at a time and use the second one as a double check now and then to scan all your hard drive partitions.In other words, suppose you like both InnoculateIT and Nortons. Install them both but only let one startup and monitor the PC as you boot. And remember to keep them up to date with the latest virus definition files.This is the exact same advice Mr. Frisk, the author of F-Prot used to give in his documentation's and online. F-Prot for DOS is still one of the best programs around to ID and remove viruses from PCs that have already been infected. PC techs always carry F-Prot with them in their bag.
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9) WHAT DOES OEM MEAN
*** Technically it means Original Equipment Manufacturer. This question pops up all the time in Internet Groups and Forums when people are shopping for a new video card or hard disk drive etc.Many online PC parts retailers may offer both OEM and Retail parts. Generally OEM means you get the part in a static bag and hopefully a drivers disk but that's it. Retail means you get the part, as it would be marketed in a Retail Store with printed manuals, extra "bonus" CDs, and any wires or cables you may need, all in a fancy Retail Box.For example, if you are buying a new Intel CPU OEM all you will get is the CPU. If you buy the new Intel CPU Retail Version, you'll pay more but will often get a longer warranty and a special CPU fan designed by Intel.As a second example, if you are buying a new hard drive OEM all you will receive is the hard drive. If you buy the retail version you'll get the hard drive, setup disk, instructions, a cable and screws and sometimes even a set of "universal" mounting rails.
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10) WESTERN DIGITAL DRIVE NOT DETECTED
Greg asks in USEnet:I just got a free giveaway PC from work; it is a p-200 that I intend to use at home as a linux machine. The hard disk in the PC came from another 'retired' machine, it is a Western Digital Caviar 1.6 GB. I personally saw this disk in it's previous home and it was working when the machine was taken off-line. Now the disk is in the p-200 and it is not detected during startup. Checked the BIOS and it is set to auto detect. The drive jumper is set to master and it is connected on the primary IDE channel. During the POST it gets to "Detecting Primary Master hard disk: and it sits there for a while then says 'None'. The disk is definitely powering
*** If there is no Slave on your primary IDE channel then remove the jumper from the WD as WD is different then most drives as it has a setting for "Master" which you only use if there is in fact a Slave device on the same channel but if there is none, then you remove the jumper from the WD which makes it "Single". Also make sure that even though your BIOS is set to "Autodetect" that it's also set for LBA mode although this doesn't affect your PC from detecting the drive it's just the right setting when you go to fdisk and format it again.
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Click Here to subscribe to The BootLISTClick Here to UNsubscribe to The BootLISTOr just send a note to service@bootdisk.com with ADD in the Subject Lineto subscribe or REMOVE in the Subject Line to UNsubscribe.Thanks. Ed Jablonowskihttp://www.bootdisk.com/bootlist.htm ^^^^
http://www.bootdisk.com/ Newsletter 002The BootLISTWelcome to the second edition of The BootLIST.
INDEX1) The ENUM Key2) Dictionary Doesn't Work In XP3) Yellow XP Info POPUPS4) Where Is The XP Swap File Setting5) Image Converter6) Printer Jams Up And Then Prints Jibberish7) Windows Finds New Printer On Each Bootup8) What Is SFC For9) Cheap Winmodem Has Connection Problems10) Auto LogOn To Windows With tweakUI
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1) The ENUM KeyThere was discussion previously about blowing away enum sections in Windows 98SE registry so that the hard drive could be moved to a new machine and Windows would go through the hardware installation routine again. There are several enum sections in the registry. Which one should be blown away?This technique sounds like it could be a big timesaver for installing new hard drives in the field.HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\ENUMThat's the only key you need to remove. Have the Windows CD, and whatever device drivers disks you may need, handy after rebooting.
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2) Dictionary Doesn't Work In XP
Hello, I have a German-English business dictionary called Hamblock Wessels, which I bought in the summer of 2000 & it came on 3 floppies. This dictionary worked fine under Windows 98SE and Windows ME, but I'm having problems getting it to run with XP.
*** There is no RULE that says all your old software has to work with the latest Microsoft Operating System. Check with the vendor or maker of such software to see if they have "patches" or Upgrades for XP.It's always best to do this in advance of any OS upgrade especially if you want to continue to use an old DOS or Windows program. Check for your video, sound, modem, and other devices as well like scanners or cameras. You can find the information you need at the manufacturers website in most cases. If they haven't put the driver or upgrade up for XP, chances are it doesn't exist.However, some Hardware venders such as HP are starting to charge for Windows XP drivers. This is nothing new. Many Hardware vendors used to charge for drivers back in 1995/96 when people upgraded to Windows 95 from Windows 3.x
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3) Yellow XP Info POPUPS
Hi guys anyone have a clue as to how I can disable the damn annoying yellow information popups that show whenever I place my mouse on an icon?Go to Control Panel Folder Options Select the View tab, then look in Advanced Settings. Uncheck the box for "Show pop-up descriptions for folders and desktop items".
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4) Where Is The XP Swap File Setting
Where is the swap file setting in Windows XPRight-click My Computer and choose Properties. Then Advanced Performance Advanced Virtual Memory.
*** Windows XP by default makes a swap file [Page File] 1.5 times the amount of RAM you have installed assuming that you have the hard drive space available. The reason being is so it can dump the contents of your RAM into the swap file during an "emergency". Maybe a reader of this newsletter can add to this.Personally, I see no reason to mess with it however.
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5) Image ConverterCan anyone recommend a freeware image converter/compressor/uncompresser (like bmp to PNG, bmp to JPEG, JPEG to bmp, etc)? I'd prefer just a basic one that doesn't install a bunch of shit, just basic in fine. Thanks.
*** Irfanview is FREEWARE and one of the best programs of its kind. When you install it though keep an eye out for the files it wants to be associated with. Generally I don't allow new software to re-associate all the files it wants to handle. One can always set the associations later on.I like Irfanview, among many other reasons, because it doesn't mate with Windows and is a lean and mean program that does what you tell it to do. It's also a great program for viewing Folders full of pics.It's also a good program to initiate and manage Scans.http://www.irfanview.com/
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6) Printer Jams Up And Then Prints Jibberish
*** If your printer does 2 or 3 pages and then stops with the horrible blinking lights, and then when you reset it it spits out a never ending line of pages with just one line of jibberish at the top try this:Go to Control Panel, Printers and right mouse click on the printer that is causing you the problem. Choose Properties, Details, Spool Settings, Spool Data Format, and change EMF to RAW then click OK.This is not the cure for all, but it does indeed fix a good majority of the problems as described.
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7) Windows Finds New Printer On Each Bootup
*** A common "quick fix" is to just point Windows to install a Generic Printer when it asks for the drivers or source of the drivers. This should solve the bootup niggle.
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8) What Is SFC For
*** SFC or System File Checker is a Windows tool for helping to fix specific problems with specific applications. It's run from Start, Run, Open. Type in sfc and hit OK.Many computer repair techs can go for years without ever using it. What it does is scan for altered files. However, what it doesn't do is tell you if the altered files are indeed the ones you actually need to keep your favorite programs running.Many people run it as basic maintenance, which is a real NO-NO. It's best to research your problem first and see if either Microsoft or your software vendor recommends using it to fix a specific problem you may be having. They will most often provide details on what files to allow to replace and what files to ignore.
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9) Cheap Winmodem Has Connection Problems
I currently have intermittent dial-up connection problems. This appears to have begun when I replaced an older ISA modem with a "cheap" PCI K56 modem. The modem establishes a connection 99.9% of the time but the "receive" side of the connection sometimes goes dead shortly after the connection is made (about 25% of the time). The modem is listed as "Generic SoftK56 Data,Fax,Voice PCI Modem" and uses the driver that came with it.
*** The "handshake" is one of the most important aspects of the software that runs any modem. The Handshake is that horrible sound you hear when you first log on. What is happening is that your modem and the ISP's modem are trying to see what the best [and fastest] reliable connection speed is for your current session.Lower end modems tend to "agree" to a higher initial speed then your phone line can actually handle in time without errors or disconnects as the session develops. Better modems do a better job with the Handshake.
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10) Auto LogOn To Windows With tweakUII "seem" to have reinstalled Windows successfully, but that Tweak It program is missing that Auto-logs me on.Where exactly do I go to get it back?
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Click Here to subscribe to The BootLISTClick Here to UNsubscribe to The BootLISTOr just send a note to service@bootdisk.com with ADD in the Subject Lineto subscribe or REMOVE in the Subject Line to UNsubscribe.Thanks. Ed Jablonowskihttp://www.bootdisk.com/bootlist.htm ^^^http://www.bootdisk.com/ Newsletter 003The BootLISTWelcome to the third edition of The BootLIST.INDEX 1) Are Temp Files Safe To Delete 2) Not Enough Memory For Scandisk3) Coping With Tech Support4) CPU Temperature5) Quick Restart Tip6) Copy And Paste Shortcut7) The Slaughterhouse8) A-Open CD Writer ########################################
1) Are Temp Files Safe To Delete*** Yes all files in c:\windows\temp in fact should be deleted on a regular basis. In fact, old files in that folder are often the cause of "failed" new software installs.########################################
2) Not Enough Memory For ScandiskAlien_Seed asks in USEnet:After Ghosting a 10 Gig drive over to a 20 Gig drive, when trying to run Scandisk on the Ghosted drive, get the message " Not enough memory available to run scan disk, shut down any programs and try to run scandisk again" there are No programs running and there is 640 megs of memory.Win 98SEAnybody ever run into this?Ron replies:Two possible culprits1. The 20 gb drive has been created with a 4K cluster size, resulting in more than 4.1 million clusters on the drive. Defrag and Scandisk cannot handle drives with more than 4.1 million clusters.2. Your 640 mb of RAM has allowed Windows to create an excessively large disk cache (more than 512 mb) resulting in false "out of memory" errors. The cure in this case (and you should have this entry regardless) is to add the following entry to the [vcache] section of c:\windows\system.ini: MaxFileCache=459000Good luckRon Martell Duncan B.C. CanadaMicrosoft MVPOn-Line Help Computer Servicehttp://onlinehelp.bc.ca/"The reason computer chips are so small is computers don't eat much."########################################
) CPU Temperature*** Most new systems have an onboard sensor to report the temperature of your CPU. A normal range is between 40 and 55 degrees C with AMD CPUs under moderate use tending to run closer to 50 degrees C. If your system is IDLE and the CPU temperature is above 50 then I'd certainly want to investigate cleaning the CPU fan and heatsink first to see if that brings the temperature down. This is usually done with "compressed air".You also want to double check that your power supply fan is running which brings hot air out of the case. If your case feels warm on the outside when you touch it then your system could use an additional case fan.########################################
5) Quick Restart Tip*** To speed up a Windows restart hold the Shift key down when you click on Start Shutdown Restart. This will prevent your PC from going through the POST process you see when you initially turn it on.########################################
6) Copy And Paste Shortcut*** There is a better way to Copy and Paste then using the Edit - Copy and Paste menu or using the keyboard shortcuts Ctrl+C and Ctrl+V to copy and paste. Highlight the lines you want using the left mouse button, then click the Right mouse button and choose Copy, find the place you want to paste it and the Right mouse click again and chose Paste.This wont work with all your applications but will work with the majority of them.########################################
7) The Slaughterhouse*** Back in 1995/96 the best place to get Internet related software was Tucows. The site got really popular and then real slow due to its popularity. About the same time a young man started The Slaughterhouse at:http://www.slaughterhouse.com/The Slaughterhouse was a godsend. Unbiased reviews rated with skulls, tech news of the day, and a Pick Of The Day. And it was fast. Your average Joe stayed away from the site because of the initial morbid pic of a few "Doctors" doing a dissection on a dead "something". Pretty morbid but the "geeks" loved it. Am I bringing back some memories here?Anyway, the site went commercial a few years latar and stayed that way until about the middle of last year [2001]. Then all of a sudden everything seemed to stop. All the ads went away but so did the site updates. It's currently a site frozen in time. However, most of the links still work and the reviews are still there.I just grabbed an email address tester I didn't even know existed.########################################
8) A-Open CD WriterGreetings from sunny Gauteng - South AfricaI have purchased an AOpen CR writer(20*10*40) and the operating manual stated that:The CDrom should be installed on the secondary IDE bus as master and the CDwriter should be the slave on the same bus.*** Interesting. I just built a PC that included an A-Open (24*10*40) Writer and Item #2 in the quick installation guide said that Master was the preferred setting. Historically, Writers seem to work best if set to Master on the Secondary if the primary use of your Writer is to burn files from your hard drive to it.However when attempting to copy a disk using Nero software(ver 5) a note appears, stating that because I am using the same bus for both devices buffer errors will occur and will also reduce the speed of copying if I copy "on the fly" As a result I am not able to use this option.*** That makes sense. An "exception" to the Master rule [if you want to dupe disks from the Reader to the Writer] is to put the CDroms on separate channels. Many other PC techs also agree with this. I however, have always had the best overall success copying CDs by first copying the Source to a folder on the hard drive and then making the copy.*** Didn't the A-Open come with PrimoCD Plus software? It's maybe the easiest burning software I've ever used. Quality wise, the A-Open Burners are quite nice for the total package you get.Will I cause damage to the CDwriter / or reduce my copying speed if I: Change the CDrom as slave on my Hard drive primary cable and allow the CDwriter to be the secondary master.*** No you will not cause any damage to the Writer. As far as reducing your copying speed well, that's a function of many other factors as well. It's hard to generalize one way or another on that issue.I appreciate your assistance in this regard.Regards DenashTime: 09h15 Date: 07 February 2002*** Good luck.
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Click Here to subscribe to The BootLISTClick Here to UNsubscribe to The BootLISTOr just send a note to service@bootdisk.com with ADD in the Subject Lineto subscribe or REMOVE in the Subject Line to UNsubscribe.Thanks. Ed Jablonowskihttp://www.bootdisk.com/bootlist.htm ^^^http://www.bootdisk.com/ Newsletter 004The BootLISTWelcome to the 4th edition of The BootLIST.INDEX 1) Foreign Partitions 2) Shutdown Problem3) What Is Safe Mode4) Stuck In 640X4805) Coping With Tech Support [Part II]6) Is Formatting Bad7) Trying To Recover Allocation Unit.....8) What Do All The BIOS Settings Mean 9) How Do I Move The Taskbar10) Non-System Disk Error########################################
1) Foreign PartitionsPer from Sweden asks in the Guestbook:Hi there! I get a very tricky error message when i try to reinstall my windows 95 swedish edition with a boot disk. I think i have all the right files and th right driver. I get quite far, all th way until it says that the installation has begun. But then I get the message "Unable to make a temoporary catalog. If you have HPFS or NTFS installed on the disk you must make a MS-DOS startpartition to be able to install Windows." What's my problem?? Plz help!! By the way..your site is great.. Best*** It sounds like you have to delete the existing partitions on your hard drive first, then recreate them with the proper Win95 bootdisk. By proper disk I mean the one that's matched for the Windows CD you own. If the file dates on the CD are 7/11/95 than use a Windows 95 original bootdisk. If the file dates on your Windows 95 CD are dated 1996, then use a Windows 95B bootdisk which has FAT32 support.If the version of fdisk on your boot floppy cant delete the existing partitions, then try aefdisk with the command:aefdisk /delallaefdisk can be downloaded from here http://www.aefdisk.com/
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2) Shutdown ProblemKen asks in USEnet:Every time I try to shut down my computer, I get an error message that says a program may still be running, and gives me the option of WAIT, END TASK, or CANCEL. In order to finish the shutdown, I have to click on the END TASK button. Then, after a few seconds, the system shuts down.Does anybody know what might be happening and how I can eliminate the problem? Otherwise, my computer runs just fine.Thor writes:What program does the message box say is still running? One thing you can try, is to press CTRL-ALT-DEL to bring up the task manager box. End-task *one* item in the list (excluding "explorer" or "systray") and then shut down windows. If windows shuts down right away, then you have likely found the program that is refusing to allow windows to shut down. Keep in mind that several of the running programs might not shut down immediately when you click "end task" in the task manager. Press CTRL-ALT-DEL a second time to see if that program has disappeared from the list before trying to shut windows down.########################################
3) What Is Safe Modemartin asks in USEnet:what is safe modeThor responds:Safe mode is a special troubleshooting mode for windows. It can typically be accessed by pressing the F8 key when windows starts to load, which will result in a startup menu, which safe mode is one of the choices. You only have a brief interval to accomplish this, and if you see the normal windows cloud graphic, you have waited too long to press the key. Safe mode runs windows with very minimal drivers, and with many things disabled, so you can better determine what might be causing the trouble, and to provide access to the GUI in the event that window's normal mode is too corrupt to run properly. Because safe mode uses very basic video drivers, the display will often look washed out, and downright horrible. This is normal.########################################
4) Stuck In 640X480Nick wrote in USEnet:In Control Panel>Display>Settings, I want to change the Screen area, but I can't move the slider, it's stuck at 640 x 480 pixels, so the text & icons are too big.Is this a driver issue?Whatever it is, how do I fix this so that I can move the slider and change the screen area?j.webster responds:Yes this is a driver issue, you need to look inside your pc and Identify what graphics card you are using ( unless you already know ) you can then download the drivers from the net.*** You may NOT have to take the cover off. There are some utils that you may try that may ID the video card and/or chipset for you.HWiNFO may do it: http://www.hwinfo.com/html/download.html
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5) Coping With Tech Support [Part II]thomas comments in The Guest Book:this site rocks i do phone tech support for dell i tell you this site is the best by far all kinds of info and boot disk and programs knowledge right on bro*** Thanks. I hope my past article:http://www.bootdisk.com/bootlist/0003.htm#3helps out people like you who have a most difficult job. Anybody who's done tech support via the phone can attest to this even if it's just for your family members or the customers of your small computer company.
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6) Is Formatting Baddano asks in USEnet:Does it have a downside? Am curious if it may take some life off of hard drive?*** Any use of your hard drive adds some wear and tear, including formatting. The downside to formatting is really losing all the data that's on the drive. Then, after a format, you have to reinstall your OS and all your drivers.########################################
7) Trying To Recover Allocation Unit.....jon.u asks in USEnet:I have a Western Digital 6 Gig drive which needs to be formatted. However for the past two hours it has been "Trying to recover allocation unit....." and the format is progressing very slowly. I desperately need the drive to use temporarily. Does anyone have a suggestion for software which I can download which will perform a low level format hiding any bad sectors from the Format program.*** Firstly, you cannot Low Level Format a modern drive. Yes you may be able to download certain utilities from the Hard Drive makers website that are labeled Low Level Format programs but in fact they are NOT. They are simply Zero Fill Utilities.Secondly, yes you can try a Zero fill util to wipe out the drive. In fact I'd recommend trying that in your case. However, the Western Digital 6.4 gig drives are quite old and were never known for a long life span, so my guess it's time for the trash bin.
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8) What Do All The BIOS Settings MeanBob the Hacked asks in USEnet:Is there a web site or some other source that can explain all of the BIOS settings? I recently upgraded my BIOS and there are some new settings not covered in the manual. (The manual doesn't really explain half the covered settings anyways.) The mobo mfg does not have an updated manual on the web site.*** The webpage below does an excellent job of explaining what all those items in your BIOS mean.http://www.itcp.net/~awsh/Speed_Demonz/BIOS_Guide/BIOS_Guide_Index.htm
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9) How Do I Move The Taskbardarrenlettice asks:Task bar and start is on the side instead of along the bottom of screen dont no how to get it back*** Find a blank space on the Taskbar, put your mouse cursor over it and hold down the Left button. Then drag it back to the bottom.########################################
10) Non-System Disk ErrorChaos asks in the Guestbook:i just reformated my hard drive for my lap top and reinstalled windows 3.1 now it own't boot up and i've tried a couple of boot disks but it keeps giving me "non-system disk" what should i do*** First set your BIOS to boot from the A: drive aka the Floppy Drive. Tips on how to do that are here:http://www.bootdisk.com/bootdir.htm#biosThen bootup with a DOS 6.22 bootdisk and do a sys c:
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Click Here to subscribe to The BootLISTClick Here to UNsubscribe to The BootLISTOr just send a note to service@bootdisk.com with ADD in the Subject Lineto subscribe or REMOVE in the Subject Line to UNsubscribe.Thanks. Ed Jablonowskihttp://www.bootdisk.com/bootlist.htm ^^^http://www.bootdisk.com/ Newsletter 005The BootLISTWelcome to the 5th edition of The BootLIST.This is a SPECIAL EDITION featuring Kan Yabumoto, Author of XXCOPY.INDEX Introduction1) Brief History Of XXCOPY2) XXCOPY For Cloning The Win9x System Disk3) Ghost, DriveImage And XXCOPY4) XXCOPY - More Than A One-Trick-Pony5) The Feature In XXCOPY That I'm Most Proud Of6) A One-Liner Batch File For You7) XXCOPY Road Map, Near-term And Long Term
8) Conclusion For Now
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Introduction
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What is XXCOPY really all about?
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1. Brief History Of XXCOPYXXCOPY debuted in the Internet as a freeware in November, 1999. But it's predecessor, DCOPY (and DCOPY32) was born around 1994. It has been a bundled utility program in our DATMAN package (DATMAN makes a tape drive behave like a disk. Visit http://www.datman.com/ for details). Its modest goal was to circumvent the problem of Microsoft's XCOPY which often got stuck in a script (batch file) when files are transferred to a NetWare file server for backup.The file-sharing problem in a multi-tasking and networking environment has always been a common headache. The problem will be with us forever. When a file is exclusively opened by one program, the next program which attempts to access it has no choice but to let the first program be done with it. The trouble with Microsoft's XCOPY was that it gave the user the infamous "R(etry) or A(bort)" choice --- you either try it again which usually gets you nowhere, or abort the whole backup operation. But worst of all, the situation makes the batch script sit there idle (Microsoft later added the much-needed third, F(ail) option in the prompt along with the /C switch to prevent a failed copy from ruining the rest of the backup operation). DCOPY had that capability long before Microsoft corrected its XCOPY.We always listen to the users. Later, we found ourselves adding many more backup-related features to DCOPY. But, after many more switches were added, one key principle remains the same: the latest XXCOPY's command line syntax is still compatible with Microsoft's XCOPY.When we released XXCOPY to the general public in late 1999, our motivation was to provide something for free in the Internet to attract more traffic to our main DATMAN.COM web site. We gave it the new name, XXCOPY which correctly characterizes the nature of the product; the behavior stays very close to that of XCOPY. This makes the user's first experience with XXCOPY relatively painless, provided that he already knows Microsoft's XCOPY fairly well.
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2. XXCOPY For Cloning The Win9x System Disk.Soon after the XXCOPY freeware version became more widely circulated, a few people discovered its usefulness in duplicating the Windows 9x system disk. I'm not sure exactly who mentioned this usage first. At various newsgroups, XXCOPY was recommended to others for disk cloning purposes. At that time, many people were using Microsoft's XCOPY for this. We still see plenty of users run the following command for this purpose.XCOPY C:\ D:\ /h /e /k /r /yBeing compatible with XCOPY, XXCOPY can be run using exactly the same combination of switchesXXCOPY C:\ D:\ /h /e /k /r /yBut, I was recommending an improved variation,XXCOPY C:\ D:\ /ks /h /e /r /q /y /bi /zyIn order to help memorize this long combination, I came up with the following mnemonic for it; "Kiss Her Quick, Yes, But I'm busy." But, it requires photographic memory. So, I devised a shortcut switch in XXCOPY that is a direct substitution of the longer combination. That is how the /CLONE switch came to life.Now, the command is much easier to remember.XXCOPY C:\ D:\ /CLONEOf course, we could have advocated a batch file to achieve the similar goal. But, this shortest form as a built-in switch was an instant success. Then, I wrote a special manual with step-by-step instructions for this operation.http://www.xxcopy.com/cloneIf you help others by mentioning the /CLONE switch for duplicating the Win9x system disk, I hope you also add this pointer in your advice so that the new user will not have to wonder "What's next?" after he runs the /CLONE operation and still does not have a bootable disk. The MBR, the boot sectors, etc. must be properly initialized in order to have a bootable system disk.Now, you know why we did not develop XXCOPY for disk clone operations. Nor was the very /CLONE operation specifically designed for cloning! It is simply a natural consequence of making a versatile tool for many purposes. The /CLONE switch remains a mere convenience feature in XXCOPY to ease the typing and memorizing.
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3. Ghost, DriveImage And XXCOPYThe /CLONE switch made XXCOPY a free alternative to Norton Ghost and PowerQuest's DriveImage. I have great respect for both of these products. In newsgroups, we find so many people asking the same question over and over again. Here's a typical thread:Q: I just bought a 20GB hard disk and I want to replace my Win98 system disk with the new one. Tell me how?A: Most hard disks come with a utility to do just that. Otherwise, buy Ghost or DriveImage, or try freeware XXCOPY.Some people adamantly suggest Norton Ghost. Not only do they recommend it for the one-time system cloning operation, they also advocate the use of Ghost for daily/weekly backup. That is fine. But, many say they chose XXCOPY and they are happy with it. After all, when you buy a $90 disk, would you spend an additional$50 just for this one-time operation?--------------------------------------------------------- I hear the Ghost software that one bought two years ago cannot do well in cloning the XP disk. Thus, the $50 price tag is not a one-time investment for a good tool, but rather a recurring expense like an annual subscription. I suspect many Ghost advocates are professional system integrators or consultants who buy Ghost as his tool for everyday work. But they must not forget that they are talking to one-time users. ---------------------------------------------------------XXCOPY works great for this purpose. It works better than the XCOPY method by not taking chances with the short filename (SFN) (see http://www.xxcopy.com/xxcopy03.htm for detail). XXCOPY preserves the SFN when files are copied using the long filename (LFN), whereas most other programs (including Microsoft's tools) neglect this aspect.XXCOPY's /CLONE command can be used for subsequent daily backup without any change (by leaving the old disk in D: as a backup drive after the disk swap). The incremental backup will run much faster than Ghost or DriveImage for this purpose. Moreover, in a relatively rare instance of either of the disks (original or the newly cloned one) having a bad sector, a disk imaging software such as Ghost usually cannot handle the bad sector unless the two drives have bad sectors in exactly the same positions.It is quite amazing that both approaches work. It's like traveling from New York to New Delhi, via Hawaii or via Europe. We fly to totally opposite directions at first. In the middle, we are thousands of miles apart. Yet, we arrive at the same goal.Am I saying XXCOPY is better than Ghost or DriveImage? No. I say it is just plain silly to compare apples and oranges. But, since it continues to be a hot issue, let me briefly give my advice to the disk cloning issue once and for all.My answer to the Win9x/ME disk clone question:------------------------------------------------------------- Try XXCOPY Freeware first (be sure to read the XXTB #10). If it fails, use Ghost or DriveImage that fits your budget.-------------------------------------------------------------Honestly, I shouldn't waste my energy on this small issue. XXCOPY has never been designed for and will never be made for disk imaging. It happens to work great when one wants to make a bootable system disk for Win9x/ME.As of this writing, we do not have a similar recipe for making a bootable WinNT/2K/XP disk using only XXCOPY.########################################4. XXCOPY - More Than A One-Trick-PonyWhen you have done your first /CLONE job with XXCOPY and you are happy with it, XXCOPY is not finished yet. It has just demonstrated its versatility in one of the many things that it is capable of. Let me emphasize it:XXCOPY is not a one-trick-pony, not just for /CLONE.When you run XXCOPY /HELP for the first time to obtain the help text, the sheer volume will probably overwhelm you. The good news is, you need not learn them all at once. Take time. Learn one feature at a time and use it repeatedly and explore some more.Here is a non-exhaustive list of what those switches do.a. select files by filetime, size, attributes, etc.b. specify exclusion pattern (files and directories) specify inclusion pattern (filename patterns only)c. create log file and name-list file.d. modify behaviors of all the above and much more...In essence, the great majority of file management activities you want to carry out are probably supported by XXCOPY already. But you need to find out which switch to use and that can be difficult. My favorite reference page for that is:http://www.xxcopy.com/xxcopy27.htmThis page deliberately avoids the alphabetical order; instead, the listing is ordered by the functionality of the switches. It is even more useful as an overview of all the available switches using the functional classification in mastering the galaxy of XXCOPY command switches. I highly recommend it.Let me conclude this section with some more examples:xxcopy \src\ \dst\ /da#10 // files modified within 10 days xxcopy \src\ \dst\ /da:2002-2 // files modified after Feb 2002. xxcopy \src\ \dst\ /sz:-100m // files up to 100 MB long xxcopy \src\ \dst\ /ats // files with system attribute xxcopy \src\ \dst\ /x*.tmp // exclude files that end by .TMPRather than showing all of the 200+ switches, I let your educated guess extend this short list to what kind of cases the other 200+ switches might do for you. ######################################## 5. The Feature In XXCOPY That I'm Most Proud OfIf there is a defining feature in XXCOPY, this is it. The feature called "Wild-Wildcard" is the crown jewel of the program. It opens up new ways to look at the files and directories. Forgive my complacency here, but I want you to feel my enthusiasm for it and learn the feature.From the user's point of view, the Wild-wildcard feature allows you to place as many wildcard characters and at any position in the source specifier. It's quite elegant.Programming this feature was a little hard. Then, handling the exclusion items with wildcards made it more difficult. Now, to implement all this with a great execution efficiency, was the most challenging experience in the entire project. But, inventing this type of unique and powerful feature brings joy to the programming profession.Here's an example of that.xxcopy c:\micro*\*\cache*\*\*.jpg d:\myimagesIf you know what "*" does to a filespec at the end of a fully spelled-out path, you can reasonably guess what it does when it appears in the middle of a multi-level pathspec.If you are confused and prefer not to know it, that is fine. You can use XXCOPY without knowing anything about this feature. On the other hand, if you are intrigued by it, let me briefly explain. It's a liberal application of wildcards ( * and ?).One way to look at this is to view the feature as an extension of the /S switch. See the difference of the following lines:xxcopy c:\mydir\myfile.* // one directory level xxcopy c:\mydir\myfile.* /s // multi-level subdirectoriesMost XCOPY users are quite familiar with the /S switch that allows the file pattern (myfile.*) to appear anywhere inside the subdirectories under the c:\mydir\ directory. The file may appear immediately inside the c:\mydir\ directory or it may be in second, third or any level of subdirectory.Now, we introduce a new notation to denote the effect of /S:xxcopy c:\mydir\myfile.* /s // multi-level subdirs xxcopy c:\mydir\*\myfile.* // equivalent to the aboveWhen it has the single-star (..\*\..) sequence, it signifies that the item(s) at the right hand side can be at any level of subdirectory. The two command lines behave exactly the same.Once we agree upon how the sequence works when it is placed immediately left to the filename pattern, we can shift the occurrence of the single-star sequence to any other place. In short, this notation lets you apply the mechanics of /S on the subdirectory level other than the lowest (rightmost) level.xxcopy c:\mydir\*\xyz\myfile.* // the /S switch can't do thisAnother innovation in the wild-wildcard feature is to allow wildcards (both * and ?) to appear for any number of times.xxcopy c:\*\*dir\*\xyz?\*\myfile.* // can really go wild.So, let us wrap up this section with one more example:xxcopy c:\abc\*\xyz\*.jpgThe xyz subdirectory can be anywhere under c:\abc;c:\abc\xyz\john.jpg c:\abc\def\xyz\paul.jpg c:\abc\def\ghi\xyz\john.jpgAll the above are selected with c:\abc\*\xyz\*.jpg ######################################## 6. A One-Liner Batch File For YouWho in their right mind need to go wild with the Wild-Wildcard?You seldom need to go very wild in filespec. But, the ultimate flexibility in XXCOPY becomes very handy when you look for something in your disk. Since you don't want to remember the XXCOPY switches that work best for file searches, a batch file really makes your life easier.Here is my favorite batch file:where.bat ----------------------------------------------------- xxcopy /lzdl/s/h %1 %2 %3 %4 %5 %6 %7 %8 %9 -----------------------------------------------------It is a file-finder script. It often works best with a pathname that starts with the root (but need not to). With this batch file, I sometimes go quite wild. You may add any "adjective" using the xxcopy switchesexamples:where \windows\*\cache*\ // list all in cache dirs where \*\temp*\ /sz:0 // zero-byte files in temp dirs where \ /da#10m // made in the past 10 min where \mydir\ \ref\ /u // files common in both dirsThis simple batch script exemplifies the flexibility of XXCOPY by allowing many ways to select files. For instance, the fourth example above shows off some nifty combination. ######################################## 7. XXCOPY Road Map, Near-term And Long TermLately, I started to realize a disturbing fact in XXCOPY's user community. I enjoy relating my experience in early days of CP/M, MS-DOS and so on with XXCOPY users who reminisce their stories with me. But I suspect that the average age of the XXCOPY users is higher than that of the whole computer professionals (I'm afraid the same is true to BootDisk.Com)!We often hear from people at IT departments' supervising positions saying their young system administrators prefer clicking the mouse button a few thousand times to taking the time and edit a five-line batch file. Sadly, it may be true.If we continue the command line-only design, XXCOPY will repeat the demise of the dinosaurs. We have no illusion. So, Graphical User Interface (GUI) is the future of XXCOPY.In the near term, a simplistic GUI-based program will satisfy novice users' need for XXCOPY. Since it will omit most advanced features, this product can be finished first.We also want to introduce a GUI application which helps the user find the right switches for file management operations. Since it presents nearly all XXCOPY switches in a well- organized fashion, it takes longer to develop; hence, it will be released at a later date.In the past, we have been contacted by a few individuals who wanted to develop a GUI-based front end program which runs side by side with the XXCOPY program. We welcome initiatives from interested parties who might work with us for a loose, non-exclusive partnership. ######################################## 8. Conclusion For NowIn conclusion, I tried to make XXCOPY a worthwhile program for nearly everybody who is eager to learn its rich set of file management operations. My publicly stated goal for this program is: One day, XXCOPY will be called:The Undisputed King of the File Management Utilities.Lastly, I hope this will not be my last time in this newsletter. If you have questions, please send me your comments to mailto:www.xxcopy.com/xxcopy27.htm. I will respond to you in my next appearance here (whatever name you use in the Email (but not your Email address) will appear in it).Alternatively, you may post your question to the XXCOPY discussion group, or join the group and/or subscribe the Email delivery of the messages.To post your message, send Email to: mailto:www.xxcopy.com/xxcopy27.htm To subscribe the messages: mailto:www.xxcopy.com/xxcopy27.htmIt is a Yahoo-sponsored group (with some ads), and a great place to meet other XXCOPY users who are quite eager to help newbies with their experience. I will also post my message there when a clarification is needed. It is also the place where announcements about XXCOPY are made. For example, a new XXCOPY beta version is always announced in the discussion group, first. You can post your suggestion for a new feature there. It's like a Usenet newsgroup specialized in XXCOPY except responses usually arrive much more quickly. The archived messages (> 1500) are a gold mine to retrieve past messages using the keyword search.So, please join the "XXCOPY Revolution".Kan YabumotoNaperville, Illinois.+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++Click Here to subscribe to The BootLISTClick Here to UNsubscribe to The BootLISTOr just send a note to service@bootdisk.com with ADD in the Subject Lineto subscribe or REMOVE in the Subject Line to UNsubscribe.Thanks. Ed Jablonowskihttp://www.bootdisk.com/bootlist.htm ^^^http://www.bootdisk.com/ Newsletter 006The BootLISTWelcome to the 6th edition of The BootLIST.INDEX 1) No Spare Stack Pages - Min SPs2) No Games In Windows SE3) Black Scans4) CD Burner Freezes5) What Is Direct X6) Music CDs Do Not Play7) File Splitter For Floppy Drive8) Tips for Front Page Express9) Help Understanding RAM10) Floppy Drive Doesn't Work ######################################## 1) No Spare Stack Pages - Min SPsJohn wants to know:What the heck is a Min SP, and how do you increase them?I'm occasionally getting an error message (occurs during the boot process) that is telling me to increase the setting for Min SP's, but I have *no* idea what it refers to, or how to do so.As background, the machine will continue the boot process if I hit , and will function fine. The machine is a Compaq laptop. I just want to have an idea what the deal is with this Min SP stuff.Brihu replies:No Spare Stack PagesTo resolve this behaviour, add the following line to the [386Enh] section of the System.ini file, and then restart your computer: MinSPs=4If the behaviour continues to occur, increase the number of spare stack pages in increments of 4 (for example, 8, 12, 16).NOTE : Each spare stack page requires 4 KB of memory.To edit the System.ini file for Windows 95, 98 and 98se: Click Start , click Run , type sysedit in the Open box, and then click OK . Click System.ini on the Window menu. In the [386Enh] section, type the following line: MinSPs=4On the File menu, click Exit , and then click Yes to save the changes.######################################## 2) No Games In Windows SEBen writes:I did a re-install of win 98 se. No games came up after the re-install. ie:(Minesweeper, Solitaire)Any help for the easiest ways of getting these games on there, will be appreciated.Blade says:Start Settings Control Panel Add/Remove Programs > Windows Setup Accessories Check Games Click Ok [Requires Win 98 SE to derive components from].*** This is nothing unusual. The standard Windows games are NOT installed by default in Windows SE.######################################## 3) Black ScansM.Day asks:I have a HP scanner and after moving it to another location it scans everything black. what is the trouble? can it be a broken lamp?*** Most every scanner has a lock/unlock button that you are supposed to use before you move it. I hope you used it. If so it may still be locked. If not you may have broken your scanner.If you've moved it to another PC make sure the colors and resolutions for the scans are the same as with the "original" PC as often if you are printing Black then you may have it set for too many colors.######################################## 4) CD Burner Freezesrpo wrote:My problem is with my burner...............Creative CD burner and Nero software it simulates the burn first with no problem but will go through the burn process up to 98 % then freezes.I have disabled all running programs to free up operating % but still get the lock up*** Well I'm not really sure how you are disabling your running programs. But sometimes even if you disable them their .dlls and .vxds quite possibly are still running. I have seen your problem before and I have used msconfig startup tab to disable the anti-virus program temporarily and that fixed it. If you've already tried that try uninstalling your anti-virus program as that one always seems to be the cuprite when I've seen problems exactly like yours.Also try turning down your burn speed.######################################## 5) Direct XCarol asks in USEnetWhat is the above and what is it used for?Pugwash responds:Direct X drivers are a must for running almost all Windows games. DirectX 8.1 is the latest version of DirectX.*** The latest version of DirectX can usually be found here:http://www.microsoft.com/directx/homeuser/downloads/default.asp ######################################## 6) Music CDs Do Not Playalexandrew wants to know:My cdrom works ok but when I put cd music in it , there is no sound!!?? can you help??Kenny reports:Double click speaker icon in System Tray, check that CD Audio & Wav/Direct Sound aren't muted or turned down. If that doesn't work then Options/Properties/Playback, make sure same 2 items are ticked. If that doesn't work you'll need to check that cable from CDROM to soundcard is connected.*** The autoplay feature may not be working either. It often gets disabled when you install a CD Writer. Alexandrew could also try launching an Audio CD Player first and then seeing if it works. ######################################## 7) File Splitter For Floppy Driveralph wants to know:can someone tell me of a file splitter to floppy drive 1.44Ken Blake says:Winzip, and almost every other zip program (including my favorite--ZipMagic), lets you span a single zip file across multiple diskettes. In this instance, that spanning function is more important than its zipping function.Kyote adds:Also, you can use Winrar. It gives you the option to choose how big you want each compressed file to be. Also, there is a program called (funny) File Splitter. Sorry Mate. That's not a flame at you. It just struck me as funny is all. Here, try this link:http://www.softdd.com/filesplt/ ######################################## 8) Tips for Front Page ExpressAnnie's "Tips for Front Page Express" Pagehttp://www.annieshomepage.com/tips.html ######################################## 9) Help Understanding RAMKyote asks:help understanding Ram256MB (32x64) PC133 DIMM Memory256MB (32x72) PC133 ECC DIMM MemoryDeMoN LaG writes:Non ECC and ECC. ECC is Error Correcting Circuitry. Basically, if a minor error happens that makes the data in the RAM invalid, it can correct it without your system ever knowing something was wrong. Non ECC wont know the data is corrupted and the system will either crash or continue on with corrupted data. ECC is more expensive, as it requires an extra chip on each module. More than likely, ECC would only be useful in a server environment, where data integrity is 100% critical. Worst case scenario to a home user is a program crashes. On a server that means that potential money is lost every second the server is not running. ######################################## 10) Floppy Drive Doesn't Workfar7134 asks:I have an ibm laptop and both the cdrom and floppy drive don't work. The A drive went out and whenever I try to read any floppy it tells me the disk in drive A is not formatted do you want to format it now. Of course formatting doesn't work. I've had this problem before on another ibm laptop and the cure was to have the floppy replaced. I haven't had the time to do it yet so I don't know if that is the case.*** 75% of the time if you use a Floppy Drive Cleaning Kit from the "Dollar Store" or any computer store and that will fix it. It's basically just a bottle of cleaning fluid and a 1.44 disk with a white soft felt like disk in place of the standard magnetic media. You liberally put the liquid on the disk rotating it as you apply the fluid. Then you put the disk in the drive and do a Dir over and over again. What is happening is basically the same as cleaning tape heads with cleaning fluid. The wet felt disk comes in contact with the floppy head and removes the dirt and grime. Remove the cleaning disk and wait 5 minutes before you use the drive. Keep in mind that any of the disks you put in while the drive was dirty may have been ruined so try a different disk.It's an interesting question really as it's one of the reasons I started Bootdisk.Com. I'd be on the road and ruin a bootdisk or a util disk due to a dirty drive. After cleaning the drive other disks would work but not the ones I needed as they themselves pulled dirt off the heads. So I partly made the site to download the utils I needed at the job site when disks in my collection were ruined by dirty drives. +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ Click Here to subscribe to The BootLISTClick Here to UNsubscribe to The BootLISTOr just send a note to service@bootdisk.com with ADD in the Subject Lineto subscribe or REMOVE in the Subject Line to UNsubscribe.Thanks. Ed Jablonowskihttp://www.bootdisk.com/bootlist.htm ^^^http://www.bootdisk.com/ Newsletter 007The BootLISTWelcome to the 7th edition of The BootLIST.INDEX 1) Holy Texture Units, Batman!2) What Is A "cluster"3) Locking Up In The BIOS4) Anti-Virus Impact5) Failed Modem Install In Windows Me6) What's A Low Profile Case7) File Splitter For Floppy Drive [MORE]8) My Audio CDs I Made Sound Like 78 Records9) 2 PC Network Not Working10) Is A P75 Any Good ######################################## 1) Holy Texture Units, Batman!DeMoN LaG said:Reactorcritical.com:And the final "Boombastic" for the rival, the RADEON 9x00 will be show cased, according to GZeasy , in May and launched in September. The core will have 8 rendering pipelines with 3 TMU per each one and will be fully DirectX 9 compatible (Pixel Shaders 2.0; Vertex Shaders 2.0). The chip itself will be clocked at 350 MHz and manufactured using 0.13 micron technology. Of course, the faster 128 MB at 400 MHz memory configuration will be involved in the new product.8 pipelines times 3 texture units = 24 textures per clock cycle!! Ah!!! As a comparison, the GF3 has 4 pipelines with 2 TMU's each. Seems like ATI is going to kick some dirt on nVidia's shoes and say "Hey punk, wanna tango?" Man, can't wait until September for this one, I'd love to see benchmarks of it (though it will probably cost like$500 when it comes out :/ )########################################
2) What Is A "cluster"koolking asks:I am trying to understand exactly what a "cluster" is. I've looked in several online computer dictionaries but none of them clarified the term for me. As I understand it, a "cluster" is a group of contiguous sectors. Does that mean a row of sectors on a platter is a cluster? Does it mean all the sectors in a row in a cylinder is a cluster? Does it mean all the sectors on a track are a cluster? Or, as one definition suggested, is a "cluster" simply all the sectors used to store a file regardless of where they are on a disk. If all this sounds confused it's because I am confused. I'd appreciate any clarifications anyone could offer.Thor first says:Clusters (AKA "allocation units") are groups of "sectors", and the clusters that comprise the stored files, can be on any part of the disk. It is up to the FAT table to keep track of all the clusters that are allocated to a given file, and their locations.koolking writes back:Thank you for responding but I am still confused. Does that mean any group of 8 sectors (in this case) is a cluster and it doesn't really matter where they are on the hard drive? IOW any 8 sectors scattered anywhere all over the hard drive and nowhere near each other can still be a cluster if the computer uses them that way?Thor replies:To my knowledge, individual clusters must be made up of contiguous sectors, however multiple clusters that are allocated to an individual file, can reside anywhere on the disk. When that happens, the file is "fragmented", because all the clusters that are used by the file aren't in a contiguous block. Defragmenting takes the data from those scattered clusters, and moves it to unallocated clusters that are in contiguous blocks.
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3) Locking Up In The BIOSkingdruman wrote:a few months ago i had experienced it "freezing up" in the bios.*** Sometimes we neglect that the CPU fan can be at fault. In other words, if your system is locking up as soon as you start it up and go into the BIOS remove the CPU fan power connector and restart the PC just to see if a bad CPU fan motor or power circuit is the culprit.Generally this is only something to check for only if you are building a brand new system.
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4) Anti-Virus ImpactBoB talks about anti-virus programs:I have some rules for my computer like NO spyware, for instance, and from my experience:Installed NAV, 1300 directories and files added - uninstalledInstalled AVP, 2000+ registry entries added - uninstalledInstalled AVG, 73 dirs and files, 48 reg entries - Kept it.AVG and F-Prot for DOS, both free, are frequently updated, do not cause system problems and are widely used among the knowledgeable who don't BUY shareware unless there is no other option.*** BoB used a program called InControl5 to monitor what the various software installs added to his system. The point of me including this item in the BootLIST is to show some of the technical differences between the various anti-virus programs.Many PC "gurus" like BoB might argue that if program X can do the same thing as program Y but with half the registry entries than program X is a better written application and will be less likely to cause system trouble later on. Think about it this way, if you have to manually search the registry to tweak and/or completely remove an anti-virus program would you rather have 48 keys to search through or 2000 keys?
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5) Failed Modem Install In Windows MeCuzzy asks in the Guestbook:I've recently moved up to WinME and updated all my drivers. I've mistakenly updated my modem with a 'generic' driver which is useless and now is in the 'Windows Hardware Database' I'm having a lot of trouble trying to install my old driver which works perfectly, as windows insists on installing the 'generic driver' How can I remove this 'generic' modem driver from my system and the 'Hardware Database'?*** The Hardware Database is not your problem. First, boot to Safe Mode and remove all instances of any modems in Device Manager. Second, read the Docs on how to install your modem in Me. Third, you say you "updated" all your drivers then you say "my old driver which works perfectly". If your old driver was for your _old_ OS then there is no reason to believe it will "work perfectly" with Windows Me.Some modems even require that you install the ware before you even physically install it. And, modem makers these days are coming out with special utils to completely remove "failed install files and registry entries" associated with such. It may pay to visit the website of your modem maker.
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9) 2 PC Network Not WorkingStacyHDD asks in email:Hi...I set up a peer2peer Client For Microsoft Networks network with a hub and three comps in my house no problem......But when I did it in my dorm room nothing works....The computers do not even see them selves in Network Neighborhood.....What gives I used the same patch cables I used before....Please help me...TIA*** You need a "cross over" type cable for connecting two PCs NIC to NIC. It looks the same as a regular CAT5 cable except that wires 1 and 3, and 2 and 6 are switched on one RJ connector.
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10) Is A P75 Any Goodbudweezzer22 asks in email:My boss gave me a P75 system with 32 megs of ram and a 1.6 gigger drive and windoze 95 can I put windoze 98 upgrade on and play games online and do my aol and put the new games on he said it would work.
*** Not likely. For Windows 98 and most games you want at least 64 RAM, a 4 gig C: partition, at least a 233MMX CPU and at least a 4 MEG video card.
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1) How To Remove Bad Entries From Add/RemoveHooter asks - There are programs listed in my control panel Add/Remove programs which are no longer installed on my pc. They still appear in the list, when I click on the program to remove It is unable to locate (obviously not installed anymore) Is there a way of removing these from the Add/Remove list in control panel.*** tweakUI is a non-invasive application that you can use to remove those entries. Download the file from here to a newly created folder you make on your C: drive:http://www.microsoft.com/windowsme/guide/tweakui.exeNow click to unpack it. Make sure that you have Explorer set to view all files and NOT to hide any file types for that folder. Then right click on the *.inf file and a menu will appear so choose install. You'll find an icon in Control Panel to run it. Choose the Add/Remove tab and select the entry you want to delete.
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5) 60ns VS 70ns EDO SimmsTodd asks in USEnet - I know on paper it makes a difference but would I have success using 72 pin EDO 60ns (widely available and cheap) [or] 72 pin EDO 70ns (harder to find)?*** Well, there's really no way for you to notice 10 nanoseconds. Either type should work in your motherboard assuming it was designed to handle EDO. However if your board was made when only FPM was available, either speed of EDO may or may not work. Sometimes you just have to use FPM in the first generation of Pentium I class systems.Besides the FPM question, I'd be more concerned for that a new pair of EDO simms would get along with an old pair of any type as chances are that you have 4, 72 pin RAM slots.
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6) MSN Password Not Workingkevin inquires - cannot get msn to accept any password*** The first thing to do is to NOT do anything but wait a half a day at least to see if your ISP will fix either its log on or email problem. There is no golden rule that says your ISP has to be 100% reliable 24/7. Chances are that if you are having a log on problem so are thousands of others and your ISP is already aware of it.
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7) Where Did My Hard Drive Space GoTheThurmanator wants to know - I have over a small period of time download freeware programs (over the net) and have loaded up my hard drive. So I did a little house keeping and uninstalled most of them thro my (control Panel) addremove program. But when I go to the My Computer Icon and hit drive C: (I hit properties) it still shows that I have used up a lot of space. So my questions is how do I get back some of that hard disk memory?*** There are many utilities that can show you where the bulk of your files are and what folders consume the largest amount of space. Personally, I like to use Directory Sizes:Directory Sizes 1.4 [From the file_id.diz]Do you remember trying to clear disk space, and getting frustrated that you don't know where to look for unneeded files?With this utility, you can see which directory subtrees are consuming the most space, and then investigate if that space usage is warranted. It's simple and very useful. For Windows 95/98 and NT. Freeware by Amir Gevahttp://www.simtel.net/pub/pd/13805.htmlps. I cant tell you how tickled I am that Simtel.Net is using the word Ware for Software :)########################################
8) Memory Test Faileda.mcbride asks in USEnet - When I [used to] boot up my system does a memory test which is ok. Then it detects HDD primary master and slave, then it detects a secondary master and slave with no problems. Normally it then boots into windows after detecting my sound card.However it has just started before it detects the sound card to tell me that memory test failed and to press F1 to continue . When I press F1 all seems ok however my system does not seem to be working quite as well as it usually does. I changed my internal battery with no effect.Does any one know is my problem likely to be due software or hardware conflicts or problems?I have also done a format of my C drive reinstalled win 98 and IE 6*** A format and Windows reinstall was unwarranted. The BIOS memory "test" is basically just a memory count, NOT a test. The solution sounds as simple as reseating your RAM cards because it sounds like your PC is simply not seeing one of them.
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9) Make Win 98 Program Menu Look Like It Did In Win 95GhOsT posts - Is there a quick way to make your Windows 98 menu view in a couple of columns like it did in Windows 95 instead of it scrolling ?*** Yeah but it's an impossible registry tweak to memorize. I did manage to find it again tho and just tested the tweak and it does work.Click Start, then Run. Type Regedit, then click OK.In the Registry Editor, click the plus signs to expand the following key:HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\explorerWithin the explorer folder, click the Advanced folder once to select it.Right-click an unoccupied area in the right hand pane. Click New, then String Value.In the name box that appears, erase New Value #1 and type StartMenuScrollPrograms (all one word), then press Enter.Right-click the name you just created, then click Modify. In the Value data box: type false, then click OK. Click Registry, then Exit to close the Registry Editor.*** There are many tweaking programs that do this type of registry changes for you. One of the better ones is X-Setep available below. Keep in mind the site below is not Netscape friendly:http://www.xteq.com/
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10) Random Boot Disk Error On A Cold BootDean asks - I am getting a random boot disk error on a cold boot. It always corrects itself with a quick restart. Should I be looking for or expecting bigger problems with such a warning?? Everything else is tweaked very tight, with few programs set to launch on startup with Win 98SE.*** As hard drives get on in age they often take more time to spin up to speed and be ready to read the Startup files at POST. See if you can disable something called "quick boot" or like language in the BIOS. Or do as DeMoN LaG suggests:"Try searching for an option in your BIOS similar to "Delay IDE for...". Set it to 3 seconds. It sounds as though your hard drive is not having enough time to initialize itself".
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Click Here to subscribe to The BootLISTClick Here to UNsubscribe to The BootLISTOr just send a note to service@bootdisk.com with ADD in the Subject Lineto subscribe or REMOVE in the Subject Line to UNsubscribe.Thanks. Ed Jablonowskihttp://www.bootdisk.com/bootlist.htm ^^^http://www.bootdisk.com/ Newsletter 009The BootLISTWelcome to the 9th edition of The BootLIST. Standard EditionINDEX 1) I Have A Computer That Won't Boot At All2) I Need A Diagnostic Utility3) Old PC Wont Boot4) Compaq Memory Upgrade5) IE 6 Crashing6) Press Any Key To Reboot7) Files In The Recycle Folder Wont Delete8) Intro To Faxing With Cable Modems9) Cable 128kbps Uploads Cap10) How To Clean Your Monitor
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1) I Have A Computer That Won't Boot At AllMacaw Gumbo asks in the Guestbook - I have a computer that won't boot at all. Nothing will show up on the screen the power is fine because the lights turn on and the drive spins, but even with nothing hooked up it won't boot. I need HELP!!! It's an AST Advantage! Adventure 8120p Intel Pentium 120 MHz*** When you say "nothing hooked up" I hope you also mean that you have already removed all your cards except for video and ram [tho I recall that on most ASTs the video is onboard]. In other words, if you don't get a POST screen at all you also have to disconnect your IDE and floppy cables and all perifs connected in back to begin the troubleshooting process . That's the first step to troubleshooting a "no video" problem.
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2) I Need A Diagnostic Utilitymcp6453 asks - I need a recommendation for a diagnostic utility that really rings out computer hardware. On several recent occasions, I've taken a customer's computer back to Gateway because of random problems that we could not isolate. They ran some of their proprietary utilities that revealed defective hardware. I'd like to know what commercially available utilities of this type are available.
*** There is NO perfect utility. The $299 and$450 ones that actually come on a floppy from some real cute sounding voice from a Florida USA tele-marketing firm are rarely any better than shareware diags like:http://www.hwinfo.com/html/download.htmlYou're not going to be able to download a utility that can properly test if your motherboard is bad no matter how long you look.
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3) Old PC Wont BootDenise asks - We have an old pc that we don't use and which won't boot so I thought I'd have a go at doing a clean install of win 98 or even XP (just to see if I can do it) but I don't really know where to start. There isn't anything of importance on pc by the way.*** Go into the BIOS and if the date is wrong and if so replace the CMOS battery first. Then see if the PC can detect and remember what hard drive is installed. Check if the hard drive is any good. Boot up with a bootdisk and fdisk it and format it. If format stalls on a bad area than at least you know your first step is to find a new or used replacement HDD [Hard Disk Drive].
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4) Compaq Memory UpgradeRMHill with a Compaq asks - I want to upgrade the memory in a friends PC. Its a Compaq Deskpro 2000. It takes the 168 pin Dimms. However if I put in PC100 32MB the memory counts twice as much and windows will not load. If I remove the old memory the machine will not boot at all. Completely dead. C'tspd reports missing dimm or dimm info if I try run it on the old memory. What I need to know is the type of memory this machine requires.*** There is [should be] a jumper set next to the battery, usually 3 pins on Compaqs, move it over a pin for a minute to zero the system. Then move it back and the PC should boot up. A feature of Compaq it that in many cases only certain brands of ram will work. I've often read other techs say that Micron is one brand that usually works fine in a Compaq. Many other techs just give in and order additional ram from Compaq.Another option is to order RAM from a dedicated RAM retailer like:http://www.18004memory.com/As they know which brands of RAM will work best in proprietary PCs like Compaqs. There are a dozen other good retailers that specialize in RAM as well.
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5) IE 6 Crashingjtan inquires - DO any of you guys experience IE6 crashing all of a sudden...while browsing? I have that problem. Any thoughts on how to solve this problem?
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6) Press Any Key To RebootBlair emails - Great site! I have built my first PC(Just put it together really) and am now attempting to revive an older pc. I have stumbled through getting it to recognize my HD and floppy. But now when I boot up all it tells me is "Press any key to Reboot". Do I have to manually install Dos? CPU Type-80486DX2s*** It depends if you want to save the data on the drive or not. If not as I suspect, then boot with a start disk for the OS you eventually want to install and remove any existing partitions using fdisk. Then recreate a primary partition, format it, and do a sys c: command to make it bootable.This page will guide you through the fdisk and formatting procedures:http://aaa/By the way, what happens when you do a:sys c:After booting up with a proper bootdisk is that the DOS system files are transferred to the proper place on your hard drive thus making it bootable. Then when you restart and the PC boots from the hard drive you are actually running the version of DOS that you transferred over.
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7) Files In The Recycle Folder Wont DeleteMark asks in USEnet - I have a number of files that will not delete from the recycle bin and these files are taking up about 1 GB of space, which I really need the room for..
*** Open a DOS box and type:cd.. then Enter which will take you to the root directory C: Then type deltree recycled and hit Enter and answer Yes.The recycled folder will be vanished. An empty one will be recreated on the next reboot.
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8) Intro To Faxing With Cable ModemsTodd asks in USEnet - Is it possible to send faxes with a cable modem setup? If so what software would you use? I tried looking with Copernic but couldnt find anything.Thor replies: Cable "modems" aren't modems in the normal sense of the word. They are nothing more than network devices. Since they don't interface with an actual phone line, you can't send a fax directly to another fax machine with one. You can however send faxes using internet fax software. Since you are using the cable modem to access the internet, then you are (in a roundabout way) using the cable modem to send faxes.
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10) How To Clean Your MonitorFingerprints, smoke stains, beer stains. It doesn't matter. Use a "glass cleaner" like Windex or whatever and paper towels. Spray the cleaner on the paper towel and then wipe the surface. DO NOT SPRAY DIRECTLY ON THE MONITOR.
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Click Here to subscribe to The BootLISTClick Here to UNsubscribe to The BootLISTOr just send a note to service@bootdisk.com with ADD in the Subject Lineto subscribe or REMOVE in the Subject Line to UNsubscribe.Thanks. Ed Jablonowskihttp://www.bootdisk.com/bootlist.htm ^^^http://www.bootdisk.com/ Newsletter 010The BootLISTWelcome to the 10th edition of The BootLIST. XP EditionINDEX 1) How Do I Turn Off 'Send Report'2) I Can Only Save Pics As .BMPs3) Astra Umax 1220P Scanner Help4) Hidden Folders And How To Unhide Them5) Fresh XP Install Problem6) Encrypted Files Nightmare7) DOS Games In XP8) NTFS or FAT32 Partition9) IE 6 Repair10) XP Shutdown Not Working
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1) How Do I Turn Off 'Send Report"zzz asks - "Windows explorer has encountered a problem and needs to close" - How do I turn off 'Send Report', permanentlyStooovie says:Press WinKey+Pause/Break or right-click My computer and select properties, then go to Advanced, Error reporting and there you are.Catatonic suggests:The error reporting runs as a service so you'll need to go to the "control panel" and open up the "administrative tools". In there you'll see another icon labelled "services", open this one up and you'll see a listing of services that are\can be run on your computer. Look for the one called "Error Reporting Service" and double click it. Change the startup type to "disabled" and click "OK". You may need to reboot to make it take effect, but this shouldn't be necessary.Rayxen slides in:Right click My computer -> Properties -> Advanced -> Error Reporting -> Disable Error Reporting -> Notify me when critical errors occur.
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2) I Can Only Save Pics As .BMPsJay inquires - I've got a strange problem under XP Pro. Whenever I right-click on a picture under Internet Explorer or Outlook Express and choose "save file as...", the only option for me is to save it as a .BMP file.I can no longer save pictures in their original format (i.e. very often JPG). I haven't got a clue how it happened, everything was fine yesterday! Has anyone seen that before? What can I do? I've tried system restore but the problem still remains...Leony suggests:Try deleting your temporary Internet files (dunno what it is called in the English version, mine is Danish, I've tried translating the terms to what I think they could be called in the English version - hope it helps). Get there by opening IE, then click "function" (the dropdownmenu next to help), select your Internet settings (the option in the bottom), in the window that appears your temporary Internet files (maybe Internet cache) is located in the middle on the general tab, try hitting delete or empty. Then restart.*** Leony is correct cleaning our your temp files is always one of the first things you should try with any version of Windows if you suddenly encounter an odd problem when you've made no changes to your system.
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3) Astra Umax 1220P Scanner HelpW Hall writes - Is there any thing that I can do to get this to work under XP. thanks in advance. Tried the software for 1220 S but no luck.Michael T replies:Go here and download the updater for your scanner.http://www.umax.de/support/drivers.htmThat will bring you to a download page in german. Download the Programmdateien file (8.5MB). This will be vistascan 3.55p (vs355p.exe). Extract it and run vssetup.exe from disk 1 folder. Reboot. As far as I can tell by the translation, with any luck you will have a device in device manager with a yellow exclamation point in unknown devices (If it's not there, try adding the device through add/remove hardware). What you want to do is double-click on it, select driver, update driver. Now you want to navigate through the process so you can manually select the driver you want to install. Don't let windows search for the device, select from a list. You'll want to select "imaging device". This should bring you to a device driver window, where you'll want to click on the "have disk". Point to the disk 1 folder. It should find the setup.inf file. This is the file with the driver info. Install it and with any luck it will work.
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4) Hidden Folders And How To Unhide ThemHugo W asks - My anti-virus software talks about a Trojan being found in a very long file named stored in;C:\system volume information\_restore{blah blah blah blahI cannot find this directory through Explorer or DOS [command prompt] tho! What does it contain exactly? and how can I get my hands into it?!?!!nelly says:This folder is system hidden, to see it you will have to open windows explorer and go to "Tools-folder Options" and select to show all files even system files. Answer yes to the "are you sure " message and then System Volume Information will be visible.
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5) Fresh XP Install ProblemRichard B asks - I am trying to install Windows XP on a used Dell Latitude Laptop. The owner of the laptop bought it with no software, and a clean Hard Drive. He also bought the Home version of Windows XP.I have booted to DOS from a Windows 98 boot disk. Partitioned and formatted the Hard Drive, using FAT32 (its only 20g, so that will be fine)When I insert the Windows XP CD, of course, it will not autorun, so I tried starting it by entering F:\setup (F is the CD drive letter) Whereupon I receive the message: This program cannot be run from DOS mode.BubbaJay answers:Boot from the floppy first with cd rom support. Change to the i386 directory and run winnt.exe. this will start the install, part way through the install xp will as for proof of an existing os, pop your favorite flavor of 98 in and that should do it.
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6) Encrypted Files Nightmarepravin_sr inquires - I've some files encrypted using Windows XP encryption feature. After that process the user who encrypted the files was accidently removed by the administrator. Now even the administrator can't decrypt those files using the decryption options. The certificate using which I decrypted the files is lost for ever from the system. Is there any technique for decrypting the files, without using certificates and user-id's? ANybody know about it Please mail me. I spent much time before the system to retrieve it. But all becomes in vain.Stephen W says:If you haven't got the certificates then the files are lost.Unless you wanna hire out all the supercomputers in all the world for thousands of years to go through all the different possibilities of the key.
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7) DOS Games In XPMike G posts - I am trying to run a dos game called X-com Apocalypse, however i cannot get it to work, if anyone knows of a dos emulator or some great way of making dos progs [run on] XP?bradinski says:What I do is boot up with the boot disk (made by formatting a disk, selecting copy system files) and then run the program that way.Jarod adds:You may also want to try right clicking on the programs icon, clicking on properties, and going to compatibility. Try running it with 95 or 98 compatibility..... or dual-booting [to] another OS.
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8) NTFS or FAT32 PartitionDavid F asks - I just recently got WindowsXP. Is it better to partition the drive to FAT32 or NTFS? And why?*** For the "extra" NT security features use NTFS. For ease of maintaining the system and getting data back in a crash use FAT32. Personally, I'd never use NTFS for a typical home user system.
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9) IE 6 RepairLenBum asks - Is there any way to do a repair on IE 6 in Windows XP? A Google search turned up only repairing IE in previous Microsoft versions.Jarod suggests:You can repair all of xp including ie by clicking start, run, and typing "SFC /Scannow" without quotes. It may take a while, and you'll need your windows cd though...*** Just another reminder. IE is _part_ of Windows. It is NOT a separate web browser. It's just an included feature of XP.
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10) XP Shutdown Not WorkingChRiS wrote - I've just had to reinstall windows on my laptop because of some f*** up fault. Before when i shut it down it shut down completely - now that I've reinstalled windows it only shuts down to a screen which says "It is now safe to turn off your computer".There must be a way to get it to shut itself down automatically?!!?devnullius replies:Lot's of possibilities here... But start withhttp://www.aumha.org/a/shtdwnxpz.htm
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Click Here to subscribe to The BootLISTClick Here to UNsubscribe to The BootLISTOr just send a note to service@bootdisk.com with ADD in the Subject Lineto subscribe or REMOVE in the Subject Line to UNsubscribe.Thanks. Ed Jablonowskihttp://www.bootdisk.com/bootlist.htm
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http://www.bootdisk.com/ Newsletter 011The BootLISTWelcome to the 11th edition of The BootLIST. Standard EditionMy first XP Edition aka Issue #10 was big hit so I'm going to keep it going. So what I will do for now is alternate the issues, one XP Edition followed by one Standard Edition. I'll make it clear in the Subject Line the difference.
INDEX
1) Floppy Formats
3) Low System Resources
4) Possible Virus Damage
5) Machine Debug Manager
6) 14 Beeps With New Motherboard
7) NTFS Or FAT32 For Dual Boot
8) ZIP Files
9) Power Cord Was Loose - Now No Boot
10) ATX Power Supply Question
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1) Floppy FormatsHRGUTMAN asks in email - Sent back some (under warranty) defective 3.5" Imation disks 3.5" a while back, the manufacturer sent me some replacements that are labeled 2HD 2.0 MB. The HD is also stamped as usual on the plastic disk. But these new disks (have not bought any in years, who has) actually say 2.0 MB, not the old 1.44. Is there any way to format them to 2.0 instead of 1.44? I am using 98SE, and there is apparently no way to format 3.5s except 1.44 and 720.*** All standard 3 1/2 inch floppy disks are 2.0 megs unformatted. When you format a floppy some space is actually used for the formatting information so you can never get 2 megs for your data out of them. There are however, many utilities you can use for a choice of format capacity. I like to use Winimage:http://www.winimage.com/winimage.htm
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2) Cleaning Your Monitor [MORE]Omer S. adds in relation to Item 10 in Issue 9 -http://www.bootdisk.com/bootlist/009.htm#10I want to add something to "how to clean your monitor" (bootlist #9) some monitors (like mine, mag 786FD) have a special anti-radiation coating which HAS to be cleaned with a soft cloth and maybe a little soap water.
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4) Possible Virus DamageDarryl S. posted - Anybody know why this happened? My computer was acting weird, so I went online (on another computer) and paid the $32 and downloaded McAfee virus scan 6.02. After transferring it to the suspect computer, I clicked on the file. No messages appeared on my screen, but the disk access light lit and showed activity for about 45 minutes. After everything was quiet for a time, I rebooted the computer. Now the computer just says "no operating system present, replace disk". If anyone has any information that can shed light on what happened I would appreciate it!Thor comments:You could have had a virus that infected the executable file as soon as you attempted to run it (that's how many viruses that infect executables work). It is highly doubtful that the Mcafee software itself was to blame.The problem with installing windows antivirus software on an already INFECTED system is that you risk the antivirus program, or the installer itself becoming infected, or an adverse reaction when attempting to install antivirus software. Some viruses are designed to look for antivirus software, and will react to it in different ways. Some may try and prevent you from installing it, some may try to hide itself, some may actually attempt to delete the antivirus program, or other files.I'd say that whatever was on your computer prior to attempting the install was what ate your computer for lunch, not Mcafee. And, if you haven't checked your hard drive for problems, you should. Although it doesn't sound from the sequence of events like a hardware issue as the possible cause to all of this rather than a virus, it still could be, so check the hard drive with a bootdisk, and scandisk, and see if it is ok. ######################################## 5) Machine Debug ManagerBlack Knight asks - every time I boot 98 i get these really long files appearing in the windows directory? umm they are all tmp files........yeah here is onefffe2f27_{ae77292-26fg-11050-888ijf846d78dj}.tmpI keep deleting, they keep coming back. what are they????? oh and there are 2 every time I boot so if left unchecked they end up being a lot of [them].Richard :\) replies:They are created by MDM aka (machine debug manager) See here for info and removal instructions. Use IE to view page.http://www.forrestandassociates.co.uk/pcforrest/mdm.htm ######################################## 6) 14 Beeps With New MotherboardJim asks - I got a new motherboard and i'm getting 14 beeps when booting up. (The monitor is not going on)I'm getting 2 short beeps, 9 normal, 2 short and then 1 normal.I can't find it on any bios beep tables. Anyone got a clue?HarleyDude says:Not knowing your bios manufac, check here on google. There are many cross reference sites:http://makeashorterlink.com/?E1FE2027*** Thanks Harley for providing the references. On the other hand, the fact that Jim is getting beeps is a good initial sign that the motherboard and processor are OK. I'd also like to add that in the 7 years that I've been fixing and building new PCs every time I heard multiple beeps in a row it was always that the video card or the RAM wasn't seated properly, or the RAM just wasn't compatible with the system. Also, with some cases it's hard to get the AGP video card seated properly. If you look at the contacts on the bottom of the card you'll see how close they are to each other when compared to PCI or ISA cards.Also, when troubleshooting a problem like this, you start by only having your ram, video card, and CPU in the motherboard. Make sure all other cards and data cables are removed as you may fix the beeps but still have no video if another card is in wrong or the IDE cable is in backwards. Address one problem at a time. ######################################## 7) NTFS Or FAT32 For Dual BootChris wants to know - I am going to dual boot (once again) Win 98SE and XP Pro. My 98 partition is FAT32. Can I make the XP partition NTFS are do they both have to be FAT32? This wont be a fresh install at this time I am just going to put XP on D as 98 is on C.DeMoN LaG states:You can make the XP partition be NTFS. Win 98 wont be able to read it, though*** In other words, if you make the XP partition NTFS you will able to read all the files on both drive letters if you boot to XP, but if you boot to Win98 you will only be able to see the files on the Win98 drive letter. In this case I suggest FAT32 for both drive letters. ######################################## 8) ZIP FilesCrazeeT asks in email - What do you recommend for handling ZIP files?*** I used to be a Winzip registered user but I use UltimateZip now:http://www.ultimatezip.com/ ######################################## 9) Power Cord Was Loose - Now No Bootsugafist posts - I recently began to notice a disturbing trend in my computer (clone P2 233mhz). Whenever the power cord (connected to the power supply) was nudged, the machine would turn off. Mind youm the cord fit somewhat loosely into the machine. Now the machine refuses to start at all. No light, nothing.I'm guessing a short or a power supply. If it's the supply, what's the ballpark price and would it be worth it?Thor suggests:Ballpark price,$30-35 bucks. You have an old machine, but that isn't too much to keep it going. I wouldn't spend over 50 bucks to fix that machine, if something else breaks. I would try another power cord first.Ekal B. adds:I would try a new cord. If that doesn't do it, I suspect you do not have a "short" but rather an intermittant "open". If the cord has been wiggled or pushed against a lot, the solder connections to the power cord socket (inside the power supply) may have cracked.*** An easy way to test if the PC cord is bad without going to the store and buying another is just to use the power cord from your monitor and at least you can hear if the PC is now getting power.
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10) ATX Power Supply QuestionMichael A. inquires - I recently had a power supply go bad on me so I had to replace it. My current ATX motherboard has 2 connectors on in, which were connected to the old power supply. One has 20 "holes" or openings and the other connector has six, which consist of 2 rows of 3. My q uestion is this, I bought a new power supply, which says on the box for ATX. The new power supply has the regular 20 hole connector to connect to the motherboard but lacks the connector with 6 holes to plug into the motherboard. The computer still appears to boot up with no problem. What is this extra 6 hole connector and will I have any problems for not having anything to connect to the motherboard for that?*** Interesting question. You have a P4 I'm guessing which has the 2 different power connectors to it ie to the motherboard. Now you have me wondering what the extra 6 pin connector actually does.Thor comes back:The extra connector supplies two extra 3.3V, and one extra 5V source. I believe this takes some of the load burden off the main 3.3, and 5V supplies in P4 systems. The ATX spec states "It is recommended that a motherboard requiring a 250, or 300watt power supply, use the auxilliary power connector. If the board has the socket, I would get an ATX 2.03 spec power supply that has the connector.V W Wall says:The six pin connector is called an "Auxillary Connector" and is as follows:COM Black pins 1-2-3+3.3V Orange pins 4-5+5V Red pin 6It is used to supply extra power to the MB without incurring the voltage drop from the main (20 pin) connector. It seems obvious that your MB has parallel connections between these voltages. Depending on how much power the board needs, it may not make any difference, but I'd check it out with the MB maker, or get a ps with the extra connector. The extra voltage drop could be serious.
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Click Here to subscribe to The BootLISTClick Here to UNsubscribe to The BootLISTOr just send a note to service@bootdisk.com with ADD in the Subject Lineto subscribe or REMOVE in the Subject Line to UNsubscribe.Thanks. Ed Jablonowskihttp://www.bootdisk.com/bootlist.htm
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http://www.bootdisk.com/ Newsletter 012The BootLISTWelcome to the 12th edition of The BootLIST. XP Edition
INDEX
1) Backup Feature In Home Edition
2) Trojan And Zone Alarm In XP
3) DVD Movies Don't Play
4) Locked Out Of XP Pro
6) How To Turn Off XP Auto Dialing
7) Voodoo 3 And XP
8) CD ReWritables Not Detected
9) How To Change CD Drive Letters
10) MSCDEX Driver
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1) Backup Feature In Home EditionMinerva asks - You may know this. Windows XP Pro has a BACKUP feature, but HOME does not. Is there a way to install this feature in HOME? I have searched the MS knowledge bas, but cannot seem to find anything. Can you help?Ken B. replies:Not true. It isn't installed by default in Home, but it's on the CD, in valueadd\msft\ntbackup
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2) Trojan And Zone AlarmEvan inquires - My firewall (ZoneAlarm Pro) today alerted me that droognsngnld.exe was attempting to access the internet. This file is located in C:\winxp (my XP directory), and is hidden.Any information on this program? Deja, google and yahoo turned up no matches...Any idea on what this is?*** Many of the more common Trojans these days create random .exe filenames when they are generated to help avoid detection and removal. If a legit program attempts to access the internet you will see the name of the program in Zone Alarm. You should always say NO when Zone Alarms asks if a file like dkaldgoemvmxksd.exe wants access.I think it's time that you started using an updated anti-virus scanner.
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3) DVD Movies Don't PlaySteve posts - When I insert a DVD into the CD/DVD drive the following message appears: Windows Media Player cannot play this DVD because a compatible DVD decoder is not installed on your computer.Does it mean I need to further install something from the Windows XP disk or do I need special DVD player software? In either case please advise what steps need to be taken and how?David answers:You need to install DVD decoding software such as WinDVD or Power DVD or similar. Or you can install a hardware decoder card. Windows Media Player cannot play a DVD movie without a decoder.
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4) Locked Out Of XP Prowizard needs help - Friends of mine all of a sudden can't get into XP Prof. They did not set it up to need a password and it just booted directly to the desk top. Now it asks for a password and wont let them access their system. Help???? No separate desktops are setup or anything like that.Harry O. replies:Have they tried just pressing the Enter key? If all else fails looks here http://home.eunet.no/~pnordahl/ntpasswd/bootdisk.html
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5) Default Password Not Recognizedgharnett asks - After upgrading from 2000 Pro to XP Pro, the password I had been using for my default user is not being recognized in XP. Any solutions?Thorsten recommends:Re set the password. Log on as the Administrator and go to the Control Panel Administrative Tools Computer Management Users and Groups Users. Right-click the account and choose "Set password".
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6) How To Turn Off XP Auto DialingDave asks - In XP, how do I turn auto-dialling off? My computer connects to the Internet whenever it wants to and I need control!Andy says:Open IE click on tools internet options connectionsThen click on never dial a connection and then click on apply close IENow go to your Network Connections folder and create a shortcut for your internet connection, it should ask you to place it on your desktop...click ok and then drag it to your quicklaunch......then you connect only when you want to.Roofus adds:Run: services.mscRight-click Remote Access Autoconnection ManagerDisable.
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7) Voodoo 3 And XP127.0.0.1 asks - Is it true that the Voodoo 3 cards will not work on XP ???Thorodin firmly says:Not true, I got XP drivers for my Voodoo 3 2000 from here and it works fine.http://www.voodoofiles.com/Knocker adds:The best drivers i found were the amigamerlin2.0a drivers which you can get from http://www.voodoofiles.com/ which has support for opengl in xp which the official windows drivers dont!Todd buds in:WindowsXp has the drivers in the operating system. No need to download them. It will auto detect and install them automatically.Knocker replies:But those drivers dont support opengl and are therefore useless if you want to play any games!########################################
8) CD ReWritables Not DetectedTelly inquires - I just installed Win XP and the CD-RW drive will not read any of the disks which I created with Win98. However it does read pre-formated disks. Do I need to get a new driver for the CD-RW drive?*** No matter what OS you use, there was never any rule that said CD ReWritables are some standard format that should be able to be read on any PC with any OS. All important data should always be backed up to Writeables only.This is the same reason you don't burn your MP3s to a RW and expect it to play in your auto CD player or Boom Box.
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9) How To Change CD Drive Lettersrayzor asks - Is there any way to change cd drive lettersStephen W. says:Yup, go to computer managementRight click on my computer (from desktop or start menu) and choose manage then go to disk management on the left right click on the cd drive and select change drive letters and pathDave adds:Yep ! Select -StartControl PanelAdministrative ToolsComputer ManagementScroll down to the disk or CD you want to change. Right click while on drive you want to change select new drive letter. Job done
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10) MSCDEX DriverKiLleR needs - hi i'm looking for a MSCDEX driver for windows XP Pro? any body got one?*** The only thing mscdex.exe does in assign a drive letter to your CDrom in DOS _after_ the cdrom driver is loaded. mscdex.exe NOT a driver. The only purpose of any mscdex.exe file is to assign a drive letter. Personally, I wouldn't mess with trying to load mscdex.exe in XP.
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Click Here to subscribe to The BootLISTClick Here to UNsubscribe to The BootLISTOr just send a note to service@bootdisk.com with ADD in the Subject Lineto subscribe or REMOVE in the Subject Line to UNsubscribe.Thanks. Ed Jablonowskihttp://www.bootdisk.com/bootlist.htm
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http://www.bootdisk.com/ Newsletter 013The BootLISTWelcome to the 13th edition of The BootLIST. Standard Edition
INDEX
1) Will Adding 256 RAM Increase Performance
2) Will My Computer See A 40 GIG Hard Drive
3) What Are MSGSRV32 Errors
4) New Case Has No Power Outlet For My Monitor
5) What's A x86
6) I Need To Convert MP3s To Wavs
7) Content Advisor Prevents Accessing Web Pages
8) NT To Windows 98
9) How To Adjust Font Sizes In IE 5.5
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1) Will Adding 256 RAM Increase PerformanceAndy asks - How much performance increase will I see by adding a further 256mb of ddram to the 256mb I already have?I run win 98se and use my pc mainly for gaming and internet,It has a xp1600+ processorRon M. replies:Adding more memory will improve performance if, and only if, the added memory results in reduced usage of the virtual memory swap file. Therefore if the swap file is not being used to any significant extent then adding more memory will not provide a significant improvement.Use the System Monitor utility that comes with Windows and set it to track "Memory manager: Swap file in use" for several days of normal to heavy usage. If "Swap file in use" regularly shows as 20 mb or more then the swap file is being used extensively and more memory would result in improved performance.This applies regardless of how much or how little RAM is currently installed in the computer.
*** Directions here on how to install and use the System Monitor as it's NOT installed by default in Windows SE. [jimb]1a) For win98 - Control Panel, Add/Remove programs, Windows Setup, System Tools, Add System Monitor1b) For Win 95 - Control Panel, Add/Remove programs, Windows Setup, Accessories, Add System Monitor2) Run System Monitor, click Edit, Add item, Memory Manager, Swapfile size, OK.3) Leave System Monitor open and go about your day as normal4) Check the values for your Swapfile size (Size is given in bytes, divide by 1024 two times to get megs)
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3) What Are MSGSRV32 Errorsjimbernice1 wants to know - I just finished assembling a homebuilt system using a K7SEM SIS730S chipset. The system posts ok. I then tried installing Windows 98 on the system & everything goes OK up to the part where it is configuring Plug & Play devices. When it reboots it crashes or I should say it gets a MSGSRV32 fault then crashes. After numerous times of trying this & that ( I learned how to use a boot disk at least) I gave up for the day. Oh yes I was able to boot up into safe mode. L8r I went to microsoft's help site & learned that MSGSVR32 is associated with audio drivers & the fix for this problem.*** msgsrv32.dll is simply a MESSAGE SERVER. That's all it does. Most likely, Windows is simply having a problem with your sound card or modem. Remove them and see if Windows will boot up properly. Then add the sound card and/or modem one card at a time and see if that works.Again, the way to build a system at home is to first start with just the video card, RAM, and CPU installed. Then install Windows and make sure it works. Now add one card at a time and install the drivers for that card.You NEVER want to put in all your cards at once and roll the dice when building a system from scratch.
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4) New Case Has No Power Outlet For My MonitorJohn asks - I want to buy a new tower but they don't seem to have a power outlet for the monitor any more. Why ? Does this mean that monitors can't power down automatically on switch off any more?Thor says:The auxiliary power connector at the rear of PC power supplies was abandoned when the ATX standard was brought out about 6 years ago. I assume it is because the larger monitors that were becoming far more common really should have their own power cord, instead of ultimately drawing their current through the PC's power cord, and switch. However, this doesn't mean that monitors cannot shut down when the PC is shut down. Virtually all monitors made these days have power saving circuitry built in, and will kick into power saving mode when the video signal from the computer is lost.This power saving mode essentially shuts the monitor off with the exception of a monitoring circuit that watches for the signal from the PC, so it knows when to power back up. You can typically identify these modes of operation by the color of the power light on the front of the monitor. Green means the monitor is fully powered up, and yellow/amber means it is in power saving mode, and is for all intents and purposes, shut down.V W adds:The main reason for no monitor outlet in the tower, is that ATX power supplies don't shut down by opening a line switch on the front of the tower as did the old AT units. The computer sends a "power down" signal.An ATX power supply is still providing "standby" 5V output even when the computer has been shut down, unless it's disconnected from the ac power. This is to provide "wake on LAN" for a system that has been shut down. So unless you threw the ac power switch on the back of the tower, the monitor outlet would still be powered up. Some ATX power supplies don't even have a line switch.*** The new systems will also "Wake On Modem" if you have it set in the BIOS. Again, new PCs are ALWAYS ON unless you turn off the switch on the back of the power supply if your PC has one or turn off the Multi-Plug or Surge Protector that feeds your PC.
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5) What's A x86gonza posts - I started to use computer when i was very little and the first computer i had at home was a 286 with no harddrive and two floppy disc drives (anybody remember them?). 3 years later i had a new 486 with 500mb harddrive, color monitor and other cool things, it was the best back then. it wasnt until about 2 or 3 years later had i heard the term 'xxmhz' and eventually realize that my 486 was 66mhz. back then, my friends and i refer to computer's speed by x86, i.e. a 586 is faster than a 386, etc. so.. what is exactly is a x86?Ken B. answers:Just a model number. Before the days of the Pentium, the popular Intel processors used in PCS were as follows (leaving out the minor variations):808880286386486Before the Pentium actually came out, it was rumored to be called the 586, but Intel changed the name, calling it "Pentium" instead ("Pent" means "five" in Greek). Other competing manufacturers called some chips 586.Thor adds:"x86" traces it's roots back to the old 8086 processor in the original IBM PC. x86 is now commonly referred to when speaking of a CPU's support of that original architecture. The 286, 386, 486, Pentium, Pentium Pro, Pentium II, III, 4, and all of AMD's chips thus far are based on "x86" architecture. Intel is preparing to step away from x86 to a new 64 bit platform called "IA64".
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6) I Need To Convert MP3s To WavsBeck asks - I need to convert some mp3's into wav files. I used to use musicmatch which does a good job, but have found it to be a huge memory hog. Is there another similar program (other than winamp) that does the same job please?Steven suggests:Try dBpowerAMP http://www.dbpoweramp.com/
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8) NT To Windows 98anthony asks in email - I wonder whether you could help me. I am trying to install windows 98 on to a machine which currently has NT on. I don't mind if I lose everything on the hard drive. I want to get rid of NT completely. Could you possibly point me in the right direction?
*** This is a common question as many people are given or buy Windows NT PCs from their employers and they often have NT loaded onto a NTFS partition. Windows 98 can not install on that type of partition so you have to delete it first and then recreate a FAT32 partition. Boot with your Win 98 bootdisk and run fdisk. Choose Option #4 and see what it says. If it says "non-dos" partitions in either the Primary or Extended then then the disk was partitioned as NTFS.A standard Windows 98 bootdisk can remove a Primary NTFS "non-dos" partition but not a NTFS Logical Drive in an Extended partition. To remove NTFS Logical Drives I use either aefdisk or delpart. Both of these programs can be found in the DOS section of the bootdisk.com Utilities Page.After you remove the existing partitions reboot, [using your bootdisk] and create a standard FAT32 partition. Be sure to answer Y [Yes] when fdisk asks if you want to use "large disk support". Reboot again [using your bootdisk] and format the drive. Now create a folder on C: called win98. Copy all the files from the Win98 CD to that folder. Don't bother copying the 4 other folders within the win98 directory on the CD all you need are the 100 or so files.Now go back to c:\win98 and type setup and Enter. Windows will unpack the .cab files and install. This method saves lots of time in the end as you don't have to go looking for your CD when installing drivers or updates for example. Good luck.
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9) How To Adjust Font Sizes In IE 5.5Todd asks - Browsing the web....I noticed my font sizes have gotten smaller on the web pages. I have IE 5.5. How do I adjust the font size in IE?OGT says:On the toolbar, choose "View", then "Text size".Be aware this wont change all web pages, some pages set thier own font size & type.To over ride those fonts, choose "tools", then "Internet Options", under the "Advanced" tab, uncheck "Enable third party browser extensions" (Requires system restart).
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10) How To Mark Bad Areas On Your Hard DriveRMS posts - How do I make sure bad tracks on a hard disk are mapped out? Is it the FDisk, Format or Scandisk that does the trick?
*** I like to boot to DOS and run scandisk and let it do a Full Surface Scan. A map of your hard drive will appear and you'll see scandisk testing each area. If there are any bad areas found you can see where they are as they are marked. It's also a good idea to do a Full Surface Scan prior to any Windows re-install.You can of course, also run a "Thorough" scan using Windows scandisk which does the same thing without showing you a "map" of your hard drive.
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Click Here to subscribe to The BootLISTClick Here to UNsubscribe to The BootLISTOr just send a note to service@bootdisk.com with ADD in the Subject Lineto subscribe or REMOVE in the Subject Line to UNsubscribe.Thanks. Ed Jablonowskihttp://www.bootdisk.com/bootlist.htm
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http://www.bootdisk.com/ Newsletter 014The BootLISTWelcome to the 14th edition of The BootLIST. XP EditionINDEX 1) How To Delete Recent Docs In The Start Menu2) No XP CD With My New Compaq3) Does Office 97 Run On Windows XP4) Why Does XP Lose 10 Minutes Every Few Days5) Can I Use My Son's CD On My Computer6) Question About Outlook Express In WinXP7) Status Bar On Windows Explorer Will Not Stay On8) Can WordPerfect 5.1 For Dos Work In XP9) Old Monitor Doesn't Work With New PC10) A Few Ways To Dual Boot XP And 98
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1) How To Delete Recent Docs In The Start Menuspaceraider posts - How do I delete the recent documents list in start menu?jackfrosty says:Right-click the start menu, select properties, Start menu, customize, advanced, and press clear list.
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2) No XP CD With My New CompaqBob D. asks - I recently purchased a new Compaq P4 machine with XP installed, but after I opened the box I discovered there was no XP CD included. The only copy of XP was on the hard drive. There was an XP Cert. of Authenticity and a little XP booklet, but no CD and no information about how to obtain one. I have been unable to find any information about this on the MS site.Is this usual or unusual? Does anyone know if I can obtain a CD from MS or do I have to buy it again if I need to reinstall?
*** That is a common feature of most Major Brand PCs. The original OS files are either on a separate partition on your hard drive [sometimes hidden], included in a separate folder on C:, and/or are included in a proprietary image format on the "Restore CD" that most often comes with such Major Brands.Beck says:Its not the norm in ready made pc's but is the norm in certain manufacturers like Compaq and Dell - they provide restore cd's which are just as good.Lessthan0 replies:I disagree [with Beck]. The most useful thing is to have the OS CDs in hand. Then, you can do a clean install if you want or just reinstall the OS and save your data. Less useful is a restore CD because it destroys your data, which you have to first backup and reload, and it also destroys any applications you've already installed along with all your custom settings. Even LESS useful is a hidden partition with a restore image. It has all the drawbacks of a restore CD plus you can lose it completely if the hard disk fails. Then, you will have to ship the whole computer back to the manufacturer or a repair center to get it working again!The is just a continuing trend to taking rights and power away from the average computer user. If you insist on running Microsoft software, get used to these inconveniences. You have no rights, you have no say. Oh, have you registered for Passport yet?!Bob D. reports on his situation:Yes, there is Compaq Recovery CD and on the HD there is a partition D: called RECOVERY_SAVE which evidently has a copy of the OS. But, if the HD fails, and I replace it, I would have to buy a new OS CD. I'm really only *renting* the OS for the life of the HD.Personally, I find this practice revolting. Even more revolting than the "For sale only with a new PC" labels on the earlier Win CD's that came with new PCs. To me, selling something to someone and then telling them they don't really own it (i.e., can't sell it) is fraudulent. Since when can't we legally sell something we bought? It's crazy.*** You can never own Microsoft Software, you can only lease it for a fee.Software is like "land" in a way. In the USA for example, an individual can only rent land from the government. If you don't pay your taxes [rent] then it's taken away from you.
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3) Does Office 97 Run On Windows XPJohn inquires - Does Office 97 run on Windows XP?*** Yes
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4) Why Does XP Lose 10 Minutes Every Few DaysShed asks - Why after every few days it loses about 10 minutes??Beck suggests:Could be a failing motherboard battery.If that is the case then they are not expensive to replace, only about £3-4 (sterling)happytheclown posts:If in Control Panel/Date and Time, you have the "Automatically synchronize with an Internet time server" option checked, uncheck it. Set the time correctly and let it go for a few days and see if your problem is solved. I know 3 people who this was their problem. They unchecked the Auto Sync and all was well.*** If it loses time when the system is OFF then it's the motherboard battery. If it loses time when the system is ON then it's a software problem.
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5) Can I Use My Son's CD On My ComputerRoo asks - I have windows 98 SE. My son recently bought windows xp professional, can I reformat my hard drive and use his xp on my PC.David M. writes:Yes,But for 30 days only
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6) Question About Outlook Express In WinXPDigitalboy posts - Is it possible to change the "mail notification" sound in OE? I'd like to use a customizable sound, but haven't the foggiest notion how to do it.Ken B. says:Go to Control Panel Sounds and Audio Devices, and change it on the Sounds tab.
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7) Status Bar On Windows Explorer Will Not Stay Onpaul inquires - Anyone any idea why my status bar on windows explorer will not stay on even tho I have checked it in the view menu. It stays until i close it down and reopen.Spike says:Open a normal window, (folder window), select 'view status bar' from the view menu. Then go to folder options, and click 'set all folders like this one'. This will then set the 'status bar' in IE to always on.
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8) Can WordPerfect 5.1 For Dos Work In XPBrightSpark posts - My son has just installed XP Pro on his desktop. We have to be able to run an old, old program - WordPerfect 5.1 for DOS - on an ongoing basis (don't ask, that's just the way it is!! ). Is it possible to use this old DOS program with XP or are we going to be out of luck?*** Yes it will work but it will take a bit of tweaking:http://www.columbia.edu/~em36/wpdos/windowsxp#enableems
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9) Old Monitor Doesn't Work With New PCviktor asks - I have a monitor about 2 years old, it worked fine under W2K, but when i bought a new system with WinXP pre installed, after i see "windows loading" progress bar and then the Windows logo, it becomes black and doesn't show anything. I can see everything in a safe mode though. I tried another monitor - works just fine.gkshenaut suggests:A similar thing happened to me--after installation, XP defaulted to a screen resolution not supported by my (LCD) monitor, and the monitor shut down. The solution was to boot up in "enable vga" mode and set a lower resolution. It was a little scary hitting the reset button with a blank screen, but there was no damage to the file system.
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10) A Few Ways To Dual Boot XP And 98John asks - I have a p4 1.7 ghz Dell running Windows XP home, I also have a second hard drive installed and is mainly used for storage. Can I install Windows 98 on the second hard drive, and could it be run without interfering with xp? Also how would one go about installing win98 on the second drive, would it not want to install to c drive by default?*** There are lots of ways to do this but my favourite way to dual boot [essentially because I like to keep my OS's completely separated and I dont like boot managers] is to temporarily connect the second hard drive as Primary Master and then install Win98.After it's done put the drive back as slave or back on the Secondary IDE. Then depending on what OS I want to use that day I just go into the BIOS and choose what IDE drive I want to boot up with. It will usually say IDE0, IDE1, and so on. I hope that Dell was smart enough to include this standard boot up option in its new systems.Dan D.s way:Install the oldest OS first, and go from there. The later OS will manage the boot, and there is no need to go and "fix" anything if you do that. On my machine I installed DOS 6.22 first, then win2k, then XP, never had a problem with it at all.
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Click Here to subscribe to The BootLISTClick Here to UNsubscribe to The BootLISTOr just send a note to service@bootdisk.com with ADD in the Subject Lineto subscribe or REMOVE in the Subject Line to UNsubscribe.Thanks. Ed Jablonowskihttp://www.bootdisk.com/bootlist.htm
^^^
http://www.bootdisk.com/ Newsletter 015The BootLISTWelcome to the 15th edition of The BootLIST. Standard Edition
INDEX
1) Quick Shutdown Tip
2) I Need A Packard Bell Bootdisk
3) Can I Mix PC100 And PC133 Ram Chips On My Motherboard
4) Windows Thinks My PIII Is A PII
5) Game Doesn't Install A Shortcut On The Desktop
6) What Is The Best File Type For Embedded Sound
7) 3.5" Disk Drive Spins When I Click On Desktop Icons
8) How To See An Excel File When Office Isn't Installed
9) I Need To Revive An Old NT Laptop With Windows 95
10) Nortons Crashguard
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1) Quick Shutdown TipAndy Z. emailed -I would like to share something I have not seen on your site. This is great for younger users to Shut Down a PC. Create a shortcut on desktop and put in the command line: C:\WINDOWS\RUNDLL.EXE user,exitwindowsGive it a name i.e.: 'ShutDown' then finish. Then on your desk top you have an icon to close windows down without having to hit Start ... and so on. I have put this on my parents PC and they just love it. They are new users to a PC. And they are in their 70's.
*** Just to say it another way - Right mouse click on a blank space on your desktop and a menu will appear Scroll down to New Another menu will appear Scroll to Shortcut and Left mouse click on Shortcut In the space where it says Command line copy and paste the following:C:\WINDOWS\RUNDLL.EXE user,exitwindowsSelect Next Choose a name Select Finish. The icon that's created by default is pretty neat. Personally this is a nice tweak for folks of all ages. Thanks Andy.
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2) I Need A Packard Bell BootdiskNyabinghi asks in the Guestbook - Can you please help ? I need a boot disk "RESTORE AND RECOVERY DISK VERSION 2.3W" for Packard Bell Computer (Pentium 100). Is there a way you can help to get one or download somewhere. I really need it, my computer is down.
*** The trouble with many of the "older" Packard Bells is that they used a proprietary CDrom drive and a standard [non PB] bootdisk with generic CDrom drivers most often didn't work. The second trouble is they stopped posting their "RESTORE AND RECOVERY DISK" floppies even before their website went down and few, if anybody, had enough lead time to download and catalog them.So if you lose the PB setup floppy or it goes bad [which they often do] you cant even access your CDrom to run the PB Restore CD. Still, try a standard bootdisk first with universal CDrom drivers on it.Your best bet is to install a standard CDrom drive if a standard bootdisk with generic CDrom drivers doesn't work. Any used IDE drive will also due. Chances are you'll have to use a standard Windows CD to put your OS back on again. Drivers aren't really that large an issue [unless you have a MWave combo card] as techs do standard Windows installs on old PBs all the time. They work real nice with a standard Windows install as well. PBs actually have a real fast and dependable motherboard. The old ones are real easy to add RAM to as well as they're not really brand picky.
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3) Can I Mix PC100 And PC133 Ram Chips On My MotherboardBrian S. asks - Can I mix PC100 and PC133 ram chips on my motherboard. I have 64MB PC100. Can I add some PC133??? Do I need to get rid of the PC100???DeMoN LaG says:You can mix, provided you don't try to run the 100 at a speed of 133. PC133 should run just fine on a 100 mhz bus
*** 66, 100, or 133. This is the speed the RAM is rated to run [up to] without errors. Memory compatibility problems are most often due to certain brands not being able to get along with each other, not their rated top speed.JoeF pops in:Yes you can mix them but they will all run at 100.Ken B. adds some detail:No, they will run at whatever speed the motherboard is set to run them at. If that's 100, it is likely to be fine. If it's set to run them at 133, they are likely to fail.Despite what many people think, the speed RAM runs at has nothing to do with the RAM itself. The speed of a chip isn't really its speed at all; it's just a speed *rating*--the speed it has been tested to run at reliably.The speed it runs at is determined by the motherboard, not the RAM.
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4) Windows Thinks My PIII Is A PIIDennis asks - I've egot a Pentium III CPU - that's what the CPU says - and when I start up the computer it says it's a Pentium III (also that what it says when I go in the CMOS setup) but WINDOWS says it's only a Pentium II?? I go to SYSTEM Properties on the General screen and it says "Pentium II Processor." I'm using Windows 98 - 4.10.1998 if that makes a difference.Don't much care if it's still getting the performance - but don't understand why it says Pentium II.Thor replies:Because the first version of win98 (4.10.1998) came out before the first PIII chips. Therefore, the only way it knows how to identify the chip is the nearest relative, the PII. Don't worry, it's only a cosmetic issue. It doesn't mean that you aren't getting the full performance of your PIII. Win98SE, winME, winXP etc., all were brought out after the PIII, therefore they properly identify the chip.
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5) Game Doesn't Install A Shortcut On The DesktopKyote inquires - I'm making a cd for my nephew of a game I have. But neither him (he's 6) or his dad know anything about computers. But the game doesn't install a shortcut to the desktop.
*** That happens a lot. All you have to do is after the game is installed is look in the folder you installed it to and find the file that launches the game. It's called for example mygame.exe where mygame is the name of the game. Hold your right mouse button down on the mygame.exe file and drag it to the desktop, release, and choose Create Shortcut Here with your left mouse button.
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6) What Is The Best File Type For Embedded Soundkencraggs1955 posts - Has anyone any idea which is the best and most compatible file type to use for embedded sound on web pages? I've used .wav files but they always seem to produce biggish files.
*** .midi is the best to use unless your .wav files are very small [under 5K]. However, it's best NOT to include ANY embedded sound on a web page these days in my opinion unless your webpage is purely personal and will be primarily viewed by people at home with sound cards. If somebody at work tries to view your page with embedded sound and their PC has no sound card they get an error.
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7) 3.5" Disk Drive Spins When I Click On Desktop IconsGaiser posts - 3.5" disk drive spins for a moment when I right click on apps on desktop, delete etc. This irritates me since it delays the process a bit. Can I stop it from doing so?Dr. Zhivago responds:Here's two things that usually cause that: First, clear the Recent Documents folder on the Start Menu. If that does not resolve it, clear your History folder in Internet Options.
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8) How To See An Excel File When Office Isn't InstalledEmil asks in email - I made a spreadsheet in Excel but my roomie cant open it. Do I need to install MS Office on his computer? I dont have the Office CD as it came pre-installed with my puter.
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9) I Need To Revive An Old NT Laptop With Windows 95Neil posts - I have an old laptop. just out of interest im looking to get it working again. When i try installing Windows 95 it tells me i need an MS Dos Boot Partition (after Prev. having Windows NT 4 on - now formatted). I have a Primary Dos Partition on there.
*** In your case I'd first use a utility called Wipe and fill the drive with Zeros. Put Wipe on your Start Disk if you want.Wipe can be found on this page if you need it:http://www.bootdisk.com/utility.htmThe command:wipe 0Will erase EVERYTHING ON YOUR C: DRIVEAfter that you will have to boot with a proper bootdisk and partition the drive using fdisk. Reboot as fdisk says to then format the drive. Now install Windows.
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10) Nortons CrashguardtiMMy asks in email - my brother has nortons crashguard and it saves him from 40 crashes a day and he says i should install it should i
*** Have your brother uninstall or disable Crashguard and he, most likely, wont have ANY crashes/day. If your system is currently having a problem it's best to identify it and then apply a cure. BTW, Crashguard has been discontinued by its manufacturer.
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Click Here to subscribe to The BootLISTClick Here to UNsubscribe to The BootLISTOr just send a note to service@bootdisk.com with ADD in the Subject Lineto subscribe or REMOVE in the Subject Line to UNsubscribe.Thanks. Ed Jablonowskihttp://www.bootdisk.com/bootlist.htm
^^^
http://www.bootdisk.com/ Newsletter 016The BootLISTWelcome to the 16th edition of The BootLISTINDEX 1) Yellow Caution Signs In Device Manager2) My OS Wont Load After Improperly Rebooting3) D:\ Is Not Accessible Incorrect Function4) How To Disable The XP CD Recording Software5) XP On A 2 Gig C:6) CDrom Running Slow In XP7) IRQL NOT LESS OR EQUAL8) Timed Automatic Shutdown9) Good Full Backup Software10) What Are chk Files11) Will Upgrading To XP Fix My PC12) Disable Boot OS Prompt
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1) Yellow Caution Signs In Device Managermagnoliahouse asks - When I open the device manager. Under Sound, video and game controllers, The MPU-401 Compatible MIDI device & Standard Game Port. Both have yellow caution signs by them. I don't remember them being that way before I had to do a system recovery last week. Is this a problem I need to find out about?RonK writes back:You can Uninstall them in Device Manager and restart XP. Your soundcard will be found on the reboot and drivers will be installed automatically or XP may ask you for the location of the driver disk.Kelly suggests:If all is well, leave it be. If you prefer to troubleshoot....Troubleshooting Device Manager Issues in Windows XP http://www2.cajun.net/~theriots/blk/win_xp_dm.htm
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3) D:\ Is Not Accessible Incorrect FunctionRon asks - Problem with cd-rom and burner.I get the message "D:\ is not accessible incorrect function". Does anyone know how to fix it? Im running XP-Pro.Peter H. posts:This is a well known problem with XP, if you cannot access CDROM, DVD, CDR or CDRW drives or get a Code 31 or 39 error in Device Manager then the solution is to run Regedit and delete Upperfilters and LowerFilters at HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\ CurrentControlSet\Control\Class\{4D36E965-E325-11CE-BFC1-08002BE10318} and then restart the PC.See Q270008 on http://www.microsoft.com/technet/If you have recorded a CD in XP and becomes unreadable or files are missing then download a CD Burner update from:http://windowsupdate.microsoft.com/Mao T. adds:The causes of the problem are that:1) There's something wrong with your CD-ROM drive. This is probably not too likely, especially if it is reasonably new and it was working under win 98 or win me, before you upgraded. Keep in mind that this is always a possibility, though. It never hurts to check your BIOS settings and cabling, if you're into that kind of thing.2) There is a conflict between built-in features of Win XP and 3rd party software like CD burners (Nero, Roxio's Easy CD Creater, etc.) or programs (Creative Disk Detector is one) that sense what type of disk is in the drive (audio, data, DVD, etc.). Sometimes upgrading the 3rd party software eliminates the problem, but often only editing specific entries in the Windows registry file helps. The latter can result in rendering your PC inoperative if your not extremely careful when editing.3) Sometimes the problem is more obscure than you might imagine. If you download Real Player Basic (often webpages do it automatically when you encounter a Real format media file), you also may coincidently download a program called Real Jukebox. Real Jukebox uses the version 4 of the Easy CD Creater engine. You can check this by searching for the folder "C:\Program Files\Adaptec". This version of Easy CD 4 is incompatible with Win XP and even uninstalling Real Jukebox may not remove all traces of Easy CD 4 from your machine. Roxio's website (http://www.roxio.com/) has detailed instructions for how to remove all traces of Easy CD 4 from your PC. Again, be careful if you try to edit the Windows registry.4) There's more than a few people who think that this CD-ROM error is a "bug" in Win XP, but I've seen no evidence posted to support this contention.
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4) How To Disable The XP CD Recording SoftwareHolger asks - How can I disable the normal WinXP CD recording software? I want to use Ahead's "In CD" for packet writing (UDF) without saving all new files to the harddisk first.Harry O. replies:1) double click the "My Computer" icon2) right click your "CD-R/W Burner" iconThere is a Recording Tab where you can uncheck the option for XPs native software.
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5) XP On A 2 Gig C:corey asks - I just installed XP this morning and partitioned out 2 Gig for the OS. I installed 2 programs not even in the OS dive space and I started getting the low disk space warning. I reformatted thinking 2 Gig was not quite enough for the OS. I gave it 3 Gig this time and after installing 2 programs in a different drive the low space error came up again. What is going on here? Is there some kind of monitor that constantly eats up memory?
*** Well, even tho you install programs to another hard drive letter your Windows folder still has to absorb a bunch of new files with every new program you add. XP also defaults to a page file that is 1.5 times the amount of ram you have. Now think about where MS likes to store temp and cache files. In summary, you want at least an 8 gig C: for XP and that's assuming that ANYTHING and EVERYTHING you install at a later date gets pointed to a different drive letter.
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6) CDrom Running Slow In XPMarty wants to know why - I have a LG CRD-8520b CDROM drive and when I put a CD in the tray Windows XP will hang while the CD spins up. Once it stops spinning XP is back to normal. I have also noticed that the CPU is at 100% when using the CDRom.One other thing is in other versions of Windows doing a CD 2 CD copy was fine. Now in XP it takes ages to copy.Jason T. says:DMA is likely not [turned] on for your device.Sal repliesGo to Device Manager, then go to IDE ATA/ATAPI controllers if your CD is on the secondary master go to secondary IDE Channel, Advanced settings Device 0 is for the master and IDE 1 for the slave, and change the transfer mode: PIO only or DMA if available
*** One might also want to check the BIOS to make sure that DMA is enabled there for all the IDE channels.
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7) IRQL NOT LESS OR EQUALAllan writes - I'm running WinXP Home with 512Mb and 1.1 Ghz. As of late I've been getting the error message in the subject title "IRQL NOT LESS OR EQUAL" I am forced to reboot and the problem is not resolved.
*** There is no single solution. That one will take some time to tweak out:http://www.microsoft.com/technet/treeview/default.asp?url=/technet/prodtechnol/winxppro/reskit/prmd_stp_hwpg.asp
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8) Timed Automatic ShutdownITaKA inquires - I like to know if windows will allow to me to shutdown the computer at a specified time for example at 7:30 am to disconnect from internet????Don C. suggests:http://www.sysinternals.com/ntw2k/freeware/pstools.shtml
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9) Good Full Backup SoftwareAustin asks - I have windows XP, and i wanted to backup to a CDR or CDRW. I do not need it to ever make incremental backups, i just need it to backup everything, and backup it up to a CDR. Could you recommend some good software for this, other than Norton Ghost?Ralph W. comments:Drive Image from PowerQuest (http://www.powerquest.com/), Image from Terabyte software (http://www.bootitng.com/), whatever Backup Exec is called nowadays (it's been sold to Stomp software), NTI's BackupNow (http://www.ntibackupnow.com/ or http://www.ntius.com/), and I'm QUITE certain there's others.Of course, Nero will do it also, but Nero wants to copy all those empty sectors also. This can be a real pain when you have 3.5G [of data] on a 160G drive ... (grins!)########################################
10) What Are chk Filesbob asks - where do these files come from. no illegal shutdowns, but they appear in my disk cleanup list.Len M. says:They are created when you run chkdsk with the "/f" switch, or when windows automatically runs a chkdsk at startup. These files are usually "lost file fragments", are useless and are [can be] deleted.
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11) Will Upgrading To XP Fix My PCTremont asks in email - I am using winme and have tons of illegal operations and bsods. I have to reboot 20 times every day. The neighborhood guru who programs at ATT said that winxp will fix all my problems if I upgrade is this true?
*** I think I'd politely shy away from any advice from your neighborhood "guru". One should NEVER use an OS upgrade as a "fix" for a troubled system. You will only compound your problems.You really should first spend the the time and effort to identify and fix your current problems. You may even have have a bad card or stick of RAM or other hardware and in that case XP wouldn't "fix" anything.A new OS is always best if put on fresh in any case if you have that choice.
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screen where Windows asks before the OS is loaded which OS I want to boot into.Thorsten M. states:You can do this in the Control Panel System Advanced Startup and Recovery Settings.
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http://www.bootdisk.com/The BootLISTWelcome to the 17th edition of The BootLIST
INDEX
1) Utility Needed For Easy Restart
2) Ways To Share Cable Modem
3) Good Temp For AMDs
4) Windows SE Can't See New Hard Drive
6) Two Printers On One PC
7) Should I Upgrade To DirectX 8.1
8) What Opens .RAR Files
9) My Desktop Icons Don't Stay Put
10) Free Offline Dictionary
11) What Exactly Causes Buffer Underruns
12) Router, Hub, Or Switch
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1) Utility Needed For Easy RestartA few dozen folks asked in email - "I liked the Quick Shutdown Tip in Issue 15. Do you know how to make one that restarts the PC instead of shutting it down?
"*** Easy:http://www.jthz.com/puter/shutz.htmLeft=ShutdownRight=Restart
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2) Ways To Share Cable ModemGary asks - I have 2 computers and 1 cable modem. I would like to no longer plug/unplug each computer to the modem. Don't need to use both computers at the same time, just want to give up crawling behind every time. What are the way(s) to accomplish this? Using USB.Geo suggests:Get your self a Cable/DSL router and set up a network. I use and have setup 4 Linksys 4 port routers. I think they work well.Sam says:Visit this http://www.wown.com/Goto Direct cable connection via USB cable.Wally L.'s opinion:Linksys Etherfast Cable/DSL Router model BFSR41 - with 4 lan and 1 wan port. Includes internal firewall. Allows multiple computers to share one cable modem. Cost around $100 I've been using this for at least a year without any major problems. Or a similar device manufactured by DLINK.neufue adds:usb-eithernet adapters may be an option. Check here: http://www.practicallynetworked.com/networking/usbether.htm########################################3) Average Temp For AMDsBrian S. wants to know - What should be the average temp. on an AMD Duron 950MHz??? It's about 115 degrees right now. Is that too hot. The rest of my computers run around 100 degrees. *** Anything below 50 degrees C [122 F] is fine for an AMD. ######################################## 4) Windows SE Can't See New Hard DriveDirK posts - I just installed a new hard drive and everything seems to be fine with it but Windows 98SE doesn't seem to see it when I open Explorer? How do I get windows to see the drive. It is set up as a slave drive. *** Windows 9X can't see a drive that has NOT been fdisked. Fdisk the drive after a boot to DOS to make your partition(s), reboot, then right click on the "new" drive letter in Explorer and choose format. ######################################## 5) 256 RAM UpgradeDennis questions - I hope someone can help me. My system can support 256mb of RAM. I was upgrading it from 64. It has 2 slots for the cards. I installed it and the system only recognizes 128mb. I did all the trouble shooting from Windows Help, and went to the companies website with no luck!Ron M. writes back:Did you by chance use a single 256 mb module? If so, that is probably the reason for your problem.If it supports 256 mb total RAM maximum and there are two slots then that means that it most likely will only accept 128 mb RAM modules, 2 of which would give you the total 256 mb.Check the motherboard documentation and read the wording very very carefully. It probably says what the maximum size of a single module can be, but it may be buried in amongst a lot of other technical stuff.Also check the motherboard documentation on the manufacturer's web site for the same info. If that does turn out to be the case you may have to take the 256 mb module back and exchange it for a pair of 128s. ######################################## 6) Two Printers On One PCJill M. asks - Is it possible to attach a laser jet and an ink jet to my computer at the same time? At least one printer can use usb. *** No problem as long as you have a free LPT port and a free USB port. If your PC has no free LPT ports then there are add-on cards available that snap into a PCI slot. They come with one or 2 additional LPT ports per card. If your PC USB ports are already continually used you can purchase a USB hub. Either one of these devices cost about$25 US each and are relatively painless to install.
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7) Should I Upgrade To DirectX 8.1Tom M. asks - Is [the DirectX 8.1] an upgrade that should generally be applied, or is it one that should be left alone unless something appears wrong?My WinMe machine has version 8.0, while my Win98SE machine has version 6.1a. All is working fine on both machines.
*** Follow PC Repair Rule #1. If its not broke - don't fix it. While we're on the DirectX topic there is a utility that I'm sure some of the readers have never used that comes with Windows 98. It's called DirectX Diagnostic Tool. The easiest way to run it is to click Start Run type dxdiag in the window and click OK. Still, even if dxdiag in the Notes section alerts you to a "problem" I still wouldn't mess with updating any drivers unless you were having a problem running one of your favorite games for example.In any case if you need to upgrade DirectX the link is here:http://www.microsoft.com/directx/homeuser/downloads/default.asp
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8) What Opens .RAR Filesdemondodger posts - What program could you open a file with an extension .RAR*** .rar is just another format for compressing files. The ever popular Winzip doesn't handle this type of archive. However, there is a free program that does. It's called UltimateZIP:http://www.ultimatezip.com/
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9) My Desktop Icons Don't Stay PutMWR questions - Windows 98 keeps rearranging the icons on my desktop. Just as I have learned where to find every item they reposition themselves and I must start over. A real nuisance because I have lots.Steve A. answers:Download Microsoft's official (and free) 5k patch here [aka layout.zip]:http://www.bowlay.com/toybox.htm
*** I hope the obvious hasn't been overlooked eg. Right Clicking on the desktop Arrange Icons uncheck Auto Arrange.
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10) Free Offline DictionaryGrace asks - Does anyone know of a free Dictionary that I could download that could also be used offline?Jim L. says oh yeah:Look here...They have a free version that I use. http://www.wordweb.co.uk/
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11) What Exactly Causes Buffer UnderrunsJM asks - Ok, I've been using my CD Burner for quite some time now, it was a new product when I bought it but now its about a year old. Its a Yamaha 16x ? x40 i think... I dont know its in the other room and im too lazy to look. But anyway my question is what exactly causes buffer underruns? The last five or so CDs (music) that I have been trying to burn were ruined because of it.DeMoN LaG replies:Buffer Underruns happen when the data that is supposed to be being burned (ie, a song) isn't getting sent to the recorder fast enough. The recorders buffer empties out and then you have made a coasterJM comes back:ok thanks and how do you think i should go about fixing that? Lowering the record speed sounds right, because more data is stored in the buffer at one time, right?Thor replies:Try checking to see if your drives are running in DMA mode. DMA mode requires less CPU usage during data transfers. Since a buffer underrun can occur when there is an interruption in the data supply to the burner, this may help. You might also try downloading the Nero trial version and see what happens with that. That doesn't cost anything to at least try it.Which is why it's best to use a CDRW disc when trying to iron out buffer underrun problems. At least you can erase them when you have an unsuccessful burn.bambam adds:http://www.cdrfaq.org/faq04.html#S4-1
*** JM's burner is most likely perfectly OK. Going to a slower burn speed may work, but in all probability JM has installed some new background application that is tying up his PC during the burn process. It may be spyware or even some "legit" app trying to phone home at regular intervals. One may use msconfig to disable any new background apps but that may not even be enough for todays new stuff which may not even show up there.Honestly? There has never been a buffer underrun error I haven't been able to solve when called to on-site. That only means it's not really that hard of an problem to repair (grin).Sometimes all it takes is disabling your anti-virus. Sometimes all you have to do is use Add/Remove and uninstall all the "dodgy" programs there you never knew you had running or installed. Sometimes you have to use a utility called Ad-Aware to ID spyware and then remove it. Sometimes all you need to do is run scandisk and defrag after all your temp and temporary internet files are deleted.
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12) Router, Hub, Or SwitchEugene T. asks - Would someone help me out and in one or two sentences each, describe the differences in a Router, a Hub and a Switcher please.Haji -1 explains:A hub is a switch with no controls allowing traffic from anything to anything without regard to procedure or protocol. (omnidirectional / uncontrolled)A switch controls traffic based on request or destination protocols. LPT1, SCANNER, etc. (directional / uncontrolled)A router controls traffic based on network address translation (NAT) predefined filters or network protocols. (directional / controlled)As an analogy,A hub is a 4-way intersection with stop signsA switch is a 4-way intersection with traffic lightsA router is a 4-way intersection with a traffic cop.
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http://www.bootdisk.com/The BootLISTWelcome to the 18th edition of The BootLIST
INDEX
1) How Do I Format My Harddrive With A XP CD
2) Office XP Default DOC Directory
3) 160 GIG Drive On 8 GIG BIOS Limit PC
4) How Windows Update Works
5) Problem With LAN Reconnect
6) Insufficient Files Provided By DOS
8) DCC On XP PCs
9) Disable Annoying XP Balloons
10) Win98 MS Backup VS XP MS Backup
11) More 160 GIG Hard Drive Information
12) Motherboard Transplant
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1) How Do I Format My Harddrive With A XP CDRob asks - How do I format my h/d with a XP cd, If I boot up with my cd it just starts installing XP. I want to format my drive first and then install XP. Do I have to boot up with a 98 or ME floppy or is there a way to do this with a XP cd.Harry O. explains:You are likely seeing normal behavior. When XP starts it first installs some of the files necessary to do disk management and run setup. A Windows Startup Disk does the same thing (but of course fewer files are installed). Boot the CD and let it run it's setup files which can take a few minutes. You will eventually see a screen asking what you wish to do. Choose Setup Windows XP and you will get the End User License Agreement (which BTW clearly tells us that we can install only one copy of XP to one system). Press F8 to agree and you will have options to partition, format, determine where to install to etc before setup continues.More info found here http://www.webtree.ca/windowsxp/clean_install.htm and here http://www.webtree.ca/windowsxp/repair_xp.htm
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2) Office XP Default DOC DirectoryFiona posts - When I try to save my files in office xp it opens my documents as the default save address. Now what I wish to do is save say in my directory every time I try to save. Any ideas on how to change this?Chris E. says easy:Go to tools menu options file locations.. Change the documents setting.
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3) 160 GIG Drive On 8 GIG BIOS Limit PCmaloud posts - I have a new Maxtor harddisk in my computer (160GB) and I will install XP on it.The Maxtor site tells me that I have set my bios on auto- (the HD is recognized correctly) but 8Gb big.- Manual settings will not change anything,Maxtor tells me that I need a Maxblast software, but the software is not capable for Windows XP.
*** Your PC has a 8 gig BIOS limitation. You have an old system. Use a hard drive that is compatible with your system or see if there is a BIOS flash utility that will correct your problem. Avoid any disk overlay programs with XP. Or pickup a ATA133 controller. Maxtor is even shipping controllers with some of its larger drives from what I understand if you buy the retail version.There are other issues as well covered in another article later on down.
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5) Problem With LAN ReconnectUser asks - I have a problem with WINDOWS XP pro...When the computer is not used for 10 minutes or more, I must restart in order for it to re-recognize that their is a LAN (CableModem) connection..... it's driving me crazy. What's going on?I know the internet is working because it works without interruption on my WIN 98 machine. Has Microsoft addressed this somewhere???Big Daddy replies:You may have to specify in Device [Manager] that the LAN adapter cannot be shut down to save power. I've seen this issue before.
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6) Insufficient Files Provided By DOSKamlesh inquires - I have an MS-DOS based application, which was running well with windows 95 & ME, but now after installing XP its giving "Insufficient files provided by DOS" - Error. I tried setting "FILES = 100" in config.sys & "PerVMFILES=100"Harry D. suggests:Try using the Program Compatibility Wizard to fool the program into thinking you're running an earlier version of Windows.You can find it under Start/All Programs/Accessories . Run it and follow the directions. It also gives you the chance to set up your program so it will have these files.Kelly states:Troubleshooting MS-DOS-Based Programs in Windows XP http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;Q314106
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7) Programs Not Showing In Start Menu After UpgradeCharlie asks - I just upgraded to XP....and it seems that in the new start menu when I click on all programs....not all of my programs are showing...it's like it just ran out of space for them. Yet, when I go to classic menu type.....all of them are there.Doug K. answers:Right click the Start button, select Properties, Customize, Advanced, scroll down to Scroll programs and put the check mark in.
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8) DCC On XP PCsAlan H. requests - Does anyone know of a step-by-step instruction on how to access files on a desktop from a laptop if you are using the LPT1 direct-connect technique? I used it with no problem with WIN98, but can't figure the new system out. I can get the two to connect, but don't know what steps to take to copy a folder from the desktop, to the laptop.Kayode replies:Move the files you wish to copy to a folder (in the "All Users" folder for example)Right Click this folder click the "share" Tab enable "share this folder" give it a share name Navigate to this folder in the "Guest" Computer (your laptop), you should now be able to see the files.For security reasons, you shouldn't be able to see the contents of any other folder on the "Host" Computer except the one you specifically shared (you may wish to disable the share after you are done)########################################
9) Disable Annoying XP Balloonsla asks - How can I disable those annoying popup messages that appear on the taskbar near the clock?Mhzjunkie says:There's an option to disable the pop up's in Tweak UI for Windows XP.Jabez G. suggests:Try: http://www.dougknox.com/xp/scripts_desc/xp_balloontips.htm
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10) Win98 MS Backup VS XP MS BackupNeil O. writes - I need to restore a backed up file that was created with 'backup' on Windows98 SE. I am currently using Windows XP Pro and it doesn't seem that the version of backup that comes with XP can restore these 'qic' files.Ken B. replies:That's correct. Unfortunately the formats used by the two versions of Backup are different, and they are not compatible.
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11) More 160 GIG Hard Drive InformationGilles St. Cyr asks - Hey, I just bought a Maxtor 160 GB HD. I flashed my bios to the latest version, and the Bios recognizes it as a 160GB drive, but when i go into windows xp the Disk Management utility only recognizes it as a 128 GB Drive.. anyone have any ideas how to get around this?Mr_B suggests:The easiest way around this is to partition off 35gig or more in one partition. So lets say put the XP O/S on that partition on that part of a drive and the other 125mb use for other programs. If you do and god forbid the XP partition [gets toasted], you will not loose any of the program files if you need to reformat and install your XP.Jon_H adds:Here is a Maxtor article about it:http://www.maxtor.com/products/bigdrive/whitepaper.htmFrom my understanding you need any of the following:A motherboard IDE interface supporting the new 48 bit LBA addressing. Typically the newer boards supporting ATA-133 will do this. or an add/on IDE card supporting larger drives. Promise and Maxtor both have them. WinXP [Microsoft] is supposed to come out with an update to cover this. Do not try to use Maxblast or the maxtor software. It will not work.
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12) Motherboard Transplantac asks - [Can you] install a new motherboard without having to reinstall xp?Kent W. E. points out:Depending on how different the new mobo is from the old one, XP may be able to boot and install new drivers, or it may fail to boot. In that case, boot from the CD and select "install". Then select "repair" when the XP CD finds your current installation.If XP fails to reactivate with the new mobo, then you may have to call the toll-free number and explain things to a human being. This should not be difficult.Alex N. adds:You might get away if it is a very near relative: but if you have a different chipset, certainly, you should boot the CD, start an Install XP, then after the license, select 'repair installation'. This will rebuild the modules and settings concerned with the hardware, leaving installed software and settings untouched, and I would do it as a matter of course.
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http://www.bootdisk.com/The BootLISTWelcome to the 19th edition of The BootLIST
INDEX
1) USB Cable Modem
3) Preloaded XP And Word On New PC
4) Floppy Controller Failed?
5) Blotchy Colors On Monitor Display
6) Protect Your Identity In IE
7) PC Wont Boot From CDrom
8) Audio Cable Needed For Green Day
9) Graphics Tablet On COM2 Doesn't Work
10) RAM Testing
11) Best Hard Drive And CDrom Configuration
12) My PC Reboots Every 5 Minutes
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2) P4 Ready Power SupplyR. teluugmma I=I posts - I'm in the process of assembling my own PC for the first time. When researching on power supplies, I noticed that the manufacturer always says something like "Intel Pentium Approved" or " Intel Pentium 4 ready" then it adds "AMD recommended". What does it mean? Is there a difference in wires, plugs or voltages between the two CPUs that I need to modify the power supply before I can use it for AMD?
*** The P4 motherboards have two different power connector sockets to supply power to motherboard. If you are building an AMD unit you simply will not use the extra connector.Thor adds:When you see "Pentium 4 ready" it just means that the supply features and extra power connector that many P4 motherboards (as well as some PIII, and in the future some AMD boards) use to compensate for higher demands on the 3.3, and 5V supplies. The power supply itself can be used on boards with, or without the extra connector. "AMD recommended" means that the power supply is on AMD's list of approved power supplies. This simply means that AMD has tested, and approved them for use with their chips. It's just a level of assurance that the supply should be adequate to the task.
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3) Preloaded XP And Word On New PCChris.S asks - My brother is getting a new comp. The software, Microsoft word and that are pre loaded, so is the Win XP.Now should the comp come with the CDs in case they have to be reinstalled? If not, what happens if the hard disk goes and you have to reinstall?
*** When buying a new international brand system at least make sure you get a "recovery CD" which should at least take you back to a "factory fresh" setup in case your hard drive fails. Some international brands tho are not even supplying such CDs and these brands should be avoided. I've personally never liked the "recovery CD" system but it does seem that it's become the standard if you buy from a large PC manufacturer.
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4) Floppy Controller Failed?John W. asks - Does anybody out there know anything about dell systems?I have a precision workstation 410. My floppy controller failed and I am wondering if updating the bios will do any good towards restoring my floppies. Also wondering if there is a way to reset cmos by changing a jumper setting. One of my other computers has a jumper set that can be used to restore cmos by changing the jumper setting, waiting a minute and then resetting the jumper to its previous setting.
*** Your problem really doesn't matter what brand of PC you have. In addition, your situation is no reason to flash [update] the bios. If the floppy controller has actually physically failed no firmware [bios update] or software will fix it. However, sometimes your BIOS info can get corrupted and a standard option is to go into the BIOS and set it for "factory defaults" or "bios default" or similar type jargon. After you do that make sure the Floppy channel is Enabled and set for a 1.44 drive. See if you read a floppy from DOS. Keep in mind that even if you have XP you can use a bootdisk to boot to DOS which in turn will show if your drive is OK. Also, it's always nice to have a spare floppy data cable around as the cables do fail now and then.If indeed the onboard floppy controller has failed one can purchase a controller card, disable the IDE and ports on it and just use it to control your floppy drive.
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5) Blotchy Colors On Monitor Displayjen asks - New monitor- 3 months old, so hopefully this is ok. The colour is 'blotchy' all over the screen, and at the sides the wrong colour is creeping in - for example, on a blue screen great splashes of red and green can be seen around the sides. This maybe the kids been fiddling with settings on pc or monitor. Any suggestions where to start?
*** Sure. Start with moving any speakers away from the monitor and try a "degauss". The degauss function should be one of the choices available when you use your monitor buttons to bring up the monitor settings display screen.ps it's not the kids. Your monitor may be failing tho.
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6) Protect Your Identity In IEJames C S. asks - I just upgraded to O.E. 6 and would like to setup a log on using a password. Can't seem to find any info on subject.Miggsee proposes:You can create an Identity and password protect the Identity. File Identities Add New Identity.Jake S. replies:Outlook Express starts in whatever identity it was in when closed, password protected or not. Which kinda defeats protecting it in the first place.Miggsee comes back:I'm a main identity, not a dummy, and I log out each time I use OE. All identities are presented for entry upon opening OE. I just log out to keep my OE private.HKC also responds to Jake S.:It was never a problem...it was yours for not doing it properly.You have to log off the identity, not just close it. Once logged off, it will ask what identity to log on to when starting OE up again. Under Manage Identities, there are additional options with respects to logging on.
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7) PC Wont Boot From CDromsam e. wonders - My computer will not boot from a cd rom i have changed the bios settings but it just by passes the cd rom and boots from hard drive.
*** As a review the BIOS settings you have to set are:1. Make sure the CDrom is the first boot device or make sure its set before the hard drive.2. Set the channel the CDrom is on to AUTO. It may have been set to NONE.Of course the CDrom disk has to be bootable. Also, an original OS bootable disk may work fine but a copy may not. And sometimes there's just no way to get your PC to boot from a CDrom even tho everything is set correctly. I wouldn't say that there was a hardware defect in such instances it's just one of those things.
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8) Audio Cable Needed For Green DayMark W. B. asks - Is there an audio cable from the CD-RW drive to the sound card? I know on my old machine there was an audio cable between CD-ROM drive and sound card. I can't play a music CD in the CR-RW drive, I can in the CD-ROM on this new machine. Anyone know what the deal is here.
*** Each CDrom needs an audio cable to the sound card or to the motherboard if you have onboard sound in order to play your Green Day, Pink Floyd, or Black Sabbath CDs. If you have two CDrom drives and only one sound connector on your sound card or motherboard there are Y adapters you can pick up from a hardware website. Still, it's best to use your reader to play music CDs so you don't add wear and tear to your more expensive Writer.
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9) Graphics Tablet On COM2 Doesn't WorkMarcus G. asks - I'm running Win98SE with an [external] modem on COM1. I've tried to install a graphics tablet on COM2 with no luck - tried trying to manually select new hardware, but Windows still can't find it even though Device Manager reports COM2 as OK with no conflicts. If I plug the tablet into COM1 and reboot, the tablet works fine. The modem doesn't work on COM2 either. My PC originally came with a (long removed) internal modem.
*** Chances are that COM2 is still disabled in the BIOS which was a standard tweak for many years when lots of PCs came with internal modems on COM2 while COM1 was enabled and used for a serial mouse.
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10) RAM Testingtom posts - My old DocMem utility wont work with XP since it needs pure DOS. Any similar "torture" diagnostics for XP?
*** Running any ram tester whilst in any version of Windows is pretty much useless. To test RAM on an XP box boot with dos disk and run a RAM tester that fits on a floppy. Many of the RAM testers when you install them will write an image to your floppy and make it bootable often using a non-MS version of DOS.http://aaa/
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11) Best Hard Drive And CDrom ConfigurationDAVE inquires - What is the best configuration for connecting a hard drive, dvd drive, and a cd/r drive under windows?Will S. suggests:My preference is for the Harddrive by itself and the DVD as slave & CD/r as master on the secondary IDE. Reason is that when I burn I always use the option copy to harddrive and burn and neither burn/copy on the fly. I nether have any coasters using this method and the system runs very smooth.
*** Some people would argue that "if you were" doing direct CD to CD copies then the DVD drive should be slave to the hard drive on the primary.
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12) My PC Reboots Every 5 MinutesCraig complains - I've been having a problem with my PC where it re-boots itself every 5 minutes. I have tried formatting and a fresh installation of win2k but the problem is still there. Also when using any apps, windows closes them down for no apparent reason. Is this a RAM problem or what else could be wrong?
*** Chances are good that your CPU is overheating. Remove your computer cover and see if the CPU fan is spinning. Turn the system off and on a few times as sometimes a fan may be spinning when you first see it but wont start up the second or third time. Also blow out the fan and heatsink with "compressed air".There are other reasons for restarts also like an overheating video card. Many of the new ones come with fans that may fail also. A failing power supply may also be the culprit. It's nice to have a $20 meter handy to check the 5 and 12 volt lines. And yes, bad ram may be the cause as well but the rebooting would be more random then "every 5 minutes". +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ ^^^ http://www.bootdisk.com/ 020 3/19/2002The BootLISTWelcome to the 20th edition of The BootLIST INDEX 1) Music CD To MP3s 2) Run XP And SE At The Same Time 3) Easy Way To Remove Bad Entries From Add/Remove 4) CDRW Works For Data But Not For Audio 5) How To Eliminate Pop-Up Ads 6) New Floppy Drive Not Working 7) AVI Files Don't Play In XP 8) XP CD Copying Utility9) Proper Way To Upgrade A BIOS 10) Onboard Graphics Or Not 11) P4?12) XP Pagefile ######################################## 1) Music CD To MP3s ruggedro asks - I'm trying to turn songs from an ordinary music cd into MP3's what do I need to do?-= Hawk =- answers:Download CDex: http://www.cdex.n3.net/ it's fast, it's free, it'll do what you want. ######################################## 2) Run XP And SE At The Same TimeMark O. wants to know - I have 98SE and XP installed on my laptop. Is there any way that you can launch 98 while you are in XP or visa versa? Or is the only way to shutdown and the start up the other OS?Bruce C. suggests:http://www.vmware.com/Dan F. likes:http://www.connectix.com/$100 cheaper with a 45 day free trial offer.
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3) Easy Way To Remove Bad Entries From Add/Removecb12 asks - In control panel in ;add/remove programs properties, The first tab install/uninstall there is a program in the window that will not uninstall when I click on it to uninstall.Boomer responds:This is the small program I use:Add/Remove Pro v. 2.05 - displays the entries in the Add/Remove Programs list of Windows Registry, checks if each is valid, and uninstalls the selected program or removes the entry from the list. 346kbhttp://www.superwin.com/freeware.htm
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4) CDRW Works For Data But Not For AudioWGB/LKB posts - My cd-rw works fine for data but when I try and record or play audio it will not work. It freezes when trying to burn an audio disc or tying to copy a CD and no sound comes out when trying to play audio.
*** Burn audio CDs to CDRs NOT CDRWs. Make sure your CDRW has an audio cable to your sound card. Copy/Clone original audio CDs at 4X to start, and use higher speeds till you find the best one.
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5) How To Eliminate Pop-Up AdsChuck and Puni ask - Can anyone suggest a free program that I can get to eliminate pop-up ads.curoius suggests:http://www.panicware.com/product_dpps.htmlKelly suggests:Grown to love this little program.http://http://www.analogx.com/contents/download/network/pow.htmBoomer suggests:I use Proximitronhttp://www.flaaten.dk/prox/lolo suggests:http://www.adsubtract.com/
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6) New Floppy Drive Not Workingsix asks - I just bought and installed a few floppy drive and it's not working properly. IDE ribbon is plugged in power is plugged in what am I forgetting to do. BTW the power light on it is on always.
*** The data cable in on backwards. 75% of the time Pin1 on the data cable goes next to the power connector. 25% of the time it's the other way around. The good news is if you put it on backwards you dont damage anything the light just stays on.
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7) AVI Files Don't Play In XPDonia asks - I [use XP] and have a upgraded my Windows Media Player to the latest edition, and I still can't play avi files. What should I do?Tim W. says:Go to http://www.divx.com/ and d/l their codec.
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8) XP CD Copying UtilityBecky asks - I am using an external Freecom CD-writer with updated XP drivers from their site. I am using the built in XP CD copying utility. The system is able to ghost the files and prepare them.When it comes to burning the data after about 10% it blanks the system and restarts. It used to happen to me when I used Easy CD 4 so I would slow the transfer rate down in the software to 2X instead of 4X. This would work. Is there a way to do this with the XP version?Liesbeth B. states:Right click on the CD drive in Windows Explorer, choose Properties and in the Recording tab is an option to set the speed.
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9) Proper Way To Upgrade A BIOSShelly F. inquires - Any advice on the proper way to upgrade BIOS? I have an ASUSTEK KL97-XV mb and the BIOS is phoenix 4.0. How do I do it?Thor replies:Asus should have the instructions they recommend [on their website] for updating the BIOS on their boards. I strongly suggest looking there first. In the absence of any particular instructions, as a rule of thumb, I follow Abit's recommendations, which is to [first] disable all video and bios shadowing in the BIOS setup, and also the L2 cache as well. Boot to a startup disk with the flash program, and the flash file on the diskette, or a designated folder on the harddrive, and run the flash program. Do not bother the system in any way during the procedure. And, lastly only flash the BIOS if it is to correct a particular problem, or add support for something (such as a newer CPU, or harddrive). Don't flash just because the update is there.
*** The most important thing is to have a clean boot prior to any BIOS flash. This is a well recommended bootdisk for such:http://www.hellasystems.de/ftp/Utilities/BootDisk/DrDos70/drdflash.exeLike every other bootdisk I've made I've made it with Winimage and produced a legally re distributable .exe file. You just put a clean floppy in your A: drive, click on the .exe you've downloaded to C:\whatever and it produces the disk you want.If the link fails you'll always find an updated one at bootdisk.com. The key is not to load any drivers whatsoever. Keep in mind that even a pure sys a: command from a C:\ prompt to make a bootdisk will add a drvspace driver if I remember correctly. Many of the motherboard makers are now making self booting disks to make the process easier.
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10) Onboard Graphics Or NotWhat Tha asks - A friend bought an ASUS Tusi-m 900mHz celeron computer. To my surprise the thing has an onboard integrated graphics card. Somehow I think its a cheapy. Does anyone have any comments regarding this type of motherboard/computer.
*** For sure it's cheaper to build a system with onboard video. If you shop solely by price 99% of the time you will get onboard video, and possibly onboard sound, NIC, and maybe even a modem. Large PC makers have been using onboard graphics and sound for years and interestingly enough their motherboards have been very dependable. It's also interesting that in the majority of cases the large PC brands have used big name quality motherboards.Of course, many home builders would NEVER use onboard video or sound as it just complicates any upgrade process aside from the fact that the home builder is going to put in a much better quality video and sound card in their system anyway.There may be other complications as well. There are many low end motherboards being used with onboard sound/video that come with generic manuals. When it comes time to upgrade your sound or video it becomes somewhat of a task figuring out where exactly you are going to find the updated drivers in the event of starting your system fresh after a format or upgrading your OS.With all that said it is a fact that onboard video is becoming more accepted even for small commercial PC builders whose clients dont need a system for anything but AOL or Word. If a small PC producer sticks with a name brand like ASUS chances are that they wont have any problems later on.########################################
11) P4?STaulbee asks - Obviously I have no knowledge about computers since I am posting from a webtv. But I was hoping I could get some opinions on the P4. I am looking to have a home PC built [for me].
*** Then I'll provide an easy answer. If you want to pay for Blue Men and Aliens and a CPU then go for the P4. If you only want to pay for the CPU then go for AMD.
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http://www.bootdisk.com/ 021 3/23/2002The BootLISTWelcome to the 21st edition of The BootLISTINDEX 1) Cant Scroll Down In Windows Startup Menu2) How To Find Your ProductKey In The Registry3) Need To ID Sound Card And Get Drivers4) 56K Modem Only Connects At 31.25) FAT32 Or NTFS6) Switch Or Hub For NAS7) What Is registry.exe8) Me To XP9) SFC10) How To Move OE Data To New PC11) When Is A 400 Watt Power Supply Required12) XP Applications Not Responding
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1) Cant Scroll Down In Windows Startup MenuChuck S. asks - Trying to get into safe mode.Using Win 98 se and holding down the Ctrl key will get me into the menu but I cannot scroll down.....what's wrong?
*** I bet you have a USB keyboard. If you have a modern PC try looking in the BIOS to enable it in DOS. If not just press the # key for the option you want.
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2) How To Find Your ProductKey In The RegistryJoseph P. inquires - Can someone give me the process for finding my current ME operating system Product key in the registry, i can not find my jewel case, but do have my CDBoomer suggests:Try this:Click Start/Run type Regedit, click Edit/Find, type in "ProductKey", without the quotes and no spaces.
*** Another option is to use Diag from a DOS prompt:http://www.bootdisk.com/dosfiles/diag.exe which comes in handy if Windows cant load up.
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3) Need To ID Sound Card And Get DriversJohn J. posts - My friends computer just crashed and we managed to get it up and running. He needs to download a new sound card driver but how do I find out what kind of sound card he has?
*** If you have an mass produced PC like a Dell or HP check the manufacturers website for driver downloads. They usually have them listed by the model number of your PC. If you have put in a sound card on your own or have a clone you bought with no drivers disk then look at the sound card and see if there is a model number and name on it. If so enter that into Google. If there is no model number or name enter in the chipset number in Google eg. [ESS1868 Drivers] or similar lingo. Generally you can find sound drivers by using the information on the largest chip on the sound card.If you have onboard sound whether or not you have an International brand PC or a custom made clone check the Motherboard CD that should have come with the PC. It may or may not say "drivers" on the label but it may indeed have such a folder. Or it may even give you the options to install certain drivers if it autostarts when you insert it. The motherboard CD may have drivers for many different models of sound so you still may have to look at the chipset to find out which one you have.I've been using Google first lately when it comes to looking for drivers. There are however many driver websites you may also try like:

Another option which sometimes works is to use a utility to read the type of sound card chipset you have. I've used HWiNFO and to my surprise it is does it's job quite well. http://www.hwinfo.com/html/download.html
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4) 56K Modem Only Connects At 31.2aaron asks - I wonder if anyone can help me with my problem here. I have a Conexant SoftK56 Data, Fax, Voice PCI Modem in my Pentium 4 1.4GHz desktop. I believe the modem should be transmitting data at 56 kbps , but when i check on the connection, it shows that the connection is at 31,200 bps (31.2 kbps).
*** A 56K modem is NOT guaranteed to connect at 56K. It will only connect as fast as the quality of your phone lines allow both in your home and on the street.The speed of your dial-up depends on many factors. The distance you are from the phone companies switching station for example. If you are more than 5 miles away then forget about ever getting close to 56K. Phone lines in your contain 4 wires. They are often wired for 2 phone numbers ie one number per pair of wires. For best results you want a _dedicated_ line to your PC's modem that runs from the outside of your house directly to the modem. Use high quality wire as well.Surge protectors with modem circuits will also draw some speed. The same with any "splitters" or "couplers" you may be using. Also make sure in device manager that you haven't limited the connection in the Maximum speed field but in your case I dont think you have as the nearest Maximum speed number listed in the field to your actual results is 38.4.
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5) FAT32 Or NTFSjefftrish wants to know - If I do a clean install would i be better off using ntfs or fat32?
*** Since you're asking such a basic question for standard inhome use I suggest you use FAT32. You'll thank me in a year or so from now when you or somebody else has to get some files off your failing hard drive. Of course, NTFS was designed for file security so if that's very important to you use it.Allow me to provide an example. Suppose you are working on a term paper and Windows fails to run and has been corrupted and you need to get that term paper off your hard drive ASAP and print it out. In FAT32 you can boot up with any MS bootdisk from Win95B and higher and find your paper and copy it to a floppy or zip drive in a matter of minutes. If you were using NTFS a DOS bootdisk wont even see the file at all. You'd be looking at much more time and expense to retrieve your work.On the other hand, lets say your PC is in your dorm room at college and you wanted to make sure that you were the only one that could gain axs to Windows or your files. In that case NTFS is the way to go.
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6) Switch Or Hub For NASDwayne C. asks - If I wanted to use Network Attached Storage to two servers, each hosting 25 client workstations, what would be the best (fastest) means of connecting the clients... a switch or a hub? Any suggestions on products and pros/cons?-= Hawk =- says:Switches are always faster than hubs since they allow the user access to the full bandwidth of the connection instead of having to share the bandwidth.
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7) What Is registry.exeFred S. wrote - What is registry.exe and why is mine trying to access the internet?
*** Whenever you see just a filename trying to AXS the internet chances are 99% it's part of a Trojan. The nasty boys like to name their viruses and trojans names like dos.exe, windows.exe and so forth to make them sound "official".Try a Trojan Scanner:http://www.simplysup.com/tremover/download.htmlhttp://www.agnitum.com/download/tauscan.htmlRegistry.exe IS a legitimate name for a packed windows tweaking program but once it's installed it doesn't unpack any files named registry.exe. In addition, registry.exe is NOT a standard windows file.
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It is also on the Windows XP CD.
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9) SFC
Edd A. posts - I just ran the System File Checker and it warned me that WMSUI32.DLL might be corrupted. So I clicked ok to replace the file. It asked me where and I answered the installation disk. Now I installed from a CD-ROM, so I put it in the CD-drive and was told that file's not on the disk. There's only one copy of it on my hard drive in c:\windowsystem.
*** sfc is designed to be used for diagnosing specific problems. It should NOT be used as a general maintenance utility. Running sfc just for the heck of it and then replacing files just because it doesn't like the originals is one easy way to stop some of your applications from running correctly or running at all.
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10) How To Move OE Data To New PC
J C A. posts - Just got a new rig with windows xp. Need to know how to get the OE mail messages off the old hd and on to the new.Mike points out:How to Back Up and Recover Outlook Express Datahttp://support.microsoft.com/support/kb/articles/Q270/6/70.ASPHow to Backup and Restore Outlook Express Blocked Senders List and Other Mail Ruleshttp://support.microsoft.com/support/kb/articles/Q276/5/11.ASP
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11) When Is A 400 Watt Power Supply Required
JoeF. asks - I keep reading where 400 watt power supplies are recommended in over 1500 athlon systems. I do not understand though. I once had an Hp amd K62 300 that only came with a 185 watt power supply. I added an additional Hard drive, Zip drive, Cd Burner, network card and 64 meg graphics card to it and it still worked fine. So I have to wonder how much power are these new processors using? I find it hard to believe that these new processors are really using that much more power.
Thor replies:Quite a bit actually. Both the Athlon and P4 processors alone can consume more than 70 watts in peak demands. Add higher-end graphics cards which are sucking more and more power, CD burners that use higher-powered lasers than a CDROM drive, motherboard chipsets, and memory that run ever faster, and therefore consume more power, and lastly, several fans to cool it all. The last system I configured and sold had a large CPU cooler fan, an extra exhaust case fan, a fan on the motherboard chipset, and a fan on the Geforce3 card. 7200 RPM harddrive, DVD, CDRW drive and 4 USB ports, modem, SBLive card, ethernet, and an Athlon 2000XP processor. All this stuff adds up. All my machines have very high quality 300 watt supplies, with very good current supply ratings on all the rails.
*** I think a good cutoff point for an average system is 300 watts for processors less than 2 gig and 400 watts for CPUs rated at 2 gig or higher.
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12) XP Applications Not RespondingTafari asks - I am running windows XP Pro on a workstation, I notice that when I have multiple applications running, some of them hang showing an error message "NOT RESPONDING"
Miggsee says:You probably have an application trying to run that is *not* XP compatible 100%. Make a note of what apps are running when this happens, and look for a pattern or offender.
*** This is common when people get or install a new OS and then start to install all their old software that came with their old PCs or that they bought to run on their old OS's. There is no rule that says all your old software has to work with any new OS. One has to check for upgrades and/or patches.
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http://www.bootdisk.com/ 022 3/27/2002The BootLISTWelcome to the 22nd edition of The BootLIST
INDEX
2) New Printer Not Working With Old A-B Switch
3) Two Virus Scanners On XP
4) IE 6 Always Freezes5) ZIP Drive Letter Problem On XP
6) How To Get Rid Of Linux
7) Keyboard Keys Switched Around
8) Should I Use A CPU Cooler With XP
9) Single Click Wanted For Icons On XP
10) Minimum C: Drive Size For XP
11) What Is Spyware
12) Updating ESCD Message
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1) RAM UpgradeKen posts - I'm planning on buying PC100/133 SDRAM 256mb memory chip to add to my HP with Windows ME Celeron 700mhz. The ad I'm looking at in Tiger Direct has two kinds: one with ECC and one without. I already have a 64mb and a 256mb installed. [Will it work?]
*** Get the non-ECC because chances are that's what's already in your system.
Ron M. adds:Are you planning on leaving both existing modules installed along with the new one?If so you will have more than 512 mb of RAM installed and may be susceptible to false "out of memory" errors due to an excessively large disk cache.In order to protect against this you should put a limit on the amount of RAM that WindowsMe can use for disk cache. With 576 mb of RAM you should add the following line to the [vcache] section of:c:\windows\system.ini:MaxFileCache=412000
*** The formula Ron M. is using is 70% of total ram for the MaxFileCache setting. Use this setting for up to 700 megs of ram. For systems over 700 megs set the MaxFileCache to 512000. PLEASE note however that there is no reason to mess with the [vcache] settings in system.ini unless you are getting FALSE "out of memory" errors as Ron stated and/or since you went over 512 your system is giving you random error messages.
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2) New Printer Not Working With Old A-B Switch
saimyo asks - Previously, I had Hp Lazerjet 4L printer installed on my machine and had no problem until I wanted to add Canon 2010 printer, for color printing, using an A-B switch. Now when I wanted to install the driver for the Canon printer, an error message says: "Unable to communicalte with the printer".I have checked the printer cable connection and the switch position, but the message keeps coming up and the printer would not work even if I force the driver ot load.
*** Both the A-B switch AND the cables have to be Bi-Directional for the Canon to work. You need IEEE 1284 cables for the Canon.
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3) Two Virus Scanners On XPKid Rock wants to know - I run the AVG free edition, but also run the Ontrack virus scanner [on XP]. Can I run 2 virus scanners side by side??? Anyway, every time my AVG system does it's scheduled scan, it freezes up the system, is this because I use 2 scanners?
*** Sure you can have both installed. But only run ONE at a time in the background if you are into that. Use the second as a double check now and then. Anytime you do a full [reliable] system scan you want to close down all your running applications anyway. That would of course include any other anti-virus program.
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4) IE 6 Always FreezesRicky inquires - I'm using Explorer 6 and every time I'm surfing, the Explorer freezes up and the only way to override is to Ctrl, ALt, Del and then restart the computer!!!!! It happens sometimes after 1/2 an hr of surfing or 10 mins -no pattern, but it's driving me nuts!!!!!!Paul - xxx suggests:Basic Maintenance.Clear your temp files, scandisk, de-frag, repair IE etc. Don't forget when Scan-disking or defragging to turn off (set to 'never') any powersaver feature and also turn off any screensaver you use.. Have a look here for further help and hints with this.http://www.bootdisk.com/topten.htmor here.http://24hrsupport.netfirms.com/maint.htmlYou may also have many applications running that you don't use, which may also be having a negative effect on the computer. Help with programs that run at start-up that you may dispense with is here ...http://www2.whidbey.net/djdenham/Uncheck.htmor herehttp://www.forrestandassociates.co.uk/pcforrest/startups.html
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5) ZIP Drive Letter Problem On XP
*** What Alien Zord is suggesting is actually a zero fill utility that clears out the first part of your hard drive thus wiping out all partition information and of course any disk managers or boot utilities that are running. Keep in mind the "brand new" part.
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7) Keyboard Keys Switched Around
psycho posts - my keyboard has no pound sign and several other charactors have shifted to new keys. Any ideas why ??????? This has just started happening.
-= Hawk =- says:Set the system to the proper regional settings for where you live.Brian H. adds:Go to Control panel/keyboard/language and check your keyboard is set to the correct type. If you have qwerty, it should be set to English (British). You will find the £ is uppercase 3
*** Of course it could also be a failing keyboard.
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8) Should I Use A CPU Cooler With XPAdrienne asks - I have tried a few software CPU coolers, but haven't found any that will work with XP yet. Have you?Beck replies:How does a software cool a cpu?
-= Hawk =- responds:Here's a fair explanation of what they do:http://www.benchtest.com/cooler.htmlHere's a page that says [notes that] they're not necessary on NT/2K/XP:
http://monsternet.game-point.net/goodies/rain.html
*** Please note that in my opinion CPU coolers shouldn't be considered any type of essential software one should install. If a CPU is running hot [over 50C] in normal use then I'd address the issue from a hardware standpoint which means making sure your fansink is working properly and making the proper contact with the CPU. Personally I'm not a fan of CPU coolerware but many of my users are so that's why this article is included for educational purposes.
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9) Single Click Wanted For Icons On XP
rsr asks - I'm relatively new to computing and I would like to know how to change from double clicking an icon to open it, to a single click to open it. [I'm using XP]
Bill Q. posts:From Windows XP support help files:To change the number of mouse clicks required to open itemsOpen Folder Options in Control Panel. Click Start, and then click Control Panel.Double-click Folder Options.On the General tab, under Click items as follows, click the option you want.
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10) Minimum C: Drive Size For XPSoopo writes - I want to install XP onto a new 80 gigger hard drive and I want to keep the core XP files separated from my programs and data so I want to put my programs and data on separate partitions. What is the minimum size C: partition you suggest for the operating system only?
*** For XP you want at least a 8 gig C: partition.
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11) What Is Spyware
Gail T. asks - I hear the computer geeks at work talking about spyware but I am afraid to ask them what it is because I never understand their answer.....is there some world wide website that makes it easy to understand what spyware is

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12) Updating ESCD MessageLiveWire asks - Everytime I boot I receive an "Updating ESCD" message. It never did this with each boot. I've had a few cards "flake out" and thought this could be an indicator of such. I could pull each card to verify but would rather do that as a last step to see if that's it.
Robert replies:Here is a link on the escd point-http://www.pcguide.com/ts/x/sys/booterrGBER23-c.html
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http://www.bootdisk.com/ 023 3/30/2002The BootLISTWelcome to the 23rd edition of The BootLIST
INDEX 1) Folders Displays Slowing Down
2) Mouse Replacement Steps
3) Combo CAT5 And Wireless Home Network
4) Fresh Windows Install While Saving DOS Application
5) Should I Go From Me To Win2000 Pro
6) CD Printers
7) Choppy Sound With ISA Card In XP
8) I Have 128 RAM But Only 112 Shows Up In Windows
9) Zone Alarm And Reserved IP Address Space
10) USB Printer Not Detected
11) XP And Compressed Files
12) Safe Way To Find Partition InformationFeatured Utility: Access Your Computer From Any Web Browseris a really cool technology that lets you access your work or home computer from any Web Browser. Easy set up in minutes. Allows you to work from home or the road and gives you secure and immediate access to your email, files, programs and network resources from anywhere.
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1) Folders Displays Slowing Down
Tim posts - Trying to resolve a problem on a 98 machine we use for word-processing/invoicing/faxing etc...When initially booted you can list and go through folders with ease but after looking through a couple of folders it slows down (I.e. you double click the folder and it thinks for a while before listing the files).
Shep suggests:Have a good cleanup, http://web.ukonline.co.uk/sheppard.p/house.htm and don't have too many files in the,"My Documents"folder.
Tim replies:Thanks, I moved everything out of My Documents (couple of hundred folders) and into another folder which seems to have resolved the problem! Why on earth does that happen? :) I thought the point of My Documents was for work!! :)Richard B. answers:Its a "Feature of Windoze". (grin).Seriously, I don't know why it is, but the delay seems to be determined by the "mass" of My Documents, rather than the number of files. At one time, I kept a "My Photos" folder as a subdirectory of "My Documents", which was close to 100Meg. When I moved "My Photos" to the root, It speeded up Windows Explorer's launch tremendously.
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2) Mouse Replacement Step
sspot-the-dalmation asks - I currently have a USB logitec mouse on my machine. I just bought a new wireless logitec that is both a USB and PS2 with supplied adapter. Do I need to remove/disable the old mouse before I use the new? Can the new just replace the old in the same USB port OR should I use the PS2 adapter? Will I be able to use the old in an emergency if the new malfunctions?
Thor suggests:I would uninstall any Logitec mouse management software you may currently have, and install the newer software that accompanies the new mouse. As for the mouse itself, you should be able to simply plug it in to the USB port. Yes, you should be able to use the old mouse in an emergency.
*** One may want to boot to Safe Mode and check Device Manager to make sure the old one is removed from there also.
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3) Combo CAT5 And Wireless Home Network
Coria1 wants to know - My son has asked me to help him network two desktop computers and a laptop computer so he can access his broadband connection and share files and a printer. All three computers have NICs. He would like to connect the laptop and one of the others using cable(s) and the second desktop using a wireless connection since it will be on another floor of his house. I thought we could purchase a 4 port hub/router like a Linksys BEFSR41 and feed his Dsl modem into that and then use Cat 5 cable to connect the desktop and laptop in his office (2nd floor). I thought that we could then use some kind of wireless sender in that location connected to the hub/router and a wireless card in his downstairs computer to complete the network. I welcome comments and suggestions for the wireless hardware.
Thor suggests:I think this is what you need. It's a Linksys combo wireless router w/4 port switch. So you can run both your wired, and wireless network with it.http://www.linksys.com/Products/product.asp?grid=22&prid=173
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4) Fresh Windows Install While Saving DOS Application
mcp6453 inquires - I have a computer that has some DOS applications on it that cannot be moved to a new computer without reinstallation. (It is accounting software that has built-in security features.) However, Windows 98SE is having problems (the computer locks up when we print from DOS but not when we boot to DOS and print outside of Windows.) Therefore, I want to reinstall Windows [fresh] without trashing the [DOS applications] on the hard drive.Do I delete the Windows folder and start fresh? Do I delete the Windows folder and all of the folders beneath it? How do I know I've deleted the registry?
Thor responds:Delete the windows folder, and then reinstall. You will still need to reinstall your windows-based applications, and recreate any shortcuts to MSDOS programs that you ran from within windows as well. (such as shortcuts to DOS programs on your desktop, etc.). The optimal procedure is the following:
1. If you use Outlook Express, you may want to copy the application data folder (C:\windows\application data) to a folder outside of the windows folder so you can import your old email, and address book back into OE, once windows has been re-installed. Same thing goes for your IE favorites, which reside in C:\windows\favorites by default.
2. If you use Internet Explorer as your browser, delete your temporary internet files while still in windows, since this will speed up the windows folder deletion process.
3. Put your Win98 CD into the drive, and copy the Win98 folder and it's contents from the CD to your harddrive. This will greatly speed up the windows installation process, and you wont need the CD later. Do NOT copy this folder to the "windows" folder on the harddrive, or else you will accidentally delete it when you get rid of the windows folder in a later step. Copy the win98 folder to the root of your C: drive.
4. Create a win98 startup bootdisk, or download one from http://www.bootdisk.com/ This is "just in case" and wont normally be needed in this process.
5. Reboot your machine (do not use the bootdisk), and press F8 before you see the windows98 cloud logo, to get the startup menu. Choose "Command Prompt only" (do not confuse with "safe mode command prompt").
6. When you have a C:\> prompt, type "smartdrv.exe" and press enter. You wont see any visual confirmation of any kind, but you shouldn't see any error message either. You should just get another C:\> prompt. This step loads the smartdrive disk caching program, and will greatly reduce the time needed to delete the windows folder.
7. (NOTE: Once this step has been completed, windows is gone. You machine will no longer boot into windows, so this is the point of no return).Type "deltree windows" (don't type the quotes) and press enter. You should get confirmation asking if you really wish to delete the windows directory and all it's subdirectories. Press "y" to confirm deletion. At this point you should notice much harddrive activity, as the windows folder is being deleted. This may take a from several seconds to several minutes. Be patient, and wait until you get another C:\> indicating that it is finished.
8. Once it is finished deleting the windows folder, and you now have a "C:\>" again, switch to your Win98 folder (this is the folder you copied from the CD) by typing "CD\Win98" and press enter. If you did this correctly, you should now have a "C:\win98>" prompt. Type "setup", and press enter. Windows98 setup process should begin, and scandisk will automatically run first. When scandisk is finished, choose "exit", and the setup process will continue. Have your CDKey, or Windows Product Key ready, because it will be required during setup. Since you copied the win98 folder, and it's contents from the win98CD to the harddrive, the win98 CD should not be necessary any longer in the setup process, since all the setup files will now be read (much faster) from the harddrive. Proceed following the directions on your screen.If this process seems overwhelming, you may want to consider having an experienced tech handle the process for you.Wizard suggests first:You can reinstall [Windows] on top of itself (in the same directory) without any losses or needing to reinstall software. But be advised it doesn't cure everything this way, but worth a try first.Lane Lewis adds:I would say that you need to back up that drive somehow first because if the install process doesn't work properly you could end up with a trashed hard drive. Maybe a cloning program and a new drive would work or perhaps copying everything to a new computer.
*** All good points. In regards to Lane Lewis I sure would hope that people know they have to have backups by default even if they are NOT considering any major changes to their hard drives or Windows install.
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5) Should I Go From Me To Win2000 ProThe One And Only asks - I have the chance to purchase a inexpensive copy of Window 2000 Pro. I presently run two puters network together with a router with cable internet access for both. I don't have any problem with anything but would like to consider the upgrade. My question is, is it worth it to go from "ME" to "2000 Pro" ?Ken B. responds:In my view WIndows 2000 is much better than Me, and if you were asking which operating system to get on a new computer, I'd unhesitatingly recommend 2000 over Me (and XP over either).But going from one operating system to another should be dictated by need, not by availability. If you don't have a compelling reason to go to 2000 (some feature that you need or crave, or problems that you expect it to solve), almost everyone should stick with what he has. No matter how good the operating system you're contemplating is, there's always risk of problems, hardware incompatibility, software incompatibly, learning curve, etc.So my vote is no--stay with Me if you have no problems.
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6) CD PrintersDwayne C. posts - I remember ages ago seeing an inkjet that would print on a CD-R. At the time, no interest... but now I need one. But my web searches are fruitless... except for this one $4,000 monstrosity. I just want a simple inkjet that can print on a CD-R.Pras Gupta points to:Check this site: http://www.insc.com/pages/cdprinters.htmand this http://www.totalmediainc.com/primera_signature_printer.htmStevo suggests:http://www.ioproducts.com/cdrprinter.htmlMight be closer to an acceptable price range, for low volume use... ######################################## 7) Choppy Sound With ISA Card In XP Jari H. asks - I am experiencing choppy sound and somewhat sluggish performance in Windows XP. I was wondering what could be causing this problem. I have recently upgraded my hardware, which now consists of the following:Asus P5A-B motherboardHPT370 UDMA/ATA100 controller cardWD 100 GB UDMA100 hard driveNetwork cardATI All-In-Wonder 16 graphics cardUSB controller cardSoundblaster 16 sound card (ISA)512 MB RAM *** It's really best to match your hardware with your OS. In this case I'd say with 95% certainty that your old Soundblaster ISA card or other ISA cards you have installed but not mentioned is your problem. XP really should be matched with PCI and AGP cards. ######################################## 8) I Have 128 RAM But Only 112 Shows Up In Windowsforest asks - In my system performance section of my computer the memory is showing 112MB RAM. The memory strip in the computer is 128MB RAM. Does this mean I have a fault with it or is this normal? I'm on windows 98. *** You have onboard video and it's using 16 meg of your ram. It's a cost saving measure for PC producers. ######################################## 9) Zone Alarm And Reserved IP Address Space SDW posts - I use Zone Alarm and whilst I believe in its integrity, I think a daily report of up to 400 pings from one IP address is quite high How do I find our who 10.224.0.1 is ? DennisC. responds:The answer is you can't. There are four ranges of address space reserved for private networks. They are:10.0.0.0 - 10.255.255.255169.254.0.0 - 169.254.255.255172.16.0.0 - 172.31.255.255192.168..0.0 - 192.168.255.255These ranges are usually used by private business for internal networks. So this means the address 10.224.0.1 is behind a router or firewall or both and is unreachable. When you "ping" an IP address use the following syntax ping -a and this will cause DNS to resolve the IP to a fully qualified doman name. *** As always I do my best to make sure the responses I rewrite here are accurate. In this case I was able to verify DennisC's numbers except for the 169.x.x.x range. ######################################## 10) USB Printer Not Detected Raymond R. asks - I just got a new printer for my IBM Aptiva and i cannot get it to work. I've installed everything right, but i think my problem is the port for it. It uses a USB port. I have the USB Cable hooked up to the printer and the computer. When i selected the port i did not see a USB port to select. I am stumped as to why i don't have the port there. *** There are some basic things you need to make sure of before you use a USB printer. [or any USB device for that matter] 1. You should be using Windows 98 or higher 2. Make sure USB is enabled in the BIOS 3. Make sure you see both or more USB entries in Device Manager, usually down at the bottom of the list of devices 4. Make sure the cable is connected to the motherboard properly if indeed your system uses a cable to a back adapter plate. 5. Read the docs. Often new printer docs tell you to install the software first, reboot, then connect the printer, then finish installing the drivers. ######################################## 11) XP And Compressed Files MALdito asks - Just wondering how to make my win XP treat compressed files (zips, rars, arjs, etc) as files, and not dirs in the win explorer°Mike° proposes:Start / Run / CMDType regsvr32 /u zipfldr.dllReverse the above by typing regsvr32 zipfldr.dll *** Is above a permanent "fix" or just for a session???°Mike° answers:It alters the registry entries that provide for zip files to be treated as folders, and so is permanent - until you reverse it with the alternate command. It may be necessary to re-associate archive files with software such as WinZip/WinRAR after using this command, which can be done within the software in question. ######################################## 12) Safe Way To Find Partition InformationJanice wrote - Is there anything within 98se that will tell about my partitions. I didn't set them up. *** Open a DOS box and type:fdisk /status +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ ^^^http://www.bootdisk.com/ 024 4/05/2002The BootLISTWelcome to the 24th edition of The BootLIST INDEX 1) How To Remove Windows Messenger In XP 2) Need Code To Manually Renew IP Address In XP 3) Unhide Many ****** Passwords 4) HP Laserjet III Error Message 50 5) Blank New Window In IE 6) What's A Static IP Address 7) No Fixed Drive Present When Running FDISK 8) Motherboard Battery Dies Every 3 Months 9) Easy Way To Disable Startup Apps In XP 10) What's A Hardware Modem And A Software Modem 11) What Laptop Should I Buy 12) How To Uncompress Hundreds Of ZIP Files At OnceFeatured Utility: Access Your Computer From Any Web Browseris a really cool technology that lets you access your work or home computer from any Web Browser. Easy set up in minutes. Allows you to work from home or the road and gives you secure and immediate access to your email, files, programs and network resources from anywhere. ######################################## 1) How To Remove Windows Messenger In XP Donny B. suggests:How to Uninstall Windows Messenger:http://www.broomeman.com/support/wsdsblwm.html ######################################## 2) Need Code To Manually Renew IP Address In XPdiaboyos asks - What is the code to get to the IP configuration screen so I can manually renew my IP address. WINIPCFG works in ME but not in XP. Courtney replies:Go to the command prompt. (Run "cmd")Type "ipconfig /renew" to get a new address.Type "ipconfig /release" to dump it.Type "ipconfig /all" to see everything about your address.You can type "ipconfig /?" to get help. *** Depending on your ISP you may have a 24 hour or even a 3 day lease so if you renew you just end get the same IP address again. ######################################## 3) Unhide Many ****** Passwordsjeffrey asks - CAN [you] HELP ME FIND MY PASSWORD*** http://www.bootdisk.com/genfiles/007v3.exe########################################4) HP Laserjet III Error Message 50leonard inquires - I get a error message 50, I have replaced both the power supply and the fuser assy. Does anyone how what else to check?pcbutts1 suggests:1.. Turn the printer off and unplug it for 30 minutes; then turn the power back on.2.. Try a different power cord.3.. Remove the surge protector or UPS/CVT device and connect directly to a power source.4.. Try a different electrical circuit.5.. Perform a cold reset on the printer.6.. If the display shows "Error 50.3" then in the Configuration Menu of the printer's control panel, turn Powersave=Off.7.. Turn the printer off and unplug it. Let it sit for 30 minutes to let the fuser cool off. Carefully remove the fuser; IT MAY STILL BE HOT USE CAUTION. Examine the fuser, if any damage is apparent the fuser may need to be replaced. If no damage is noted reinstall the fuser, plug it in and power it up.########################################5) Blank New Window In IEcamgoudreau posts - I just installed Windows XP, and am using IE 6.0 When I try to access web pages from a link that specifies opening a new window, the new window opens, but stays blank. Any ideas?PHIL replies:you may have to edit the registry, take a look here:http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;Q281679########################################6) What's A Static IP AddressTommy asks - Can you tell me what static IP address means. I can get DSL but I am offered to get 1 Static IP addresses for$5.00 extra.Mike replies:Static IP address is one address that does not change. An example would be if you wanted your own web site, in order for people to find you on the internet you need to have a fixed or permenant address, much like a house. When you have a "regular" DSL or dial up service you are assigned a temporary address that is good only for that time you are online. When you get on again you are given a different one than the last timed.curoius also replies:Have you [also] considered security once you are connected? That is running a firewall, like zonealarm to prevent others from gaining access to your computer.########################################7) No Fixed Drive Present When Running FDISKKevin B. asks - When I try running an FDISK on my hard drive I get the "No Fixed Drive" message.I heard that delpart will remove the existing partician but that doesn't seem to be working either. When I use it a box pops up in the middle of the screen saying "No Fixed Drive Space found" with another box inside that says OK. When I hit the enter key, the original gray box starts blinking and nothing else happens.Why wont this work and what can I do that will work.*** Your PC has to see the drive first. In other words, if your BIOS is not picking up the hard drive then your software wont either. Your BIOS may have been reset to defaults due to a power surge, or the data or power cables to the drive may have come loose.########################################8) Motherboard Battery Dies Every 3 MonthsJoeF asks - Any clue what would make one die every three months? I have an Athlon 1 gig system on an Iwill MoBo that is only about a year old and the battery has gone dead 3 times.*** It's a defective motherboard. If its an older motherboard it should have a 3/4 pin connector for an external to motherboard battery and often if you use one it will fix the problem.########################################9) Easy Way To Disable Startup Apps In XPStuart W. wants to know - In Windows XP, how do you stop a program from launching automatically when the computer starts?Synapse Syndrome suggests:This is a very user-friendly way of doing all this registry editing [ie avoiding having to edit the registry]:http://www.mlin.net/StartupCPL.shtml########################################10) What's A Hardware Modem And A Software Modemcaiblue posts - Anyone know the difference between a software modem & a hardware modem?*** A hardware modem has a com port onboard and can be used in most every OS. A software modem aka a winmodem requires that Windows be installed and uses a virtual com port.°Mike° says:A software modem (sometimes referred to as a winmodem) is a modem that depends on the CPU of the host computer for most of the data processing. A hardware modem is a 'stand alone' unit that does not rely on the host CPU for processing purposes, hence better performance.*** On new fast PCs it doesn't matter really what type of modem you use unless you need to dial up from DOS. Then you need a real modem.########################################11) What Laptop Should I BuyBubba asks - I would like to know what your recommendations are. Which ones have the best warranty? Should we get an extended warranty with it, and what kind of insurance is available in case it gets ripped off? I want to buy one in early August for my daughter. I don't know what to buy and how much to spend. The only thing so far that she wants on it is the capability to burn cd's. They talk about AMD 4, Pentium 3's, and Celeron chips. It's very confusing.The One replies:If they are just starting out in college, then I would recommend getting a higher end computer now so you only have to buy one computer instead of two. Getting a cheaper model now may mean it'll be too slow by the end of their sophomore year. Definitely pay the extra money for a three or four year extended warranty. If ANYTHING goes wrong they have to fix it for free (make sure it's labor and parts, inhome is best as its a pain in the butt to send in your computer and and be without it for up to a month. Given that the new Pentium 4 m chips are out and in many notebooks now. I would visit Dell and Sony first. You'll pay a little more, but both have a very good reputation.Buying one of these right now will probably put you at 2 grand or more (you could buy a cheaper one for a little over a grand). These prices are before extended warranties, taxes, printers, other accessories. Most laptops now come with a combo drive that plays dvds and will burn cds. Also, if she wants to burn cds, she probably going to be downloading a lot of music so get the biggest hard drive you can get. (She'll fill up a 20 gig hard drive rather quickly if she has a fast internet connection. Whatever you do, wait as long as you can and do your shopping before you buy. Computers get cheaper and better over time. Now for the chips:AMD and Intel are rival chipmakers. Intel's latest chip is the Pentium 4 and is a great chip. Their Pentium III's are good too, but they are older. Their Celeron line is like the Toyota Corolla or Echo instead of the Camry. They are dependable, but they don't have the newest technology. They take certain shortcuts to be able to sell the chips cheaper. The newer AMD chips are also great chips. The Duron chip is AMD's equivalent to Celeron.Buy your computer from a company you trust will be around for at least til the end of your warranty. I bought a computer from Tiny in Jan 2000 and bought the extended warranty. Their phone support lines have been shut down for months and even their emails come back as undeliverable. Circuit City and Best Buy consistently have better prices over COMPUSA and comparable stores.So spend the next few months reading the ads in the Sunday paper, hunting around online, and browsing at stores (most salespeople are only a LITTLE more knowledgeable than you are about computers). If they offer a free scanner or printer with the computer, don't feel too much joy as they are usually pieces of crap so spend a little more and get a good reliable one.Gateway, Compaq, Toshiba, (any other brand you've never heard of) may save you a little money, but make absolutely sure you get the warranty if you buy one. I don't know about insurance, you'll have to All State or wait for another post. Happy computer hunting and hope this helps a little.Tacitus states:PC World magazine consistently rates Dell Inspiron & Latitudes among the best. IBM Thinkpads also rate highly but are generally more expensive. Gateway Solos are also highly rated. Sometimes an HP Omnibook, Compaq Presario or Toshiba also makes the grade.I have worked with various models of Thinkpad, Dell Latitudes & Toshiba (Tecra & Portege). All were reliable. The company at which I used to do installations used almost exclusively Thinkpads so I was most used to them.-Prices for laptops are much higher than for desktops and hardware is mostly proprietary-Be careful to get the pointing device you are comfortable with-Get as much power, memory and hard disk size as you can afford.P4's do not offer much advantage over P3s and are as of now, probably not worth the price differential. In a computer the processor is much less important for the casual user than is memory and good video. I cannot express an opinion on AMD but price-wise for similar power it makes sense. Many companies do not make models with AMD chips. Celeron is also cost effective for most users.-Buy from a well-established manufacturer who will be able to stand by the warranty. My experience with IBM tech support, for example, has been excellent. Buying a laptop from a company that might not be long in business is a very bad idea. Desktops are much more easily supported by stores & general PC technicians.-Many manufacturers sell via the Internet and will allow you to configure the machine showing you the addition costs involved. -Be careful to read return & warranty policies. I have never been a fan of extended warranties for anything. Serious problems usually show up in the first year and laptops have a less reliable life-span than do desktops. Desktops are also easily upgradeable with off the shelf parts.########################################12) How To Uncompress Hundreds Of ZIP Files At OnceJim C. asks - I have downloaded several hundred .zips (of font files) and want to uncompress them. But I don't want to have to individually click and uncompress each file. I wonder if there is a way to decompress them all at once.-= Hawk =- responds:Get a copy of the DOS based pkunzip then run:pkunzip *.zipin the folder you've stored them in.*** pk zip/unzip package ver. 2.04ghttp://www.bootdisk.com/dosfiles/pkzip204.exe+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++http://www.bootdisk.com/bootlist.htm ^^^http://www.bootdisk.com/ 025 4/10/2002The BootLISTWelcome to the 25th edition of The BootLISTINDEX 1) Long Beeps On POST2) FAT32 And XP3) How To Backup/Restore/Move MS Outlook Data4) How To Read NTFS Partitions With A Bootdisk5) Background Apps Database6) Filenames Change When Burning CDs7) How To Remove Duplicate Entries In msconfig Startup8) Evidence Eliminator9) How To Remove lop.com Nastyware10) My Printer Wont Print Color11) How To Remove Icons From Control Panel12) How To Tell How Much My Windows 98 Drive Is FragmentedFeatured Utility: Access Your Computer From Any Web Browseris a really cool technology that lets you access your work or home computer from any Web Browser. Easy set up in minutes. Allows you to work from home or the road and gives you secure and immediate access to your email, files, programs and network resources from anywhere.########################################1) Long Beeps On POSTlernervonbraun asks - When I start my PC, I get long beeps at regular intervals and the monitor led blinks. After a few on/off sequences, I get the customary short beep and the PC boots well enough. This behavior is quite erratic and there is no apparent pattern to it.*** Most likely a poorly seated AGP Video card or ram.########################################2) FAT32 And XPalex asks - I've acquired a 80Gb Hard Disk. I run hard disk administrator (the first time, and wow ! a complete graphical fdisk :)I 'partitioned' the first 20 Gb in FAT 32I 'partitioned' the second 20 Gb in FAT 32Then it left a 40 Gb free space...When i try to format it, i could do it ONLY in NTFS...a) Can't have 3 FAT32 partitions ?b) Can't have a FAT32 partition over (for example) 35 Gb ?c) why ? :)Bruce C. answers:By design, neither Win2K nor WinXP will format a FAT32 partition larger than 32 Gb. Microsoft has determined that NTFS is a more efficient file system for larger partitions.Limitations of the FAT32 File System in Windows XPhttp://support.microsoft.com/directory/article.asp?ID=kb;en-us;Q314463########################################3) How To Backup/Restore/Move MS Outlook DataTuz asks - I [use Microsoft Outlook and] am about to format PC but I want to keep EVERY email I have as well as EVERYONE in my addressbook. I cant afford for any stuff ups. Please can somebody advise me how I can backup all my details safely?Boomer says:Here you go (for 2000 and 98)OL2000: (CW) How to Back Up, Restore, or Move Outlook Data http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;EN-US;q195719OL98: (CW) How to Back Up, Restore, or Move Outlook Data http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;EN-US;q181014s-meister adds: This is a very useful piece of info that only lacks the link for Outlook XP/2002 users. The relevant link ishttp://support.microsoft.com/search/preview.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;Q287070########################################4) How To Read NTFS Partitions With A BootdiskBen asks - Is there any way to read and write to a 2000 NTFS partition after booting with a bootdisk.*** I've often read that people use NTFSDOS Pro to do this:http://www.sysinternals.com/ntw2k/freeware/ntfsdospro.shtml########################################5) Background Apps DatabaseJeremy G. inquires - Win 98FE, Most of the of the background apps I recognize, one that puzzles me is Csinject - any idea what this could be?*** This is an excellent page for such questions:http://www.3feetunder.com/krick/startlist.htm########################################6) Filenames Change When Burning CDskorkis asks - I need some help, I want to burn some video files to a data cd, but when i usually make them, the filenames change, eg: Buffy 6x07 - Once More With Feeling.mpgbecomes,BUFFY_6_07_ONCE_M.MPGWhy? how can i stop this from happening?Ralph Wade P. states:Because you're using the ISO9660 format only. Set it to Joilette(?sp) format.########################################7) How To Remove Duplicate Entries In msconfig StartupTommo asks - Hi, my question is this, in msconfig under the startup tab I have multiple duplicate entries for the same programs, the list is getting quite long. I want to delete all the duplicates, does anyone know how I can do this ...*** There's probably a utility that can do that but I dont recall one offhand. When you use msconfig to disable background apps it saves them in the registry in the Run- and/or RunServices- branch. Run regedit and search for Run- and you'll see the duplicates there in the right hand screen after the search finishes. You can just delete the keys you dont want anymore.########################################8) Evidence EliminatorJulie D. asks - When I use the Evidence Eliminator programme, I then have to perform a partial reinstall of Office the next time I enter one of the Office applications(ie Word).*** Uninstall Evidence Eliminator. I have nothing good to say about it.########################################9) How To Remove lop.com NastywareIan H. inquires - I am running Win98se and IE 5.5, and it appears IExplorer has been hijacked. Whenever I get "This Page cannot be found" or "404 Not found" the page reverts to "http://www.lop.com/" and its popups.Jimchip replies:The short answer is to try to use the lop utilitieshttp://www.lop.com/uninstall.exe andhttp://lop.com/toolbar_uninstall.exe########################################10) My Printer Wont Print ColorMsBrniiiz asks - I have a Deskjet 500C printer which wont print in colour. I'm not sure why this is happening all of a sudden. I've searched this thread and found a website for drivers. They didn't have the driver for my printer. Is there anything else I can check or do to correct this?*** You might have run out of ink. To test that theory. Select Control Panel Printers Right Click on the printer in question Then choose Properties Click on Print Test Page.If your printer works and spits out a blank page then you [may] need a new cart. I've also used head cleaning fluid and a cotton swab to clean the printer cart heads. On many printers there is also a well under where the carts park on the right and that should be cleaned out as well while you're at it.########################################11) How To Remove Icons From Control PanelKheehua - Hi sometimes a program puts its icon in the control panel. After uninstalltion of said program the icon is still inside control panel (eg is S3 video card icon). How do I remove its icon?*** Start Find Enter in *.cpl and select C: or My Computer Then find the app you want to remove and delete the *.cpl file. If you look at the names of the *.cpl files they are pretty self explanatory.########################################12) How To Tell How Much My Windows 98 Drive Is FragmentedH. ran. asks - How can I tell how much my Windows 98 hard drive is fragmented. It used to tell me in Windows 95 but it doesn't tell me in Windows 98.*** Use Crackup:http://ftp.zdnet.com/acq/downloads/pub/zd/PCMag/crackup.zip+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++http://www.bootdisk.com/bootlist.htm ^^^http://www.bootdisk.com/ 026 4/15/2002The BootLISTWelcome to the 26th edition of The BootLISTINDEX 1) XP Notebook CD On Another System2) Easy Way To Send Voicemail3) XP Restarts Instead Of Shutting Down4) XP Taskbar Takes 2 Minutes To Load5) MS Works 3.0 On XP6) Access To My Documents Denied7) Is High Or True Color Best8) Where To Plug In Floppy Drive9) Dual Processors With XP10) Remote Control11) CDroms-How Long Should They Last12) Use Laptop Is In ChineseFeatured Utility: Access Your Computer From Any Web Browseris a really cool technology that lets you access your work or home computer from any Web Browser. Easy set up in minutes. Allows you to work from home or the road and gives you secure and immediate access to your email, files, programs and network resources from anywhere.########################################1) XP Notebook CD On Another Systemchenyin5 asks - I need to install windows xp which came with my new Toshiba notebook to my other PC where windows 98 is installed.*** Chances are you have a proprietary CD that will only work on your laptop. They are customized for the hardware within. If you want to put a new OS on your other PC I'd surely want to own a standard Windows CD for that. Make sure in advance that drivers are available for the "other" PC first, especially if it's another notebook.########################################2) Easy Way To Send VoicemailMartin asks - I have a friend in Sweden to whom I would like to send a recording of my voice by e-mail. I don't have the foggiest idea how that would be accomplished.Al G. suggests:http://www.handybits.com/voicemail.htm########################################3) XP Restarts Instead Of Shutting DownRayo wants to know - Hi, Windows XP Home edition is working fairly good,but I have a problem. Instead of Windows shutting down,it does a reboot. If I can remember,this only happened when I installed 7 critical updates. Any advise pleaseThorsten M. suggests:See "Windows XP Restarts When You Try to Shut Down Your Computer"http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;EN-US;Q311806########################################4) XP Taskbar Takes 2 Minutes To LoadArthur wrote - The taskbar under windows xp takes a long time to load everytime it start. It will take around 2 minutes ++. During those 2 minutes, the mouse will displayed the busy icon when you hover the taskbar, and the volume icon is missing.Tried installing the OS again twice. But the problem still exist.Can someone out there shed a light on this.*** You may have a nasty background app that's having trouble loading up. Perhaps it's one you transplanted to XP that came with your Win95 PC. I assume you did an overlay install so that's why the problem persisted. Check out what programs you have set to run as windows boots up. Start disabling them to find out which one it is.########################################5) MS Works 3.0 On XPfamgly asks - I'm getting an HP Pavilion 750 XP and want to know if my old MSWorks 3.0 version will install/run on the new computer.*** I highly doubt it. MS Works versions generally need to be mated with new versions of MS OS's.########################################6) Access To My Documents Deniedp.rodg inquires - Without warning, access to My Documents is denied by Windows 98. Refuses to open directly or through my text application. No error are found by DiskMinder. What can I do to regain access to my files ?Tacitus suggests trying:From start, programs select msdos prompt.Type: attrib -r -h -s c:\mydocu~1 (for ~ hold down the shift key and press the key on top left)Press enterClose the DOS windowNow see if you can access the folder.If not then use Windows Explorer to open the windows\temp folder. Delete any files inside this sub-folder (they are junk anyway). When this folder contains a lot of (useless) files, strange errors can occur.Also run Scandisk and fix any file system errors.Andreas K. suggests:Error Message Opening My Documents Folder from the Start Menu (Q275207): http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;EN-US;q275207My Documents Folder Does Not Open When You Double-click the My Documents Icon (Q267691): http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;EN-US;q267691My Documents Folder on the Desktop Does Not Open (Q201264): http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;EN-US;q201264Problems with User Profiles and My Documents Folder (Q195110): http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;EN-US;q195110Unable to Use the My Documents Shortcut on the Desktop (Q189952): http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;EN-US;q189952########################################7) Is High Or True Color Bestwolf posts - Which setting, High Color or True Color, is the best setting for a monitor. What are the differences?Bavlos responds:High colour = Max of 65,536 colours per image.True colour = Max of 16,777,216 colours per image.As you can tell, a true colour image would look better than high, just as a 256 colour image looks better than a 16 colour image. But the more colours you use, the slower (albeit not by much) your screen can draw them, and the more memory it uses to show them. That said, if you take a screenshot of a web image in high colour, you're not getting the entire original image; but you would if you screenshotted it in true colour.########################################8) Where To Plug In Floppy DriveCatufo posts - I unplugged the cable from my floppy drive. After having plugged it back again. A new drive B appeared in windows explorer. Drive A doesn't work anymore. But drive B does. I only have one floppy drive. At boot up I get a "floppy drive failed (40) error.*** When you only have one floppy drive you connect it to the end of the cable. You reconnected yours to the middle connection on the cable.########################################9) Dual Processors With XPEric asks - Just a real quick question. my motherboard can support two processors. will XP use the second processor and if it does is there anything special i have to do to make it recognize it? i have not installed the second processor yet.Michael D. says:XP Pro supports dual processors, XP Home only supports a single processor.########################################10) Remote ControlJohn questions - I have a small network set up at home to share my cable broadband. I have two computers hooked through a wired router.My question is, can I access the desktop of my second computer? I already have shared the entire system, but can I access the desktop similar to a PC Anywhere program, without using that remote program? I'd like to take control of the system, and run a program on that system from my main computer. Is that possible? I have WIN-ME on my main computer and WIN98SE on the second system.Tom G. posts in response:Either of these will do nicely, and they are free (open source :-)http://www.tightvnc.org/http://www.tridiavnc.com/########################################11) CDroms-How Long Should They LastSongSmith asks - Please help me to understand - I go through a ridiculous amount of Cd roms. At least, I did until I quit buying the cheapest Fry's Electronics had to sell. (They were warranteed for 30 days and I had THREE that went bad between 31 and 45 days after I bought them!)*** In that case you got what you paid for.It's true tho that the faster spinning CDroms do seem to wear out quickly if you compare them to the older, slower spinning ones. For example, a man who uses his CDrom to play a flight sim game or golf game every day for 12 hours may wear out his CDrom in 3 to 6 months depending on the brand. A kid who plays games after school 4 hours/day that require continual AXS to the CDrom may wear out his CDrom in a year.In the new systems I build I always put in a standard CDrom in addition to the RW. I suggest using the Read Only device for games and music. This puts the wear and tear on the less expensive part.########################################12) Use Laptop Is In ChineseLewis B. posts - I have recently been given a laptop and all of the settings are in Chinese. I have changed all of the regional settings to try to get it into English but it will not change?Ken B. answers:If I acquired a used computer, the very first thing I would do with it would be to reformat the drive and reinstall Windows fresh. I'm almost always against doing this, but in this case I wouldn't hesitate for a moment. It wouldn't just be a matter of the language; I wouldn't want to have to live with somebody else's mistakes in how he set up the computer.Especially in this case, since it would appear that you have a Chinese version of Windows installed.+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++http://www.bootdisk.com/bootlist.htm ^^^http://www.bootdisk.com/ 027 4/20/2002The BootLISTWelcome to the 27th edition of The BootLISTINDEX 1) Install XP With RAID Controller2) How To Use msconfig In XP3) Windows 98 To XP Upgrade Procedures4) General Packet Sniffing Advice5) How To Replace system.ini6) Will I Lose My BIOS Settings If I Replace The Battery7) Protecting Your Privacy & Security on a Home PC8) Do I Have A Power Supply Problem9) Using Scanreg /restore To Kill Virus Damage10) DSL Bits Vs. Bytes11) Cant Email Large Files12) Will Adding RAM Require An XP Activation########################################1) Install XP With RAID ControllerStephan P. asks - I wanted to install Windows XP today, but the Setup tells me that it cant find any harddiscs to write on. I think that is because no harddiscs are connected to IDE1 or IDE2 on the motherboard. Instead my harddiscs are connected to my onboard Promise-Raid-Controller. How can I tell Windows to copy the files via the Promise-controller?Alex C. answers:Did you get a driver disk with it? With most RAID controllers you have to specify and install the driver before Windows knows it is there. Usually by pressing F6 when prompted on the initial blue setup screen and getting it to load the drivers off a floppy.########################################2) How To Use msconfig In XPCharlie posts - How do I remove a program that starts every time I boot up? This program is not in Start, Programs, Startup! In 98, I could uncheck the box in startup, in the configuration utility. How do I do it with XP? ThanksaXiOn says:Start->Run-> (type) msconfigThis gives you thelist of your startup items...Thorsten M. responds:The same way. See "How to Troubleshoot By Using the Msconfig Utility in Windows XP"http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;EN-US;Q310560*** OK yes its a basic question but the the MS KB article Thorsten pointed to includes some interesting points and it also has within it some very useful links.########################################3) Windows 98 To XP Upgrade Proceduresekohl asks - I am currently using Windows 98 SE and I wish to purchase Windows XP. I'd like to put XP on its own, empty partition. The question I have is this: Can I simply get the upgrade edition of XP, or do I have to spring for the version of XP that is intended for systems without Windows? Will the upgrade version detect Windows 98 on my main partition? Or, will it look for my Windows 98 installation CD?Donny B. replies:You may purchase the Upgrade Edition. Please see the pages below for details.http://www.winsupersite.com/showcase/windowsxp_sg_9xupgrade.asphttp://www.aumha.org/a/xpupgradz.htmIf you decide that you're not happy with XP, you may get a full refund, within thirty days:http://www.microsoft.com/INFO/NAReturns.HTM########################################4) General Packet Sniffing AdviceJimchip posts some general advice regarding Packet Sniffing:I've been trying to learn a little more about some privacy issues involving packet sniffing and darned if Robert Graham didn't have a good bit on that. It's a bit dated but a good start:http://www.robertgraham.com/pubs/sniffing-faq.html(Chapter 3 discusses cable modems for those interested)And some free sniffers at:http://www.ethereal.com/http://netgroup-serv.polito.it/analyzer/########################################5) How To Replace system.inijamesbisceglia2122 has a question - My system.ini file has gone goofy. I need to repair or replace it. How can I do this?*** I like to use DOS or a DOS window and go to the Windows folder and type:dir system.*Which should or may show you several backup copies of system.ini with name like system.bak, system.001 or lingo associated with the program that backed it up before they modified it. To try an earlier version of system.ini I first type:copy system.ini system.eeeto backup my current versionThen, I note a version close in date to the current version lets say I found system.bak there so I type:copy system.bak system.iniand say yes when it wants to overwrite the original.Reboot and see if it works. BTW, system.ini is NOT that hard to fix unless it's been scrambled by a virus.########################################6) Will I Lose My BIOS Settings If I Replace The Batteryres0k7z1 asks - Hi, I've got a question. How do I replace the battery on my motherboard? If I remove it wont I lose all of my BIOS settings and all of the other stuff needed to start, or is there a time limit in which I can put a new battery in?*** Chances are YES, you WILL lose your original BIOS settings. The most important ones to record on paper are the Hard Drive settings, then the PCI Resource card settings if you've tweaked them previously.########################################7) Protecting Your Privacy & Security on a Home PCV W W. was kind enough to provide a link to Protecting Your Privacy & Security on a Home PChttp://www.staff.uiuc.edu/~ehowes/main-nf.htm########################################8) Do I Have A Power Supply Problemgolfchanman asks - I have a Gateway Select 475 computer that seems to have a power supply problem.The reason I think it is a power supply problem is that if the computer is on for a long period of time, I start getting "fatal exception" errors and other malfunctions. However, if I turn it off for sometime and then re-boot it seems to work fine.Am I right about this or might this be an indication of another problem? (I would call Gateway Tech Support) but it is out of warranty.Ron M. replies:I would put overheating as the prime suspect, and an overheated power supply would fit into that category.Check the power supply cooling fan. Put your hand over the round grill on the back of the computer while it is running. If you feel air coming out of the computer and it is not especially warm then the power supply cooling fan is okay and the power supply is probably not overheating. Also feel the top of the computer case immediately above the fan grill and see if that feels noticeably warmer than the rest of the case. If it is then there may be excessive heat being generated by the power supply.Open the computer case and look for any accumulation of dust or fuzz. Dust is an excellent insulator and chips heavily coated with dust can overheat even thought the fans are all working. Remove the dust and fuzz with compressed air.Check the CPU cooling fan and make sure it is spinning freely with no noise or vibration. If the computer is 3 years old or older replace the CPU fan with a new ball bearing model designed for your specific make and model of CPU. They are not expensive and they do not last forever.########################################9) Using Scanreg /restore To Kill Virus DamageVoliver ShagNasty inquires - Are there any limitations on using this procedure (Scanreg /restore)?A work associate of my wife's thinks her PC is afflicted with several viruses. Rather than dipping the HDD in formaldehyde and starting anew, can I not just "restore" to known good date?*** Yes there are many limitations. If you are using Windows Me it even gets more complicated. For starters tho, you DON'T use scanreg /restore to get rid of a virus or virus damage. All scanreg /restore is supposed to do is rewrite your current registry with an older one. True, the calls to a virus may not be in an older registry but the all the virus files are still on your system.########################################10) DSL Bits Vs. BytesFizzy asks - I recently upgraded to DSL but have noticed that whenever I'm downloading anything, the transfer rate never seems to go above 50kbs. Is this correct?? I thought I'd be achieving over 500kbs!!Beck explains:That is correct. You should get between 50-60 . Its 500 kBITS per/sec therefore 50 kBYTES per sec.Olaf adds:You need to find out exactly what DSL service [your DSL ISP] have supplied you with. They're usually a multiple of 128, so you may have either a 128,256,384 or 512kbps (kilobits per second) service. The transfer speed measured in your browser is in kB/sec (kilo bytes per second) where a byte is 8 bits. If you're receiving 50kB/sec then thats approx 400kbps which is probably about right for a 512kbs connection. Your speed will vary depending on time of day and traffic on the internet########################################11) Cant Email Large Filesandrew s. inquires - I'm having problems sending large emails (715kb) and was wondering what I can do about it as I have broadband this should not be happening.*** Having broadband has nothing [directly] to do with your problem. Indirectly however, your ISP or your receivers ISP for example may have put a cap on the size of individual emails. For example, my business partner has cable service and his broadband service has a 500K cap on emails he can receive. He can send out any size, but cant receive any email over 500K. It would be just as easy for his ISP to put a cap on outgoing email as well.########################################12) Will Adding RAM Require An XP ActivationBen T. posts - Will adding ram to windows xp pro require me to reactivate the OS? I was thinking about doubling it from 128 to 256. Or does it have to be a more significant change?Scarecrow answers:No it wont. You are allowed six major hardware changes in six months before windows will require you to reactivate. Even if you make numerous hardware changes in a short time frame and have to reactivate, what's the big deal anyway? Microsoft wont ask you to give up your first born or anything despite what some people will have you believe.+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++http://www.bootdisk.com/bootlist.htm ^^^http://www.bootdisk.com/ 028 4/25/2002The BootLISTWelcome to the 28th edition of The BootLISTINDEX 1) XP Firewall And Zone Alarm2) Why Does Defrag Restart3) How To Delete Files That Are In Use4) Paul - xxx Helps Us Copy Stubborn CDs5) 5 Minute Pause6) Free Space On C: With NT7) Both CDroms Stopped Working In Windows Me8) Turn Off PNP In Me9) Net Traffic Logger10) How To Password Protect Your PC While Away From Home11) Resource Drain And System Crashes12) Adding RAM What Slot Is Best########################################1) XP Firewall And Zone AlarmMartin asks - My OS is XP Pro. When it was 98, I used ZA and was very happy with it. Now that XP Pro has its own firewall, I can't use ZA unless I neutralize the former.Ron M. replies:The XP firewall is pretty good with respect to blocking intruders. There is very little if any difference between it and Zone Alarm for that purpose.Where Zone Alarm has an advantage is in the control of unwanted outgoing traffic originating from your computer, such as a Trojan spreading itself or a Spyware "phone home" program that gets installed. The XP firewall will do nothing about these.If you are having problems with Zone Alarm and Windows XP you should make sure you have the latest Zone Alarm version from their web site. And you should check the technical notes on the ZoneLabs web site for anything regarding XP. There are no widespread problems with ZA and XP that I am aware of.########################################2) Why Does Defrag Restartdwaller asks - Why does defrag stop part way through the process, then restart. Screen saver is off.*** There are dozens of reasons. Most likely tho a program is running in the background and writing to your hard drive. See the document below:http://www.bootdisk.com/protips.htm#failsafe########################################3) How To Delete Files That Are In UseZyteck asks - I need to remove a file, but whenever I try to, it just says that the file is being use by another process.....even though I've shut everything down. I thought I could maybe delete the file from dos without loading the O.S-hence no processes running?JM answers:For deleting "files that are in use", I have boot disk handy. Works every time.Just Annutha Dewd adds:When booting your computer... keep pressing the F8 key until you get a menu of boot options. Select "Safe Mode with Command Prompt" and hit the enter key. Once loaded, you should be able to accomplish what you need to do.########################################4) Paul - xxx Helps Us Copy Stubborn CDsPaul - xxx waffled in response to a Clone CD post- I also use Copy protection detection ... http://www.pctip.ch/downloads/dl/17291.aspTeams up with Clone CD nicely ... for those 'stubborn' cd's ...########################################5) 5 Minute PauseMax R. posts - [On] my computer there is (W98) about every 5 minutes a certain background-activity on my harddisk for about 2 secs. (no running applications) - that leads f.e. to disturbing effects: running a music-player it stops playing for this 2 seconds, no mouse-reaction too. Afterwards it continues to play.Jimchip replies:Hit Control-alt-del just once and see what is running. Is there modem activity? Do you have Office 2000's findfast running? Have you done a virus scan and a Trojan scan? Do you use Ad-Aware to check for 'spyware'?Miggsee says:Are you running MS Office? It might be the FindFast Indexer. Go to Start>Programs>StartUp. Is FindFast listed? If it is, please post back for proper directions for removal.What do you have listed in Start> Run > type msconfig> OK> StartUp tab?*** Surely the fact that the PC is pausing means there is some "running application". I may even be MS Critical Update Notification which can be removed via Add/Remove and if I'm not mistaken has a 5 minute "phone home" applet running by default. One could of course use msconfig startup or some other startup manager to ID the culprit.########################################6) Free Space On C: With NTkronstadt inquires - After several months of great use, a strange problem has cropped up with my Win2000 Pro OS. Three times now, a few minutes after booting up, the screen has just up and froze...mouse, text, even the clock stays at the same time. The only cure is to reboot. My hard disk is getting pretty full, but this problem still occurred (even faster than before) after I deleted a few dozen megs. Any ideas out there?*** You may have to delete hundreds of megs instead of dozens of megs. Microsoft recommends that W2K and XP users have at least 2 gig free on C: at all times.########################################7) Both CDroms Stopped Working In Windows MeSkippy asks - Im working on a friends computer. She got it from Gateway. P4 128 Ram CD RW and a DVD she was using it and said that all of a sudden one day she couldnt use either her DVD rom or CDRw. I came along and tried to play with it.The DVD or CDRw Dont seem to read any data from Cd/dvds. I tried uninstalling all of the Cd writer Progs shes got and that didnt work. tried the plugs still nothing. Tried uninstalling the devices in Device manager (She running ME). When I insert a cd/dvd and click on the drive it says Please insert disk. well theres a disk in there.Basically one of my options is to Reinstall windows. (Dont really want to)Any Ideas on what could help this problem. Also as to what caused it.*** Since both CD drives stopped working at the same time I would check Device Manager and see if there are any alerts for the CD roms. A boot sector virus can disable your CDroms as well as a noide key in the registry. A noide key in the registry can be written there by simply installing some new software.You can run regedit and search for a noide key in the registry and simply delete it. To properly check for a boot sector virus you have to boot with a clean disk and then run an anti-virus from DOS.I too would doubt the connections on a Gateway as they tend to use "tight" fitting cables both data and power as they have to in order to accommodate [prevent] the potential problems associated with shipping PCs. If both CDroms are on the same channel I'd also check the bios to make sure the channel is enabled as a power glitch can do odd things to the bios including changing item settings.Reinstalling Windows over itself [assuming that's an option with their "quick restore CDs"] will most likely NOT fix the problem. Assuming your hardware is OK yes a fresh Windows install would fix the problem but that is really your LAST resort.########################################8) Turn Off PNP In Mefarm78 asks - I need to turn off plug and play to do some tests on my puter. does anyone know how to do it in ME.*** First step is to turn off PNP in the BIOS. You will find a tweak like PNP OS=Yes/No. Choose no.########################################9) Net Traffic LoggerJon h. asks - Is there a utility that logs, over a month period, the to net traffic. I cannot find one. There are ones that do it for the period your PC is on and it resets itself when the PC is rebooted.Leony suggests:Try DuMeter:http://www.dumeter.com/It's logs daily. weekly and monthly use and you can export to excel, txt, html and a few more.########################################10) How To Password Protect Your PC While Away From Homep.salah asks - I am soon to spend a few days away from home on business. Can anyone give me advice on how to put a password or protection on my computer to stop my very computer literate nephews going on it whilst I am away. Asking them not to go on my PC is no good! I need reassurance that they cannot get past the booting stage.*** Setting a system password is your best bet. The option "should" be in your BIOS. For tips on getting into your BIOS see here:http://www.bootdisk.com/readme.htm#biosHowever, if your nephews feel like taking the cover off your PC then getting past a bios system password may not work for long.########################################11) Resource Drain And System CrashesS Rugbeer questions - I have a P3 550Mhz, 96 Megs ram, Win 98SE. When I start IE5.5 my resources are about 85%. No other programs are running. The system resources and user resources gradually falls with time, until the system freezes and my pc crashes.This happens when Im online for about 2 hrs. I tried working offline and opened about 50 ie windows until my resources were about 5%. I left the pc on for about 3 hrs, but it did not crash. I closed all windows of ie and all my resources were restored. When online and I have low resources, and I close all windows, my resources are not restored. So it seems the problem only occurs when online.I have a Dynalink 56K modem with a rockwell chipset. I've updated my modem drivers, but it still only shows DTE speed, and not line speed. I've also flashed my Bios, but it didn't help. Any help would be greatly appreciated, as it is very frustrating.Ron M. says:The results when you are online indicates that something else is affecting things when you are online.What happens if you are online and you close everything and also go offline? Does that result in significantly more resources being recovered than if you just closed everything and remained online?Do you have any background tasks or functions that might just be kicking in when the computer is online? Spyware, automatic updates, that sort of thing?Use Start - Run - MSCONFIG and go to the Startup tab. Look over the list of items that are loading at startup and compare it with the following checklist web sites to see what can be safely dispensed with:http://www2.whidbey.com/djdenham/Uncheck.htm http://www.pacs-portal.co.uk/startup_content.htm http://www.3feetunder.com/krick/startlist.htm - has trojan related items listedNote: Please ensure that you fully understand the purpose of a startup item, how and why it was put into the startup, and the consequences (if any) of removing it before you make any changes. Some items are very important for the proper and safe functioning of your computer, including at least one item that is listed twice.And if you do not already have it you should download and install AdAware to help keep your system clean. Get it from http://www.lavasoft.de/aaw/########################################12) Adding RAM What Slot Is BestFred asks - My HP Pavilion 6645C Comp. has presently one 64MB (PC66/100 SDRAM DIMMs) chip, I would like to add some more memory, my question is could I add in the second slot a 128MB chip and leave in the first the 64MB or they must be the same in both slots?Ron M. replies:There is no need for both modules to be the same size, so adding 128 mb would be okay.However, it is not uncommon for motherboards to require that the largest module be in the first slot so you may have to move the 64 mb to the second slot. The original HP documentation should mention this if it is okay.Also double check the HP documentation to ensure that it will in fact use a 128 mb RAM module if it is installed. Sometimes computers, especially older ones, will not take the larger size modules being used today.Finally because HP tends to be somewhat proprietary in their design (although not as bad as Compaq in that regard) it might be prudent to purchase RAM that is specifically certified as being compatible with your actual HP model. That would probably require that you purchase the RAM through Crucial (http://www.crucial.com/) or Kingston (http://www.kingston.com/) rather than from your local dealer or discount store, but the end results may be worth doing so.+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++http://www.bootdisk.com/bootlist.htm ^^^http://www.bootdisk.com/ 029 4/30/2002The BootLISTWelcome to the 29th edition of The BootLISTINDEX 1) Parallel Card Problem2) Problems With LAVA PCI Parallel Port Card3) Scandisk Runs Even After Proper Shutdown4) Read Only File Transfer Problem5) Mixing PC100 And PC133 RAM6) Need Help With Outlook Express Spellcheck Problem7) ME Resource Problem8) Yahoo And "Web Beacons"9) What does ECC Registered RAM mean10) L2 Cache########################################1) Parallel Card ProblemWilliam S. writes - I have a SIIG CyberParallel PCI Card. And my problem is strange. Everyone in a while the computer looses the card. I go to device manager and there is NO LPT2 listed. I shut down reboot even from a cold start and still no card. The only way I have gotten it back was to open up the computer, remove the card. Boot, shut down, reinstall the card, and boot. Then it finds new hardware and its back.*** The slot its in may be not be up to "par". I dont mean to say it's bad and up to par may be a poor choice of words, but I guess what I mean is it just may lose one of the contacts now and then. If you look at your card's gold contacts you will see lots of scrape marks. Perhaps trying a new slot for the card may work as a different slot will contact the card in different places.Or, and yes this happens, Windows when it boots assigns IRQs in the order the cards are in your PCI slots. Perhaps it gets "confused" now and then and assigns the resources incorrectly. Trying a different slot or rearranging your PCI cards may solve that problem also.PSyBoRG suggests:This option might not appear in your BIOS, if not then ignore this post. Next time the problem appears go into your BIOS and change the option "Reset Configuration Data" from "No" to "Yes", save options, exit, and see if the card reappears. If yes, might suggest a BIOS problem. If you've got a setting for "Plug and Play OS" Try changing the setting and see if that helps.########################################2) Problems With LAVA PCI Parallel Port CardStavros B. asks - Here is my dilemma.In a PC I built whenever I put he PCI Parallel Slot Card in (Lava Parallel-PCI)I boot it up and the system will not go to bios, don't even hear a POST beep or two! When i take the card out, the system boots PERFECTLY. I tried every PCI slot on the board, made sure every time it was seated properly and all. I even took it back, had them test it, and exchanged it. (both ones worked on their machines, both ones didn't on mine!)*** Lava is a good brand. However, NOT every Lava card will work on every motherboard. It's like RAM for example eg certain brands just wont work with every motherboard. To fix your problem, see if you can use an older or newer Lava card, or try a different brand.########################################3) Scandisk Runs Even After Proper ShutdownCalum D. posts - What causes a pc running win98 to keep running scandisk at bootup even after a controlled shutdown ?*** Boot to DOS and go to C: or just open a DOS box while in WindowsType attrib -h -r -s msdos.sysType edit msdos.sysChange the value in AutoScan=1 to AutoScan=0Then hit File Save########################################4) Read Only File Transfer ProblemPerri inquires - Hi - I copied a file from an older version of wordperfect (7) onto my new Sony notebook's CDRW using a new CD for this purpose.Problem is I have installed wordperfect 10 and I want to transfer this file there - but all I get is that my file is a 'read only' file. What am I doing wrong?Rick H. answers:A file copied from a cd is always read only. Right click on the file. Click on properties with the left mouse button. Look in the tabs for the read only mark. And remove it.########################################5) Mixing PC100 And PC133 RAMspooky760 asks - Can running a mix of pc100 and pc133 memory on an athlon thunderbird at 1.4ghz cause freezing problems. I am pretty sure that is my diagnosis. When I turned the system bus down to 100mhz from 133 the freezing stopped. Just looking for confirmation.Graham W. B. responds:Um, if you run PC100 at PC133 speed, there will be problems!!You can, however, run PC133 at PC100 with no problems.Hunsen B. adds:PC100 memory is rated to run at a _maximum_ of 100 MHz. If you try running it at 133 MHz, you'll be lucky if your system even boots.You can always run at less than the maximum rated speed, and most motherboards can handle memory banks with different speed ratings, but can only run as fast as the slowest memory on the board.########################################6) Need Help With Outlook Express Spellcheck Problemsitting posts - I am setting up my new Windows XP PC. When sending email in Outlook Express the spell checker does not work. Outlook Express advises that spellcheck will only work if MS Word or MS Works is installed. The PC came with Corel Wordperfect pre-installed, not MS Word or Works. In an attempt to solve the problem I installed MS Word 97 which came with my old PC; didn't solve the problem.Is there a work-around solution for this, or do I have to install a Win XP compatible version of MS Word, etc.?*** Yes you need the upgrade.########################################7) ME Resource ProblemFrodo9x asks - I am running Windows ME with a 933 MHZ processor and 384 megs of ram. I have disabled everything I can identify in msconfig and I am also running mem turbo. Mem turbo says I have 102 megs of ram free but my system keeps dropping to 8 % resources. What is causing this and how do i fix it ?*** First step is to get rid of MemTurboRon M. adds:Any problems on a system running MemTurbo are likely either being caused by MemTurbo or are being made worse because it is installed.First suggestion therefore is to get rid of MemTurbo. There is absolutely no possible benefit in using this program under any circumstances. Period.########################################8) Yahoo And "Web Beacons"Oxford Systems Posts a Heads Up:Yahoo is now using something called "Web Beacons" to track you around the net & see what you are doing. ...like cookies...... Take a look at:http://privacy.yahoo.com/privacy/us/pixels/details.htmlAbout halfway down the page there's a link that lets you opt-out. Me? I opted out and advised my children and family to do the same. Others may feel differently...########################################9) What does ECC Registered RAM meankoorb asks - What does ECC Registered RAM mean?Psytaurx answers:ECC stands for either Error Checking and Correcting, or Error Correcting Code.Ralph Wade P. adds:To add to what Psytaurx said, the "Registered" is a fancy way of saying "Buffered". That is, the data is fed into a register chip - which then feeds the motherboard. It's also buffered going the other way.Why are these important?Well, if it's ECC, then there's enough data there that an ECC-supporting motherboard could regenerate simple errors no problem (with 64 bits of data and 8 bits of ECC, you should be able to regenerate 2 bit errors and be notified of 3 bit errors easily ... but it depends on the way the motherboard handles ECC.)And, the "register" allows you to reduce the capacitive load on the chipset, allowing MORE chips to be connected to it, allowing MORE memory to be used. The downside is that there is a finite length of time required for the data to percolate through the buffer - adding a wait state (or, in today's terms, upping the CAS Latency) by at least one clock tick (i.e., CAS2 memory, when registered, becomes CAS3 in effect ... )BUT - it's a more reliable type of memory.Is the reliability worth the extra money? Usually not - but I did buy some 256M ECC/Registered DIMMs for less than unregistered-nonECC back in December ...########################################10) L2 CacheMark H. questions - Anyone know what L2 cache is and how to enable it. I am not to familiar with that.Oxford Systems replies:L2 cache is a specialized portion of memory either integrated into the microprocessor (modern chips) or found on the motherboard and it's used for storing data and/or instructions that have been most recently accessed or which or expected to be needed (adjacent sector data) by the processor within the next few cycles. Since the cache is "local" to the processor and is "static" rather than "dynamic" memory, it can be accessed much faster than if the processor has to read regular RAM or the disk subsystem.L2 cache is enabled on most systems by default. If you need to enable/disable, it is done via the system BIOS. You'll need to enter setup at boot to get to that feature.+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++http://www.bootdisk.com/bootlist.htm ^^^http://www.bootdisk.com/ 030 5/05/2002The BootLISTWelcome to the 30th edition of The BootLISTINDEX 1) I Am Considering Updating To XP2) AMD XP CPUs Compared To Older Anthons3) Burned Video CDs Will Only Play On My PC4) UMAX Scanner And XP5) How To Assign Drive Letters In XP6) Dual Boot XP And Windows 2000 On New PC7) Corrupted Outlook Express File Folders8) Help With Blocking Email Spam9) Why Install Older OS First For Dual Boot?10) I'd Like To Test My Firewall Settings########################################1) I Am Considering Updating To XPforest asks - I am considering updating to xp. Please could someone advise me what will happen to my modem and usb drivers currently on windows 98. Will the new os replace them so i can use the internet and digital camera for example.Thor says:Whether there will be XP compatible drivers installed automatically depends on the brand and model of modem. As for the USB, if it's on-board, chances are that XP will have the appropriate drivers. XP's install process includes an evaluation phase that will hopefully note any devices and applications that might not function properly after the upgrade. I would advise you to check with the modem manufacturer to see if there is an XP available for your modem, should it be necessary to install one if you upgrade. External devices like cameras, scanners printers, etc. may need updated drivers from their respective manufacturers to work properly in XP. As for whether you should upgrade, that depends. What kind of machine do you have? How old is it? What are the specifications?*** It's a pretty safe bet that a computer that's been made since 1/1/2000 will run XP just fine.########################################2) AMD XP CPUs Compared To Older Anthonssligo posts - What is difference between the XP model and other athlon processors?Dom F answers:It's the latest series. Significantly, it's the first AMD series to use model numbers rather than clock speeds - the XP concentrates on IPC (Instructions per cycle) rather than just clock speed - so they have a lower clock speed but generally better performance than Intel P4's. The XP2200+ will be the last in the AthlonXP series using the Palomino core.http://www.amd.com/athlonxp for info.Oxford Systems adds:The Athlon XP has "data prefetch" which speeds up operations by decreasing the amount of time the processor has to wait for instructions, has "screaming sindy" SSE instruction (otherwise known as MMX) licensed from Intel (so it is able to run faster in MMX optimized applications like PhotoShop and Microsoft Media Encoder), has an improved L1/L2 cache lookup buffer and uses a wee bit less power (therefore less heat) than the previous "non-XP" generation of Athlons at the same clock speed.########################################3) Burned Video CDs Will Only Play On My PCEunice inquires - I have made lots of video cd's but find I can only play them on my computer. I have taken them to a store that sells dvd players, and some of them say on the front ,,,,dvd and vcd,,,, yet they will not play the ones I have made on my xp computer. They will play the DVD ones that I have made, but not the vcd ones.Panaque suggests:Just because a DVD player says in plays VCDs it does not mean that it will play VCDs burnt onto CDRs. Check out http://www.vcdhelp.com/ for all you need to know about making VCDs and which DVD players will play them.########################################4) UMAX Scanner And XPMarcia asks - I have a UMAX ASTRA 3400 scanner. Before the installation process can be done, a message form microsoft is displayed saying that if the UMAX software is installed it may cause problems to my computer either now or in the future. I have Windows XP operating system. The software apparently isn't digitally signed. We got the scanner with our computer (Dell Dimension 4300) The options at that point are "install anyway" or "cancel installation".Michael S. MS-MVP suggests:Don't install the software and see if the scanner will function properly using the XP default drivers. We've had a lot of problems with software bundles. Often the hardware is compatible with XP and will work using the drivers that ship with XP but the software bundles cause problems due to compatibility issues.*** That's good advice for any perif., or for that matter for your video or modem card as well.########################################5) How To Assign Drive Letters In XPJohn asks - I removed my old burner, then rebooted. It reassigned my drive letters and now many programs will not run or uninstall. Is there a way to change the mappings back without having to blow away the drive?Patty M. MS MVP suggests:Right-click My Computer and choose Manage. Click on the Disk Management entry in the left pane. In a moment, it will bring up all your drives in the right-pane. Right-click the drive you want and choose Change Drive letter and path.*** A Microsoft link re: such follows:http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;EN-US;q307844########################################6) Dual Boot XP And Windows 2000 On New PCjscooper22 asks - I'm planning on getting a new PC with XP Pro preinstalled. I'd like to add second drive [and] load win2000 on it to create a dual boot system. Maybe I'll just get a single giant drive and repartitian it into two, I'm not sure yet. Can anyone give me any advice or point me anywhere that'll tell me what I need to know before I try this?*** I'd buy the second drive, and "temporarily" set it up as C: and then install Windows 2000 on it and make sure it's working. Then I'd play with hardware again and make it a Slave. I'd then use the BIOS to select what drive [OS] I wanted to boot to that session.It's like having two computers in a way. Your OS's are completely separated. If a drive fails your PC can still function 100% without having to worry about boot managers and/or NT .ini files and such, [yes you may have to change hard drive jumper settings again if one drive does fail and you have to use the other, etc.]Note that this method is simply my opinion and the way I use my PC at home. There are many other ways to configure multiple boot systems.########################################7) Corrupted Outlook Express File FoldersLumpy kindly posted a link to a nice OE utility:http://chattanooga.net/~scochran/DBXtract.htm########################################8) Help With Blocking Email SpamSpider asks - Are there any freebie programs to block the darned spammers? Getting really annoying.Charlie G. suggests:Try bouncing back the spam like your email address is invalid. I usually don't hear a second time from any spammer I bounced.Spam Bouncer and Mail Washer are a couple of good ones:http://www.pcworld.com/downloads/file_description/0,fid,5402,00.asp http://www.mailwasher.net/########################################9) Why Install Older OS First For Dual Boot?jscooper22 inquires - Can someone tell me why it's better to install an older OS first? I plan on getting a new PC with XP Pro preinstalled then add a second drive and load it with Win2000. If it's on a separate physical drive, shouldn't it leave the first (C:) drive alone during installation?Harry O. replies:Doug Knox has directions for doing what you wish at his site:http://www.dougknox.com/xp/tips/xp_repair_2k.htmHowever you may be better off using a program like BootIt NG from http://www.terabyteunlimited.com/ as this app will enable you to boot either Hard Drive as well as partition drives, make backup images etc.Sly also inquires - I am running XP Pro, and would like to install 98SE and have a dual boot option (my son has a couple of new games that wont run under XP/Voodoo 3. Any help or advice would be greatly appreciated.Ken says:Generally if you want to duel boot you would have win98 on first. Then you would run setup from xp cd from within windows 98 and choose new installation. Then it will automaticly setup duel boot for you.Sly comes back:Any way of doing it the other way around? I really didn't want to reformat.Synapse Syndrome suggests:Yes. You can install Win98 afterwards if you use PartitionMagic to make another partition at the beginning of your drive. Then use the bundled BootMagic software to switch between OSs. I've done this, and it works perfectly.Jon & Fran Hawton pops in - I have a NTFS partition that is at the front. Can I put 98 or Me on one of my other partitions since it is not at the front??*** NT IT Pros often suggest a "front" fat16 aka fat partition. This allows you the freedom to do what you have to do.########################################10) I'd Like To Test My Firewall SettingsDoug asks - I'd like to test out my buddies firewall settings. Are there any other sites available like the one at grc.com?*** http://www.pcflank.com/+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++http://www.bootdisk.com/bootlist.htm ^^^http://www.bootdisk.com/ 031 5/10/2002The BootLISTWelcome to the 31st edition of The BootLISTINDEX 1) Password Protected BIOS2) Motherboard Temperature Alarm3) Have XP - Want To Also Have Windows SE4) FAT32, XP, And Windows 985) Change The Default Location Of The My Documents Folder In XP6) Where Is Scandisk In XP7) How To Change The Boot Order8) USB Mouse Not Recognized In Safe Mode9) File Extension DataBases10) Help In Running Old DOS Games/Software On XP########################################1) Password Protected BIOStRuthvalue inquires - Friends gave me an aging AT&T PC. The BIOS setup is passworded, and my friends are clueless about it; they always used AT&T's support. I've been able to work around this until now, but I'm trying to install a bigger disk, and I must get into the BIOS.I vaguely remember hearing about "Flashing" the BIOS as a way of erasing and resetting this password.*** You can try software first to clear the bios. The second thing you'd try if that doesn't work is clearing it using the proper jumpers to "clear" the BIOS or removing the battery for several hours. One should never have to flash to get rid of a bios password.Try Kill or Wipe in the DOS Cleaners section on this page:http://www.bootdisk.com/utility.htmWhat those small programs do is set the BIOS to it's defaults ie the way it comes on a new motherboard. There are risks involved tho like losing your hard drive and com port settings of course so get a second opinion before you use such a hard core utility. And read the readmes.########################################2) Motherboard Temperature AlarmTimothy S. P. asks - Even after POST, having installed a new Asus K7M motherboard, either through my PC Speaker or through my attached speakers, I have an incessant beeping. It goes HI, LOW, HI, LOW, etc. nonstop. My computer is otherwise fully functional and has no other signs of distress except for the beeping constantly.*** Go into your BIOS and set the temperature alarms higher.########################################3) Have XP - Want To Also Have Windows SEFelipus wrote - Hi, I need to install windows 98se as a secondary OS. Thing is I'm using Windows XP Pro. I have a separate hd to install win98se. Can this be done?*** Do you have a modern PC? If so you can set it in the BIOS to boot from different physical drives. Put the "separate" HDD [Hard Disk Drive] as Master, install WindowsSE and get it working, then put the drive on the channel you want. Now use the BIOS to set what OS [HDD] you want to use for your computing session.The downside of doing it this way is that you have to reset your BIOS to boot from a different physical drive each time you want to use the other OS. The plus of doing it this way is that your OS's are completely separated, there is no multiple boot manager to go sour, and if a hard drive does go bad you simply remove it and dont have to do any software modifications to use the other OS.########################################4) FAT32, XP, And Windows 98[Sunny] wrote - We are going to install WinXP on a second partition. If we install as fat32 will we be able to run the existing programs under WinXP from the Win98 partition without copying them to the second partition? We want to use the programs from their present location.*** FAT32 is NOT the issue. The issue is whether or not your old programs can run independently, or if they have to be installed INTO and MATED with Windows which involves numerous registry entries and often many .dll files that have to be copied to the Windows folder.In other words, if the type of programs you are talking about were simply applications you unzipped to a folder on the Win98 hard drive and a simple click on the .exe file runs it, then yes, they should run just fine in XP assuming they are XP compatible. If the programs however, had to add numerous keys to the registry to run then there is no way they will run on either type of partition unless you install them fresh in XP.########################################5) Change The Default Location Of The My Documents Folder In XPPierre questions - Is there any way to set the folder document and settings to another drive? Cause I'm tired of having to back it up when I want to reinstall.Anyuser answers:Right click on the "My Documents" folder on your desktop or in Explorer and select Move. Give the complete path for the new folder and click okay.FYI, TweakUI allows you to specify a different folder to be used as the My document folder. It does not move the existing folder.Bruce C. adds:How to Change the Default Location of the My Documents Folderhttp://support.microsoft.com/directory/article.asp?ID=KB;EN-US;Q310147*** tweakUI for XP is here:http://download.microsoft.com/download/whistler/Install/2/WXP/EN-US/TweakUiPowertoySetup.exe########################################6) Where Is Scandisk In XPEstevan asks - I was wondering why there is no more scandisk under XP ... ( on System Tools ) so, my question is, which is a good option to replace it?Steve K. says:Scandisk does still exist in XP. It's just hidden. Try this:My Computer Right Click on the drive you wish to scan Properties Tools and hey -presto there's scandisk calling itself "error checking"########################################7) How To Change The Boot OrderRon asks - Hi I have Windows 98SE and Windows XP on a partitioned hard disk. On boot up I am given the choice of Windows XP or Windows 98SE with Windows XP the default choice. How can I change it so that Windows 98SE is the default choice?Rodders posts back:Try this in WinXPSpecifying the Default Operating System for StartupIf you have more than one operating system on your computer, you can set the operating system that you want to use as the default one for when you start your computer:· Click Start , click Control Panel , and then double-click System.· On the Advanced tab, under Startup and Recovery , click Settings.· Under System startup , in the Default operating system list, click the operating system that you want to start when you turn on or restart your computer.· Select the Display list of operating systems for check box, and then type the number of seconds for which you want the list displayed before the default operating system starts automatically.Andreas K. says:HOW TO Edit the Boot.ini File in Windows XP (Q289022):http://support.microsoft.com/search/preview.aspx?scid=kb;;Q289022########################################8) USB Mouse Not Recognized In Safe ModeANGEL posts - When I boot up to safe mode, it isn't recognized. It works for fine for a complete boot. Switching to a port mouse works in safe mode. It's just a pain switching. Using 98SE with an MS Intellipoint Optical USB.Shep says:Unless your mother board BIOS supports USB in dos and your mouse does as well then you cannot use a USB mouse in Safemode as it only uses DOS real-mode drivers.You have to use a serial or PS2 mouse in this case.########################################9) File Extension DataBasescheekycharlie asks - My friend has just received an email from Australia. It includes an attachment with a .max extension. Can anyone tell me what program / software he would need to read this please?Boomer suggests:You might want to search at these sites:http://www.filext.com/http://www.extsearch.com/########################################10) Help In Running Old DOS Games/Software On XPneil shares a link for people having problems running old DOS games/software:Have you tried Dosbox? It seems pretty good at getting some stuff to work...http://dosbox.zophar.net/*** The keyword is "some".+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++http://www.bootdisk.com/bootlist.htmTo Subscribe to this newsletter please enter your Email address below:To Unsubscribe from The BootLIST click here:http://www.yourmailinglistprovider.com/unsubscribe.php?BootLIST^^^
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